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Flag of Tokelau (local).svg Coat of arms of Tokelau.jpg
MottoTokelau Mo Te Atua
CapitalNone; each atoll has its own administrative centre.
Official languages Tokelauan, English
Demonym Tokelauan
 -  Administrator David Payton
 -  Head of Government Foua Toloa
ANZC Associate State
 -  Tokelau Act 1948 
 -  Total 11.5 km2 (228th)
5.6 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
 -   estimate 1,453 
Currency ANZC Dollar (NZD)
Drives on the left
Calling code 690

Tokelau is a partially self-governing external territory of the Commonwealth of Australia and New Zealand. It consists of four atolls: Atafu, Nukunonu, Fakaofo, and Olohega. Olohega, also called Swains Island, was a part of American Samoa until 1996. On April 22 of that year, the American Provisional Administration transferred the island to Tokelau, making it the last piece of territory under APA sovereignty.


Tokelau has a population of 1433 (as of July 2008). This is lower than 2007, showing a declining population. The nationals of Tokelau are called Tokelauans, and the major ethnic group is Polynesian. The country has no minorities. The major religion is the Congregational Christian Church and the main language is Tokelauan, but English is also spoken.

Tokelau has fewer than 1500 Polynesian inhabitants in three villages who speak Tokelauan and English. Their isolation and lack of resources greatly limits economic development and confines agriculture to the subsistence level. The very limited natural resources and overcrowding are contributing to emigration to New Zealand and Samoa, resulting in a population decline of about 0.9% per year. Depletion of tuna has made fishing for food more difficult.

On the island of Atafu almost all inhabitants are members of the Congregational Christian Church of Samoa. On Nukunonu almost all are Roman Catholic. On Fakaofo both denominations are present with the Congregational Christian Church predominant. The total proportions are: Congregational Christian Church 62%, Roman Catholic 34%, other 5%.

While slightly more females than males live on Atafu and Fakaofo, males make up 57% of Nukunonu residents. Only 9% of Tokelauans aged 40 or more have never been married. One quarter of the population were born overseas; almost all the rest live on the same atoll they were born on. Most households own 5 or more pigs.

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