The 1834 U.S. Presdiential Election saw the Republican party wins its first election.


Republican party nomination

Republican candidates

  • John Bell, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee
  • Henry Clay, U.S. senator and former U.S. Speaker of the House from Kentucky
  • William Henry Harrison, U.S. senator from Ohio
  • Hugh Lawson White, President of the U.S. Senate from Tennessee

The Republicans meet in Philadelphia. Harrison and Clay were concidered front-runners going into the convention. Clay lead on the first few ballots, but Harrison gained the support of Hugh White and this secured his victory. White (despite his own reservations) was nominated for vice president.

Convention vote

Presidential ballot 1 2 3 4 5 Vice-presidential ballot 1
Henry Clay 121 120 120 118 26 Hugh Lawson White 301
William Henry Harrison 101 101 102 153 272 James Barbour 7
Hugh Lawson White 56 57 60 14 2
John Bell 30 30 26 23 8

Democrat party nomination

Democrat candidates

  • Lewis Cass, U.S. Prime Minister from Michigan
  • Richard M. Johnson, Vice President of the United States from Kentucky
  • William L. Marcy, Governor of New York
  • Levi P. Woodbury, U.S. Secretary of the Navy from New Hampshire

The Democrats meet in Richmond, Virginia. Johnson was the front-runner and choice of the party regulars and the eastern delegates, while Marcy was the choice of his home state of New York, Woodbury was supported by New England, and Cass had the support of the west. Johnson was supported by former Presidents Jackson and Calhoun and this helped him win the vital southern delegates and win the nomination. Marcy was nominated for vice president.

Convention vote

Presidential ballot 1 2 3 Vice-presidential ballot 1
Richard M. Johnson 189 205 229 William L. Marcy 302
Lewis Cass 59 47 31 James Buchanan 26
William L. Marcy 44 52 54
Levi P. Woodbury 36 24 14

Anti-Masonic party convention

The Anti-Masons meet in Philadelphia shortly after the Republicans and chose to support the Harrison ticket in order to ensure the defeat of Johnson and the Democrats.

General election

Johnson was unpopular with many in the south because he had taken a black woman as a common-law wife. This was a leading cause of his defeat at the hands of Harrison.


Presidential candidate Party Home state Popular vote Electoral vote Running mate Running mate's home state Running mate's electoral vote
William Henry Harrison Republican Ohio 865,354 (51.5%) 188 Hugh Lawson White Tennessee 188
Richard Mentor Johnson Democrat Kentucky 804,721 (48.1%) 140 William Learned Marcy New York 140
Others - - 7,234 (0.4%) 0 - - 0
Total - - 1,678,309 (100.0%) 328 - - 328

See also

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