The United States of Columbia (USC), or Columbia, also referred to as the Columbian States (Mostly so people wouldn't be confused with the "United States" portion of its name, which is used mostly to refer to the United States of America, the USC's "Sister Nation") is a Federal Republic that consists of 54 States, a single Federal District and various possessions and territories. This super-state encompasses all of South America, where 54 of its' Contiguous Mainland States lie. It also encompasses all of Central America (excluding Mexico and the USC State of Panama) united into a single State called Tierra Liberada. The Lesser Antilles of the Caribbean Sea have been united to form the 55th state - El Antillia. Apart from its territories in the Atlantic, the nation also has claims in the Pacific Ocean and Oceania, along with their "Sister" - The United States of America.
With a total land area covering 18,464,374 km², the USC stands as the second biggest nation in the world behind the USA (which engulfs all of North America). With a total population of 513,368,799 it is the fourth most populous nation in the world following closely behind its sister, the USA. It is also the only nation apart from America to encompass an entire continent, and is one of the most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations in the world due to it being the product of immigration from many other countries in the world. The geography and climate of the nation is extremely diverse, and is home to a massive variety of wildlife. The free movement of Citizens between the USA and USC is almost unrestricted, with both nations maintaining very close relations with the other.
Around 20,000 years ago many Indians migrated from Eurasia to what is now the USA, and upon Colonization from European powers in the 16th century further migrated Southwards into South America in an effort to escape European aggression . For much of the 16th century, the Spanish and the British would fight to gain territory in Columbia as the British dominated South America along with the Spanish, just like they did with the French in North America. The United States of Columbia emerged from the British colonies along the North Western Coast. Like their northern counterpart, their disputes with Great Britain would lead to the "Columbian Revolution" led by Miles Lexington, inspired by the American Revolutionary War which was still happening in North America. On June 6, 1779 as the Columbian Conflict for Liberty and Independence against the British Empire was still ongoing, delegates of Columbia would unanimously decide to free themselves from Great Britain's oppression with the Declaration of Autonomy in what is today modern St. Liberty. The war with Great Britain would end in 28 March,1786 with the defeat of the British Empire and its withdrawal from the conflict due to the inability to reassert colonial control in Columbia. However the British Empire would refuse to recognize the nation's autonomy until 1811, after massive pressure from the USA. The Columbian Conflict for Liberty would become the second successful conflict against a European colonial Empire.
The loss of the Columbian Colony would also signal an end to British and Spanish dominance in South America. The "Columbian Constitution" would stand as an equivalence of the "American Constitution" which would be adopted in 15 August, 1787 almost a month before the adoption of the US Constitution due to both the leaders from the two recently independent nations writing the Democratic Constitution together, although they disagreed on certain matters. The first 9 Amendments of the constitution, named the "Amendments for the Rights of Men" would be ratified in 1790 (a year before those of the USA) and like those of America were designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties and human rights.
Due to the drastic similarities in policy, ideology and style of governance as well mutual interests in ensuring the maintenance of their independence against the British Empire as well as all of Europe, both the United States of America and the United States of Columbia would sign the "Amalgamation Treaty of the Americas (ATA)" in 1795, which was an Economic, Industrial and Military alliance between the two nations. It was here where both nations would be referred to as "Sister Nations" by the world, with America being the bigger sister and Columbia being the younger.
Inspired by their Northern counterpart's "Manifest Destiny", the Columbians would adopt their very own "Augmentory Creed", a belief that it was the duty of Columbia to safeguard the entire South American continent and thus was used as justification for Columbian Expansion in South America, which like the USA involved the displacements of the Amazonian tribes. By 1850, the nation had spanned the entire South American continent, eventually becoming larger than the United States of America, and overtaking Canada as the largest nation in the Americas at the time before Canada joined the USA. Unlike its Northern counterpart, upon its conception in 1789, the USC outlawed slavery in all its forms as articulated by the nation's Bill of Rights, which was the first of it's kind, and would act as a model for democratic constitution's of the future, including America's. Slavery was the biggest reason why both countries had disputes whilst writing the Constitution and the issue of the enslavement of blacks would cause decades of tensions between the two Sisters, although they would continue to maintain close diplomatic relations. Although Afro-Columbians were free from slavery, this didn't mean segregation was non-existent in Columbian society, and after the death of President Miles Lexington (First USC President), Columbian segregation would slowly surface (although a majority of Columbian States didn't adopt such race laws, a handful amount still did, and those that didn't, indirectly discriminated Afro-Columbians by doing little to nothing to help accelerate integration, ensure substantive equality and stop the segregation in other USC states), and by 1810, officially implemented via ordinances and regulations by the Governors of the extremely racist Western States of the USC as promulgated by the extremely racist President Jim Crow, who vigorously supported race laws in the western states of the expanding titan of Columbia, the same discriminatory laws that would be implemented in the American south after the end of slavery in the USA.
