The 1834 U.S. Presdiential Election saw the Republican party wins its first election.
Republican party nomination
- John Bell, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee
- Henry Clay, U.S. senator and former U.S. Speaker of the House from Kentucky
- William Henry Harrison, U.S. senator from Ohio
- Hugh Lawson White, President of the U.S. Senate from Tennessee
The Republicans meet in Philadelphia. Harrison and Clay were concidered front-runners going into the convention. Clay lead on the first few ballots, but Harrison gained the support of Hugh White and this secured his victory. White (despite his own reservations) was nominated for vice president.
|Presidential ballot||1||2||3||4||5||Vice-presidential ballot||1|
|Henry Clay||121||120||120||118||26||Hugh Lawson White||301|
|William Henry Harrison||101||101||102||153||272||James Barbour||7|
|Hugh Lawson White||56||57||60||14||2|
Democrat party nomination
- Lewis Cass, U.S. Prime Minister from Michigan
- Richard M. Johnson, Vice President of the United States from Kentucky
- William L. Marcy, Governor of New York
- Levi P. Woodbury, U.S. Secretary of the Navy from New Hampshire
The Democrats meet in Richmond, Virginia. Johnson was the front-runner and choice of the party regulars and the eastern delegates, while Marcy was the choice of his home state of New York, Woodbury was supported by New England, and Cass had the support of the west. Johnson was supported by former Presidents Jackson and Calhoun and this helped him win the vital southern delegates and win the nomination. Marcy was nominated for vice president.
|Presidential ballot||1||2||3||Vice-presidential ballot||1|
|Richard M. Johnson||189||205||229||William L. Marcy||302|
|Lewis Cass||59||47||31||James Buchanan||26|
|William L. Marcy||44||52||54|
|Levi P. Woodbury||36||24||14|
Anti-Masonic party convention
The Anti-Masons meet in Philadelphia shortly after the Republicans and chose to support the Harrison ticket in order to ensure the defeat of Johnson and the Democrats.
Johnson was unpopular with many in the south because he had taken a black woman as a common-law wife. This was a leading cause of his defeat at the hands of Harrison.
|Presidential candidate||Party||Home state||Popular vote||Electoral vote||Running mate||Running mate's home state||Running mate's electoral vote|
|William Henry Harrison||Republican||Ohio||865,354 (51.5%)||188||Hugh Lawson White||Tennessee||188|
|Richard Mentor Johnson||Democrat||Kentucky||804,721 (48.1%)||140||William Learned Marcy||New York||140|