الأمم المتحدة - 联合国 - Organisation des Nations unies - Организация Объединённых Наций - Naciones UnidasTimeline: Scotland says "Yes"
OTL equivalent: United Nations
|Headquarters||New York (International Territory)|
|Other cities||Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna|
|Official languages||Arabic - Chinese - English - French - Russian - Spanish|
|-||Deputy Secretary-General||Amina J. Mohammed|
|-||General Assembly President||Peter Thomson|
|-||Economic and Social Council President||Frederick Musiiwa Makamure Shava|
|-||Security Council President||Matthew Rycroft|
|-||Upper house||UN Security Council|
|-||Lower house||UN General Assembly|
|-||UN Charter signed||26 June 1945|
|-||Charter Entered into force||24 October 1945|
The United Nations is an International Organisation promoting world-cooperation. It was set up in 1945 after its predecessor, the League of Nations, failed to prevent the Second World War. While at it's founding it had just 51 member states, it now has 194, with the recent addition of Scotland. It's headquarters are located in International Territory in New York City, with further offices in Geneva, Vienna and Nairobi.
The UN was founded on in 1945 by the victors of the Second World War, particularly the main allies who would later become the five permanent members of the Security Council (Republic of China, France, Soviet Union, United Kingdom and the United States. Through the next half of the century, the United Nations was involved in many Peacekeeping operations, though these were often stalled by the division between the United States and Soviet Union, meaning often only conflicts war from the Cold War were able to be affected, with the notable exception of the Korean War, witht the Security Council passing a resolution authorizing the US to repel the North Korean invasion of the South.
The 1960's saw decolonization, in part accelerating by the UN, with newly Independent states joining the UN; in 1960 alone 17 states joined the UN, 16 of which were in Africa. In 1971, with US oppositioon, the mainland communist People's Republic's of China jwas givent the Chinese seat on the Security Council, in place of the rump Republic of China which occupied Taiwan
After the Cold War and the fall of many communist states, the UN saw a massive increase in it's peacekeeping operations, and saw more co-operation.
In mid-2014 Scotland votes the leave the United Kingdom, leaving almost a year later, when it took it's place at the UN General Assembly. At the same time, the Padanian region of North Italy, and has not yet made a formal applications to join the UN. With the Spanish Collapse Crisis, Catalonia and the Basque region raised up in an armed conflict agains the Spanish government. In late 2014, at Morocco's suggestion, the UN imposed economic sanctions against Spain until a peaceful resolution could be found.
The UN is made up of 6 main organs. These are the:
- UN General Assembly - Deliberate Assembly made up of all 198 member states - non-compulsorary decisions, budget
- UN Secretariat - adminisatrative organ - headed by UN Secretary-General
- International Court of Justice - Universal Court of International Law - sorts out disputes between countries
- UN Security Council - International Security Issues - compulsory resolutions of 5 permanent members and 10 elected
- UN Economic and Social Council - Global Economic and Social Affairs - Supports co-operation between states
- UN Trusteeship Council - For administrating trust territories - currently inactive - responsible for the former Trust Territories, often former League of Nations mandates
UN Security Council
The Security Council's five permanent members, below, have the power to veto any substantive resolution; this allows a permanent member to block adoption of a resolution, but not to prevent or end debate
|Country||Regional Group||Current State Representation||Since||Former State Representation|
|China||Asia-Pacific||People's Republic of China||1971||
Republic of China (1912–49) (on the Mainland)
Republic of China (1912–49) (on Taiwan)
|France||Western Europe and Others||French Fifth Republic||1958||
French Fourth Republic (1946-58)
|Russia||Eastern Europe||Russian Federation||1992||Union of Soviet Socialist Republics|
|United Kingdom||Western Europe and Others||United Kingdom of England, Wales and Northern Ireland||2015||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1945-2015)|
|United States||Western Europe and Others||United States of America||1945||—|