Toyotomi Fidefi (1679-1759) was the 7th, and last, Quampaku of the Toyotomi dynasty, and the last Quampaku ever to inherit the position. He was the 1st cousin of Fidefiro, who had died without male heirs. He served as Quampaku from 1728 until 1735 for Emperor Kômon until the later initiated the Fôka Reforms. His granddaughter, Kuniko, was later married to Kômon's son, the Emperor Go-Kômon. In 1750, he returned to power as sexxô for his infant great-grandson, Prince Fidefito, who had became the Emperor Go-Kôtoku.
Fidefi's most important contribution to Japanese history was in his capacity as sexxô. During the reign of Go-Kômon, the colonies had petitioned the central government for increased autonomy. Both the Emperor and his advisors, including various members of the Toyotomi family, had opposed any increase in autonomy. To the contrary, they had begun to increase centralization of the colonial empire. As the Emperor's health began to fail, the colonies hoped that a moderate might be appointed as sexxô. Instead, Fidefi, a leader of the anti-autonomy movement, was appointed. This lead to uprisings in Aruta-dô in 1752, quickly spreading to other colonies. Fidefi soon found himself fighting rebellions and European powers, as the First Global War took shape. In 1755, Fidefi made a bold proposal, to resurrect the long-vacant position of xôgun for the duration of the War. He also met with leaders of the rebellion to come to a compromise, decentralizing the colonial Empire and establishing the groundwork for the later Federation of Japanese States. Fidefi would not live to see the end of the war. His son, Fidenaru, was appointed as sexxô for the next three years, until the Emperor came of age.
The new xôgun was given near-absolute power, which he used wisely. Though he was unable to defeat Japan's enemies, he managed to preserve more than anyone had thought possible of Japan's empire. Upon the ratification of the Treaty of Kyoto, the xôgun returned his sword to the Emperor.
|Quampaku of Japan