The Tuscan Republic, sometimes known as Tuscany is an Italian survivor state within the former region of Tuscany.
Prior to Doomsday, the Italian region of Tuscany was one of the most visited places in the world, often with millions of tourists arriving in Florence or Pisa to see their respective landmarks. During the 6th century, it was ceded to the Roman Empire, whych helped revolutionize the region. The Tuscan region was often said to be the birthplace of the Renaissance. The artistic wonders of Donatello and Leonardo Di Vinci lived in Tuscany as well.
There were only two nuclear attacks on the interior of the region, which was a ballistic missile hitting 6 km from Camp Darby U.S. military base between Livorno and Pisa. All but two survived at the heavily damaged, but not destroyed base, but eventually resulted in the deaths of nearly 2000 people from radiation, and nearly 500 from the subsequent fires that sprouted up soon afterwards. Florence, while a secondary target and a major industrial center, was not hit. The cities in general, however,did not suffer from any major radiation damage, but the attack still led to nearly 14,000 people fleeing the Pisa. The coast was not similarly spared, with strikes on nearby La Spezia and Livorno, which brought the destruction of its major port city. Compared to other regions of Italy, and most of Europe, it was spared from most horrific effects of Doomsday, such as nuclear fallout and the chaotic starvation that almost every other part of Europe soon witnessed. The somewhat small nature of the attack allowed the local government to maintain a relatively stable sphere of control, at least in the first weeks.
After nearly two years without word from Rome, and after several survivors from other regions also claimed that it was feared that organized government was completely abandoned in Italy. The Tuscan administration at the time decided to reorganize the government into the Provisional Tuscan Republic, so as not to declare full independence, but to better serve the people for the immediate future. However they did not know what was soon to happen.
Sicilian Occupation and Division
When Sicily began the offensive to reclaim Italian lands, Tuscany became a buffer zone between Sicily and the Alpines. But they were stunned to near death when reaching the city of Bologna a massive enemy military force had taken positions to counter the Sicilian advance. After a few skirmishes, the Generals realized that in secret the Tuscan forces had set up a defense coalition force bolstered by a large contingent of thousands of Alpine Militia willing to stop the neo-fascist expansion by all means.
After a brief skirmish (named the Bologna Incident) revealing the Alpine superiority based on hundreds of recently acquired NATO-tanks, artillery and rocket launchers, the Sicilian troops gathered in Florence to set up defenses and rethink their strategy.
The unexpected news and shift deeply upset the government in Palermo. Quickly the bulk of the forces are sent to avoid a Alpine-Sicilian counter-offensive. As the Sicilians built up defenses in Florence, they received an offer of ceasefire from the Alpine Confederation. A Demarcation line was agreed upon along the peninsula from Pisa, through Florence, to Rimini. Tuscany was split in two, and the Tuscan government, their capital now under Sicilian control, relocated to Prato. With the Sicilians in control of most of Italy, and the discovery of several other independent Italian states, the Tuscan government declared the Tuscan Republic a fully sovereign and independent nation, abandoning their provisional status. The next few years saw a massive refugee exodus from South Tuscany, with many people wishing to escape the Sicilian occupation. This continued until 1996 with the Sicilians finishing a massive border fortification along the Demarcation line. While the Tuscans were originally resentful of the Alpine Confederation for so easily handing their territory to the Sicilians, the aid received in the years after helping construct new housing and infrastructure to adapt to the influx of southern population to the north helped re-establish positive relations. New port facilities were constructed in Viareggio, which had mostly been a tourist town and had suffered greatly with the near-elimination of the tourism industry, which allowed North Tuscany access to greatly needed imports.
Up until 2004, Tuscany was completely isolated from the international community. Until then, the only survivor states it had knowledge of was the former French island of Corsica, the Alpine Confederation, and Sicily. Alpine relayed its' existence to other European nations. While many of them were surprised how well of the nation had managed to survive, while others such as Sicily were hostile.
In 2008, it was a founding member of the League of Nations.
In the present day, Tuscany has become the "breadbasket" for the region. In return for mutual defense, it supplies the Alpine Confederation with over 20% of its agriculture, and 30% of its produce. In return for housing the industry that was destroyed in Florence, it supplies San Marino with 75% of its agriculture and 50% of its produce. While it is now only a moderately industrialized nation, it benefits greatly from its' neighbor allies and has one of the highest per capita standards of living in all of former Italy.
Their involvement with the IPA, established in January of 2010, led to their army, backed by the Venetian and Genoan armies and volunteers from the north and the Alpine Confederation, attacking weakened Sicilian positions that February, reclaiming the south as well as freeing areas of nearby provinces, which they will operate under a mandate with the rst of the IPA.
The capital will remain Prato until Florence, now even further damaged by fighting, can be repaired.
Although southern Tuscany was occupied by Sicily, the two nations agreed to a certain occupation policy in which Northern laws and rights apply where they do not interfere with Sicilian ones. As a result there were multiple Tuscan police and law stations scattered throughout southern Tuscany. Another controversial law was that technically it was not illegal for a southern Tuscan to run for the executive seat of Tuscany, as it was also partially allowed for southern Tuscans to vote for northern offices. Sicily secretly campaigned to put pro-Sicily southerners into public office in the north, but the northerners grew cautious on who they elected. With the reconquest of the south, the issue - northerners not trusting the south - remains.
A second issue was that of Pisa. In return for peace, Tuscany handed over the two cities to Sicily in return for northern Florence and an enclave in southern Pisa, centered around the walled area of Piazza dei Miracoli. As citizens began evacuating Florence and Pisa after the takeover, the Sicilians refused to let go of them, save a few who had already managed to make it into the Piazza dei Miracoli. The Sicilians also blockaded the Pisan enclave in an effort to choke it out. Had this been the Cold War the Tuscans could have revived the Berlin Airlift but since fuel was almost non-existent Tuscany officially surrendered the Pisan enclave in order to keep the refugees from starving. However, the enclavites managed to survive thanks to smuggled agriculture, meaning the surrender only harmed them. The enclavites remained in a limbo state of terra nullis as they were no longer officially governed by Tuscany and Sicily exerted no control whatsoever on them until recently Tuscany began airlifting to the enclave, re-exerting control during the Second Sicily War.
The Tuscany military is a volunteer army that saw massive increases in registration following the Sicilian invasion and the Division of Tuscany. Its equipment comes mostly from the Alpine Confederation and other ADC member states.
The economy of Tuscany is largely centered around agriculture, fishing and winemaking. The industrial sector is mostly developed around mining, although the textile and pharmaceutical industries are a noticeable presence as well. Another noticeable business is the fashion industry. The port city of Viareggio has taken the place of Livorno in the sense of tourism and being a major harbor.
After the telecommunications systems were knocked out, most Tuscans resorted to messengers and mail. The postal service industry has grown to relatively high standards, similar to its massive success before joining Italy. To this day, the Tuscan stamps produced in the 1800's are still the most sought after by stamp collectors.
Tuscany is a member of the League of Nations, as well as the Italian Peninsula Alliance, of which it was a founding member in January of 2010.
Tuscany has been fairly active with other Italian survivor states, as well as several others such as Corsica, the Alpine Confederation, and even having established an embassy in Transylvania. It has not, however, been receptive towards Sicily, who continue to occupy South Tuscany despite the objections of the League of Nations and the Alpine Confederation
Tuscany also has expressed great interest in becoming a member of the Atlantic Defense Community.