During the American Civil War in 1861, the USC had used this moment as an opportunity to end slavery in America by fighting on the side of the USA against the CSA(Confederated States of America), which they did not recognize as an independent nation. The Columbians would help their US allies by invading from Florida so as to force the already outnumbered Confederacy to fight a brutal two front war. With absolute naval and ground superiority on their side, the USC and the USA would crush the rebellion in one of the most bloodiest wars in American history. The American Civil War would come to an end in 1865, around the same time the USC's Union Congress had officially banned segregation and discrimination in any and all territories of the USC after the long and influential AFRO Movement (A series of protest initiatives by Afro-Columbians together with their allies, which fought for the Rights of Black people in the USC and the emancipation of African-American slaves in the USA). The Union Congress did this by not only declaring segregation and discrimination as a gross violation of the Columbian Constitution, but by passing the AFRO Act of 1865 as well as the Integrationist Act of 1866. Columbia was now the first nation on the history of the planet to not only fully recognize the human rights of people of African descent, but to promote them via legislation and regulations. The Americans on the other hand would pass the "13th Amendment", officially abolishing slavery under Abraham Lincoln, but would immediately impose anti-black segregation policies (notoriously dubbed the Jim Crow Laws, after the former President of the USC, and one of the most hated human beings in history) during reconstruction, and would maintain them for an entire century. This would lead to many Columbians believing that American democracy was not as matured as theirs, many going so far as to call America - The Evil Sister. Many Columbians thus felt that the latter nation was not fully satisfying the philosophies of Columbia's "Autarky Doctrine" (which America vigorously claimed to be using as well), including the philosophy of a laissez-faire capitalist system, due to the economic restrictions and privileges imposed by the different state governments (particularly those of the South, of whom were states that were a part of the old Confederacy that they fought against during the American Civil War) on their citizens based on racial grounds. Many blacks thus preferred Columbia over America, and had swarmed from the USA to Columbia in massive droves over the centuries to come.
By the end of the 19th Century, the USC had extended all the way to the Cape Horn, and it's economy, driven largely by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish-American War, Franco-Columbian Naval Conflict and WWI fully established the United States of Columbia's status as a global military power. Along with it's Northern counterpart, the USC would engage both Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan during World War 2. After the devastation of WWII, the USC would along with the USA and USSR, had emerged as a global Superpower, the second country in the world to develop a Nuclear Bomb almost immediately after the USA, and a permanent member of the UNSC (United Nations Security Council). The USC would also engage the Soviet Union in the Cold War as an ally of the USA and one of the two main enemies of the USSR. This Cold War would end with the dissolution of the Soviet Union, and would leave the USC and USA as the world's only two remaining Superpowers.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Geography
- 3 National Anthem
- 4 Politics & Government
- 5 Foreign Policy
- 6 Military
- 7 Economy
- 8 Trivia
Lexington is a British name, thus being of English descent. Due to the signing of the ETA in 1795, the USC capital is called Lexington AD, or simply Lexington District of America as an official grand alliance with Washington DC, which has done the same. It is with this vigorous show of unity that has led to both countries being referred to as Sister Nations. Although both the USC and USA continued to speak English originating from Great Britain after their independence, both nations slowly created their own version of English although it still remained distinctively similar to Britain's. Columbian-American English as its known creates an emphasis in difference with England's English in both spelling and pronunciation. Columbian-American English for example removes the "u" in certain words, for example "Labour" becomes "Labor", this English also changes the arrangement of certain words. For example "Centre" as written in British dialects becomes "Center". The pronunciation of certain words slightly changes too, such as the fact that "a" is emphasized as an "e" even in instances where its not needed to be like "bath". Columbian-American English also alters the methods of measuring in mathematics and science. For example, whilst in Britain they measure weight by "grams" and "kilograms", in Columbia they do this through "Pounds" and "Tons". Another example is with temperature, where in Great Britain Degrees Celsius(°C) are used but in Columbia Degrees Fahrenheit (°F). This has caused the development of a somewhat unique Columbian-American culture instead of the reflection of European English.
