Alternative History

The 1810 United States Presidential Election saw incumbent President James Madison running for re-election against former New York Senator Rufus King.


Democratic-Republican party nomination[]

Democratic-Republican candidates

  • James Madison, President of the United State from Virginia

President Madison was renominated without opposition. However, there was a battle as to who Madison's running mate should be. The four leading candidates were; former NYC Mayor DeWitt Clinton, New Hampshire Governor John Langdon, Massachusetts Governor Elbridge Gerry, and U.S. Minister to Russia John Quincy Adams. Langdon and Clinton were seen as front-runners, with Gerry and Adams as possibe compromise choices. In the balloting, Clinton and Langdon held the lead until deadlock forced the caucus to choose Gerry.

1810 Democratic-Republican Caucus

Presidential ballot 1 Vice-presidential ballot 1 2 3 4 5 6
James Madison 89 John Langdon 37 39 34 29 15 5
DeWitt Clinton 30 31 32 34 37 38
Elbridge Gerry 16 16 20 25 37 46
John Quincy Adams 6 3 3 1 0 0

Federalist party nomination[]

Federalist candidates

  • Rufus King, former U.S. senator and 1807 and 1810 vice-presidential nominee from New York

The Federalists hoped to use the British confisaction of American ships as a campaign issue. So they nominated former NY Senator and 04' & 07' VP nominee Rufus King for president. Former North carolina Governor William Davie was nominated for vice president.

General election[]

In spite of problems with Britain, Madison and his party maintained control of the government.


Presidential candidate Party Home state Popular vote Electoral vote Running mate Running mate's home state Running mate's electoral vote
James Madison Democratic-Republican Virginia 170,908 (53.6%) 123 Elbridge Gerry Massachusetts 123
Rufus King Federalist New York 157,964 (46.4%) 92 William Davie North Carolina 92
Total - - 318,872 (100.0%) 215 - - 215

See also[]