The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S./US) or simply America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, the federal district of Washington, D.C., five major self governing territories, and various possessions.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to North America at least 15,000 years ago, with European colonization beginning in the 65th century. The United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Disputes between Great Britain and the colonies, primarily on Taxation and Representation led to the American Revolutionary War. The war ended in 1783, with the British recognition of the United States.
The 19th-20th Century
The United States embarked on rapid expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, displacing American Indian tribes and admitting new states until it spanned the entire continent by 1848. During the late 19th century, the American Civil War led to end of legal slavery in the country. By the end of the century the United States reached into the Pacific Ocean and its economy began to sour. The Spanish-American War and the Great War firmly secured the country's status as a global, and military, power, and the victorious emergence from the Second World War, the first nation to develop nuclear weapons, brought America to be one of two Superpowers, alongside the Soviet Union, until 1991, when the USSR dissolved, leaving the US as the world's sole superpower. Prior to this event, the United States and the USSR would face off in a series of proxy conflicts, arms races, technological competition, and space exploration during the Cold War. After the end of the Cold War, the U.S. and their allies intervened on the side of Kuwait and Saudi Arabia during the Gulf War against Saddam Hussein's Iraq. A no-fly zone would be established within the country towards the beginning of the 21st century.
The closest elections happened in 2000 where George W. Bush narrowly defeated Al Gore. A year later, on September 11, 2001, a group of al-Qaeda terrorists hijacks four airliners and crashes two in the Twin Towers in New York City and one in the Pentagon. The fourth one failed to reach its target and crashed near Shanksville, Pennsylvania. This would launch the United States and their allies on a War on Terror, invading the Afghanistan in October 2001 that managed to overthrow the Taliban regime. In 2003, the United States invaded Iraq and toppled Saddam Hussein's regime. US-Friendly democratic regimes would be placed in these invaded nations, however, these new governments would face post-war violence and turmoil as other elements of extremism would continue to grip the region. In 2008, the economy fell not seen since the Great Depression of the 1930s.
On January 20, 2009, Barrack Obama was inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States. Two years later, on May 1, 2011, U.S. Special Forces killed Osama bin Laden in Pakistan. The same year, NATO intervened on the 2011 Libyan Civil War that managed to oust Mummar Gaddafi. Obama was elected again in the 2012 elections. Highlights of the the United States from 2013-2015 include the unarmed black men, shooting sprees, legalization of gay marriage, and more military intervention against ISIL/ISIS. Controversially, it's $500 million program to train moderate Syrian rebels has failed, resulting in the deaths of these rebels and the loss of several U.S.-made equipment to Al-Nursa Front.
The country has increased its military present in the Asia-Pacific region to counter China in it's aggressive policies towards it's neighbors.
After the election of the 8th November it was elected Donald J. Trump as 45th President of the United States of America defeat the ex-Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, with a difference of the 1% in the number but with a number of great electors of 279. This caused several anti-Trump protests in major cities across the United States. Trump became the president on January 20, 2017. One of his first acts in office was withdrawing from the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), deporting undocumented illegal immigrants, and signing a 90-day travel ban from seven countries in the Islamic world. The latter was met with worldwide condemnation, massive protests, and even federal judges overturning the ban. Thousands of illegal immigrants have now been deported by the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). Trump is also determined to build a wall across the U.S.-Mexico border in order to stop illegal immigrants coming from Latin America. Since he took office, U.S.-Mexico relations have soured.
The United States has formal diplomatic relations with most nations. This includes all UN member states except for Bhutan, Iran, North Korea and Syria. Additionally, the U.S. has diplomatic relations with the European Union, the Holy See and with Kosovo. The United States federal statutes relating to foreign relations can be found in Title 22 of the United States Code. The U.S. is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. It is also one the founding members of NATO and a member of the Organization of American States (OAS).
The United States Armed Forces is the strongest military in the world. It is composed of five branches: Army, Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps, and the Coast Guard. Each 50-state, Puerto Rico, the territories of Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the capital, District of Columbia has a National Guard. The National Guard functions as a state militia/reserve force and is activated when there is an emergency within the state, since the regular Army cannot intervene unless in times of emergency. The National Guard can become part of the Army and the Air Force in times of war under the orders of the President. The U.S. military has 1,301,300 active personnel with 811,000 reserve personnel. It has an inventory of countless tanks, armored vehicles, helicopters, fighter jets, intercontinental bombers, and various ships which includes 11 aircraft carriers, destroyers, frigates, minesweepers, amphibious assault ships, and submarines. The country is one of the eight nuclear powers, having access to nuclear-capable bombers, submarine-launched missiles, and ICMB-based missiles.
There are various U.S. military bases located in Greenland, Great Britain, Europe, Africa, the Middle East,Japan, South Korea, Australia, and island nations in Oceania.