Due to South America having been heavily colonized by Spain and Britain, the dominant languages in most of the regions of Columbia are Spanish and English. For this reason, they are the only two official languages of the USC.
Although languages are spoken in the USC e.g. Swahili, Amharic, Zulu, French, Italian, Portuguese, Latin American etc. the medium of instruction is mostly English, which is easily comprehendible, thus more appealing to all the different ethnicities that make up the nation. The name Columbia comes from Christopher Columbus, and was considered the most desirable name for the nation by its founders.
The main reason for the country's diverse ￼dialects apart from its colonial past is due to the fact that from its inception to its economic boom years, the nation is a product of different ethnicities from all over the world, many apart from those born there came to Columbia seeking riches in the "Land of Opportunity". This linguistics diversity is also a reason why many Columbians have vastly differing names, with this pattern also applying to the nation's regions.
The mainland territory of the United States of Columbia is approximately 18,464,374 km² where its' 54 Contiguous mainland States, including its Federal District are found. The USC encompasses the entire South American mainland where a staggering majority of its massive population live. The Union also administers territories in the Lesser Antilles of the Caribbean Sea as well as some in the Pacific Ocean's Oceania.
The ecology of the USC is very diverse, from its deserts to a wide variety of flora and fauna as well as a vast amount of animal and plant species of different ecological niches, although the nation has a lot of nature, due to the Industrial Revolution and the deforestation of entire rainforests for the purpose of the building new infrastructure, providing residence for its growing populace and urbanizing Columbian society.
- New Spain
- New Washington
- San Para
- Nova Greacia
- New Africa
- Tierra Del Leon
- East Cascadia
- New Kansas
- Tierra Liberada (The the 54th Contiguous state of the USC mainland. It is all of Central America apart from Mexico and the Columbian state of Panama, united to form one State. Its Capital is called "Maya Metropolis" as a nod to the Mayan people)
- Panama (The 53rd Contiguous state of the USC mainland)
- El Antillia (The 55th state of the USC)
Other Islands/Possessions: The Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas); Galapagos Islands (considered part of the USC state of Equator); Wake Island, Midway Islands, St. Helena, Tristan da Cunha, Ellice Islands, Palau Islands, Truk Islands, Marshall Islands (The Unincorporated Territories of the USC)
Unlike the United States of America, whom wouldn't accept an official national anthem until March 3, 1931, the USC has always had a stronger sense of patriotism for a much longer time and thus adopted their national anthem called "Hail Columbia" on January the 19th, 1805. The anthem was composed by Henry J. King with the following lyrics:
Hail Columbia, our homeland!'
Hail, ye heroes, heav'n-born band,
Who fought and bled in freedom's cause,'
Who fought and bled in freedom's cause,
And when the storm of war was gone'
Enjoy the peace your valor won.'
Independence be our boast'
Let its altar reach the skys'
Ever mindful what it cost'
Ever grateful for the prize'
Let its Altar Reach the skies'
Firm united let us be'
Rallying around our liberty'
As a band of brothers joined'
Peace and safety we shall find.
Sound, sound the trump of fame,
Let Lexington's great name
Ring through the world with loud applause,
Ring through the world with loud applause,
Let ev'ry clime to freedom dear,
Listen with a joyful ear,
With equal skill, with God-like pow'r
He governs in the fearful hour
Of horrid war, or guides with ease
The happier time of honest peace.
Firm, united let us be,
Rallying round our liberty,
As a band of brothers joined,
Peace and safety we shall find.
Politics & Government
The Columbian Constitution establishes the United States of Columbia as a Democratic Federation, Presidential Republic and Multi-Party Democracy where the power to appoint the country's leadership is constitutionally at the hands of the civilians through various forms of elections. Although the government has power, this power is regulated by the country's Democratic Constitution. Columbia is a nation that prides itself in its constitution and believes it is the pillar of what a modern, sane and civilized generation should look like. This is one of the reasons why it has been nicknamed The Land of Opportunity. The first nien Amendments of the constitution, otherwise known as "The Amendments for the Rights of Men" are what secure the many civil liberties and human rights that every Columbian citizen is lawfully entitled to. The Federal leadership of Columbia comprises of three branches of government which constitutionally check the powers of each other. These three federal branches are the Executive branch, Judicial branch and the Legislative branch. All these branches of government are based in the USC Capitol of Lexington AD.
The Executive branch is based in the President's Chief Condominium in Lexington AD, and comprises of the Office of the Presidency and the Federal Secretariat Council (FSC) or simply the Cabinet of Heads. The democratically elected President of the USC acts as the Head of State in the Federation as well as Commander-in-Chief of the CAF(Columbian Armed Forces). Constitutionally the President of the United States of Columbia has the power to enforce the nation's laws, decide public policy, command the nation's Army, Air Force and Navy as its highest Authority, as well as send or receive ambassadors. The President leads the executive branch and has the power to recommend laws to both the Chambers of the country's legislative body as well as veto bills passed by Congress. Although the President has the power to make treaties as well as organize agreements with foreign nations on behalf of the USC, he or she constitutionally shares this power with the CS Senate, meaning two-thirds of the Senators sitting in the Union Congress must approve the President's international agreements for them to be constitutionally valid as well as nationally active. The President also has the power to appoint Judges in the Judiciary as well as high-ranking federal officers in his branch of power in the CS Government, however the CS Senate must approve his/her appointment via a simple majority.
The other components that make up the Office of the Presidency are Vice President as well as the Federal Secretary of State. Like the CS President, the Vice President of the USC is elected into office for 5 years through the Electoral Lyceum under the Electoral Referendum Act. The Vice President serves as the President of the Senate and has the power to cast a tie-breaking vote when the Senate is equally divided on an issue, but does not have the right to vote in any other situation. Unlike in the USA, the Vice President also oversees Senate meetings by ensuring that the Senators follow the decorum (rules and regulations) of the Supreme Legislatorial Statehouse of the USC. Although regulated, the position grants one an important post in the Legislative branch in addition to being a high-ranking officer in the Executive branch. Constitutionally, the Vice President's job is to replace the President should he or she die, resign, be impeached or rendered unable to serve his position as President of the USC. Unlike the US Constitution, which is ambiguous in clarifying this, the Columbian Constitution clearly states that this "appointment to power, in which the Vice President replaces the President of the Columbian States, is to last for the remainder of that President's unfinished term".
The FSC consists of the Heads of the country's Executive Departments and other high ranking officers. The Departments headed by the FSC are responsible for a large area of government in the executive branch and hold a very vital role in Columbia's economy and society. Originally there were 14 Executive Departments, but after the 9/11 attacks on the USA & the USC in 2001, as of 2002, there are 15 Departments: Agriculture, Economic Affairs, State, Education, Housing & Urban Proliferation, Interior, Justice, Science & Energy, Defense, Treasury, Health & Medical Development, Homeland Security, Labor, Transportation and Social Services. The head of any one of these departments is referred to as its "Federal Secretary", except for the Department of Justice, who is referred to as the 'Primal Justice', as well as the Department of the Interior, who is commonly known as 'Interior Minister'. Presidents consult their Cabinet of Heads for advice and information on vital policy matters and decisions. The President appoints all these officials, but the appointments are subject to Senate approval, although the President can fire them without the need for consent from the Senate.
Unlike in the USA where President serves four years and can run for presidency as many time as he or she wishes, in the United States of Columbia the President serves for five years where he is only allowed two terms, therefore he or she Constitutionally cannot be allowed to run for office for the third time unless two thirds of the Union Congress approve and the leadership of the Judiciary does not pass an Interdict Order which would result in the case going to the Supreme Court, thus barring that particular President from participating in the elections pending a verdict from the Court.
The Judiciary comprises of the Constitutional Court, the Federal Courts of Solicitation, the Supreme Court and other lower Federal courts. The role of the Judiciary is to interpret laws passed by the Union Congress and to ascertain that they are followed. The highest court in the USC is the Supreme Court, which not only interprets laws passed by the Union Congress together with ensuring that the the laws are executed and obeyed properly but it also acts as a last resort tribunal thus meaning that its decisions and rulings cannot be appealed in Federal Courts of Solicitation. The Supreme Court is headed by the Primal Justice together with his or her other eight Affiliate Justices. Together they form the Supreme Tribunal Council (STC) of the USC and serve a very important role in projecting the concerns of the Judiciary to the Union Congress and the Executive branch of government e.g the council can decide to pass the Interdict Order which rejects a President's desire to run for office for the third time. The Supreme Court also decides on cases dealing with the interpretation of the Constitution and can overturn a law passed by the Union Congress if it deems it 'unconstitutional'.
If a certain law passed by Congress is deemed unconstitutional by the Supreme Court, then the Union Congress is allowed to take the matter up to the Constitutional Court for a final verdict. The Constitutional Court is a high court that deals primarily with Constitutional law. Its main authority is to rule on whether laws challenged are indeed unconstitutional i.e conflict with the laws and regulations of the Columbian Constitution. It also deals with matters including regional leaders such as mayors, whom the court can remove from office if deemed to be in violation the Constitution, a power it shares with USC President.
Federal Courts of Solicitation serves to hear appeals against Federal or District court decisions which it can overturn should the decision be deemed wrong. These courts have three judges and do not have jurors. They also hear out appeals against decisions made from Federal Administrative Agencies. Federal Courts hear cases involving disputes between two or more USC States, Admiralty and Corporate Law as well as cases involving bankruptcy.
Judges in the judiciary are nominated by the USC President and appointed by the Union Congress. The USC President cannot fire Judges nor can he or she alter their salaries, this ensures impartiality by protecting judges from intimidation, but a judge can be impeached by the Union Congress if found guilty of misconduct.
The Legislative branch comprises of the Bicameral Union Congress based in the Supreme Legislatorial Statehouse in Lexington DA. The Union Congress is made up of the CS Senate(Upper House) and the House of Legates(Lower House). The CS Senate comprises of 150 Senators whilst the House of Legates comprises of 350 Legates. The reason for this huge number is to ensure that the legislative branch of the government is too large for a person to run alone, thus protecting the democratic Constitution of the country.
The Union Congress is able to adopt federal laws, approve international treaties and Declare war. As the Legislative body of the USC it also holds the power to purse, power to impeach the President from power and gets the final say in the appointment of federal judges. Although the Union Congress has the power to write and pass laws, it is also subject to the regulation of the Columbian Constitution. Such as the 1st Amendment stating that Congress will pass no laws reasserting and re-establishing the subjugation and slavery of black people or any other minority in Columbia on any level, it cannot disrepute the Constitution's regard that all humans regardless of race or religion, are born equal and are entitled to being treated as human beings under the face of the law. The 2nd Amendment which starts that "The Union Congress shall pass no laws abridging the freedom of free press or free speech and expression; or the right for people to peacefully assemble, and to petition the government for a redress or indemnification of grievances. Congress is also prevented from passing laws promoting or respecting the establishment of any religion, as well as prohibiting the free exercise of the latter." is also an example of these regulations.
In contrast to the USA, the United States of Columbia's foreign policy is coherently non-aggressive on paper, although this depends on the President in power at the time as they still fight wars all over the world alongside their Sister Nation and actively participate in the War on Terror against Islamic terrorism. The USC also holds a permanent seat in the UN Security Council and also hosts the Headquarters of the United Nations in St. Liberty, USC, standing out as the UN's largest funder by far at over US$24.76 Billion,(31.53% of the UN's budget), something not all Columbians are pleased about taking into account the incompetence of the organization in handling disasters globally, at least in their eyes. The USC has a multifaceted foreign policy and as of 2015, officially maintains diplomatic relations with over 179 countries around the world. The USC also has 164 Embassies around the world whilst having 169 foreign embassies within its' territories. As one of two nations that have asserted hegemonic control over the world, the USC has a number of allies worldwide, with the United States of America and the European Union being the largest and most notable. Apart from the latter two, as of December 2003, Columbia has maintained an economic and military alliance with the newly formed Western African Federation, vowing to protect the newly formed union from French and European aggression, something France (a powerful EU member-state), the entire EU and the USA has staunchly been opposed to. The USC also maintains a strong alliance with the Republic of Korea, Japan, the Republic of China (Taiwan), and has (along with the USA) vowed to protect all three nations against Chinese aggression. The USC also maintains strong economic and political ties with Australia, the Philippines and New Zealand.
For economic purposes, the nation also has bilateral agreements with Israel, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Qatar, something a lot of Columbians are opposed to as they attribute Columbian involvement in the Middle East as one of the many reasons why its easier for America to drag the USC into conflicts in the transcontinental region, wars many see as pointless due to the fact that Columbia, unlike the USA, has massive natural oil reserves, particularly in its north-eastern parts. As a result, many Columbians believe that the only reason Columbian troops are in the Middle East is due to the Industrial-Military complex plaguing both nations, as well as the Americans taking advantage of Columbian commitments under the ATA alliance. Even so, a huge chunk of Columbians as well as Americans, see USC involvement in the Middle East as being mainly for economic reasons.
Russian-Columbian relations are but bitter-sweet, with ups and downs of economic cooperation and diplomatic tensions, a relationship that is similarly shared with the People's Republic of China. In Africa, apart from the member-states of the newly formed WAF (Western African Federation), Columbia also maintains strong diplomatic relationships with the Republic of Rwanda as well as the Fourth Republic of Nigeria. Ironically, Columbia also maintains strong economic relations with the Republic of Zimbabwe (although the USC government has been very unhappy with the current Zimbabwean government's handling of economic aid funds received from the USC as well as the violence that was associated with the country's land reforms), with the USC having actively ignored the 2002 EU sanctions on the small nation (meaning Zimbabwe could still get loans from CS financial institutions), as well as having sent C$2.8 Billion of economic aid to the small nation annually since 2003, something both the EU and the USA also oppose.
As one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, the USC plays a major role in maintaining international peace and security, with the CSN (Columbian States Navy) patrolling of international waters in an effort to battle pirates standing as one example of this. The USC is also a G7 (Group of Seven) member, and stands out as one of its' most highly Industrialized and developed countries. Militarily, Columbia, alongside the USA, usually takes a leading role in the ATO (Atlantic Treaty Organization) international military alliance, having been its largest funder for a majority of its existence, although after the Columbian Union Congress massively cut military spending last year, America is currently ATO's largest funder. In addition, the USC also maintains strong ties with the United States of America, particularly through the ATA (Amalgamation Treaty of the Americas) organization, which is their exclusive bilateral military, economic and industrial pact, one that has been in existence for more than two centuries, and is arguably responsible for the greatest alliance of all time.
In terms of foreign aid to the poor and struggling countries of the third world, the USC is by far the biggest aid donor as determined by the UN Committee for International Assistance. As of 2015, the USC is estimated to have given more than US$85.78 Billion worth of aid to the world the previous year, with only the USA coming close at US$52.33 Billion in the year 2014. Only the EU (European Union) slightly surpasses Columbian foreign aid at US$87.02 Billion, but this is only because the EU is a combination of highly developed countries. As a result, Columbia is highly reputed for its' aid to foreign countries. A great example of this, apart from Columbian foreign aid to the WAF, is how the country was the first to help the nation of Haiti after devastating earthquakes occurred there by sending humanitarian aid in the form of massive amounts of food, medical supplies, rescue teams and medical doctors, and this was all on behalf of the USC Government on top of the many USC NGOs who helped. The USC Department of State would even release a total of US$537 Million to Haiti in order to assist in it's infrastructural redevelopment and economic rehabilitation.
The Columbian Armed Forces (CAF) is the military of the United States of Columbia and comprises of three branches:
- Columbia's Liberation Army (CLA)
- Columbian States Air Force (CSAF)
- Columbian States Navy (CSN)
Columbia also maintains a large and well outfitted armed forces. The CAF is under the control of the Department of Defence and is commanded by the President. As the armed forces of a Superpower, the CS Military is arguably the most powerfullest military in the world, and although many military analysts rank it second to the United States, there's another chunk that ranks them first. The fluctuation in global rank between the Columbian Military and that of the USA has been so frequent that many have preferred calling them "Equals". This is due to the massive military expenditure of both countries, which surpasses almost the entire world combined. Military expenditure thus plays a huge role in the CAF, and even though it was recently cut by the Union Congress, the USC still spends huge amounts of money on it's armed forces, with military expenditure covering 2.05% of the nation's GDP at a massive US$592.4 Billion annually. Something not all Columbians are pleased about.
Although the armed forces is traditionally comprised of three military branches, it is tied to other military organizations e.g., it's relationship with the nation's secret agency - the OSI (Office of Secret Intelligence), as well as controlled by Government bodies e.g. the CDC (Continental Defense Council).
The Columbian military doctrine is centered around the use of fast and efficient divisions coupled with advanced technology and massive aerial support. Also, due to the nation's prehistoric geographical isolation, it puts a massive emphasis on the development of its Aerial and Naval forces so as to enable its large military the ability to project power into any battlefield around the world. This also protects their secondary doctrine of total aerial supremacy for soldiers on the ground, leading to large amounts of it's firepower being delivered via the air. As a result, Columbia fields the world's most lethal Navy and Air Force, challenged only by the United States, of whom share a similar if not exact doctrine.
The CAF has the responsibility of protecting mainland Columbia and her overseas territories from foreign aggression. Due to Columbia's massive economy, the nation possesses assets of revenue on an international scale, it is due to this that many military experts also underline the Columbian military's responsibility to also centre around the protection of the Union's foreign properties and assets, due to how many wars it's fought or as many say "Gotten involved in" alongside its Sister Nation. This analysis is also evident in the nation's active participation on the Global War on Terror. As a member of ATO, the CAF also has the responsibility of 'intervening' in conflicts where its allies face unprovoked foreign aggression, leading to Columbian troops being stationed in multiple countries around the world, including the USA.
Columbian Military Spending
Columbia's Liberation Army(CLA)
The CLA fields a massive combined army of 2.48 Million troops, with 1.6 Million acting as Frontline personnel whilst 880 000 act as reserves. This huge army also has a massive arsenal of ground vehicles and artillery on its' side, coupled with world class equipment, which is mostly produced domestically or bought from the USA in mutual retrospect. The Army's gears of war are maintained by thousands of military engineers to ensure the best possible performance from each tank, artillery piece and military vehicle. Apart from the American M16 Assault Rifle, CLA infantrymen traditionally use the RS-4 Battle Rifle, which is considered to be one of the best rifles in the world. The CSNG (Columbian States National Guard) is the sub-branch of the CLA, and is responsible for protecting each Columbian State from internal and external aggression. Another sub-branch of the army is the Columbian Special Forces Branch, which although controlled independently, still forms a part of the army. Special Forces are considered to be the most elite, well trained and equipped troops, and thus carry out special operations, usually away from the army. Like with any military, the army branch is considered the heart of the armed forces and receives the most grueling training of all.
Columbian States Air Force (CSAF)
The Columbian States Air force is considered the most prestigious branch in the Columbian military, accounting for exactly 42 percent of the Columbian military's budget at exactly 242.8 Billion USD, more than what entire countries combined spend on their whole militaries. Operating 13 444 Aircrafts, it is by far the most powerful Air force in the world, with only the USAF rivaling it. The reason for such a large emphasis on aerial warfare as well as aircrafts in general is due to the Columbian military doctrine, which prioritizes air and naval firepower above all else. This has led the new world to possess more planes than entire world powers combined. The technology incorporated by the Columbians to their Air force is considered the best in the world, being one of only two nations to field fifth-generation aircrafts. After WWII, the Columbian States Paratroopers Force (CSPF) had been recognized as an official sub-branch of the Air force, and field the largest and most skilled paratroopers in the entire world. Even though their numbers have vastly dwindled due to the military's emphasis on helicopters as well as the world's advancements in Anti-Aircraft technology, it is because of such a sub-branch that the Columbian military is regarded as being the only military in the world to possess an "Army in the Skies".
- Active Personnel: 1.6 million
- Reserve Personnel: 880 000
- Tanks: 6355
- Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs): 25 478
- Armored Fighting Vehicles (AFVs): 37 890
- Rocket Artillery: 1780
- Towed Artillery: 1560
- Self Propelled Artillery: 1120
- Total Aircraft: 13 444
- Multirole Aircraft: 3472
- Attack Aircraft: 1237
- Fighter Aircraft: 1189
- Bomber Aircraft: 1012
- Gunship Helicopters: 1322
- Helicopters: 4567
- Total Naval Assets: 557
- Aircraft Carriers: 22
- Battleships: 23
- Amphibious Assault Ships: 12
- Cruisers: 44
- Destroyers: 152
- Corvettes: 38
- Frigates: 42
- Mine Warfare Vessel: 28
- Submarines: 86
On paper, the Union's economy exhibits the deregulation and minimal subsidization of a laissez-faire capitalist country. However, the extreme intervention of the government in certain markets e.g. public transit; national defense etc. is characteristic of state capitalism, which significantly rose after the World Wars of the 20th Century. This means that the USC operates a Mixed Capitalist Economy, where although a massive part of the economy is controlled by capital, elements of Socialism are applied. On a national level, Columbia's markets are dominated by corporations and monopolies in sparse competition, whilst small local businesses flourish on their social advantage in retail. The Columbian Federal Reserve Bank as well as the UN Office for Global Economics estimates Columbia's GDP to be around US$28,899,576,000,000, by far the largest in the world.
Due to its high GDP, the USC's calculated GDP per capita is US$56,294, a characteristic that cements the nation's people as one of the most wealthiest in the world. Even so, these numbers do not reflect the median or minimum income of Columbian workers and citizens. This is due to the fact that like in the USA, inflating measurements of wealth frequently show that a very prominent portion of Columbian capital is held by rich conglomerates, businessmen, moguls, magnates and other powerful capitalists. This has a huge influence on Columbian politics, something that not all Columbians are pleased about. Even so, the nation has a stable, prosperous, high-income economy that is fueled by an abundance in natural resources, capital, high-tech, skilled labor and high levels of investments in mechanization and technology.
As things stand, Columbia is the world's largest exporter, and the world's second largest importer of visible goods. This is proven by the fact that in 2014 (last year), Columbia's cumulative value of exports amounted to a massive total of US$3.778 Trillion. What's even more phenomenal about this is the fact that Columbia has one of the world's most diversified export commodities (e.g. sugar, soy, maize, gold, crude oil, refined petroleum, electronic equipment and computers, cars and vehicle parts, weapons, aircrafts and aviation components, heavy chemicals, industrial machinery, precious metals, pharmaceuticals, agro-industrial products etc.). Although Columbia clearly makes a lot of revenue via its exports, as the world's largest market, it imports massive amounts of goods and services, with the total value of 2014's imports amounting to a massive US$4.398 Trillion, meaning the nation ran a massive trade deficit of US$620 Billion, although a massive improvement when compared to prior years. Economists account this improvement to Columbia's massive military budget cuts and a slight increase on trade tariffs to goods coming into the country from the People's Republic of China, the European Union and even the United States of America, Columbia's largest trading partners.
Columbia operates a post-Industrial economy, although the nation is still heavily industrialized in many respects. As a result, even though Columbia accounts for over 22% of global manufacturing, the nation has an economy that is largely business driven, with an overwhelmingly massive service sector. This can be attributed to the massive movement of Columbian Industry to other countries around the world, particularly China, a fact not all Columbians, let alone Americans, are pleased about. Due to this, in 2014, the composition of the Columbian GDP as per economic sector showed that Agriculture and related food producers had a gross output of US$2.080 Trillion (7.2% of nominal GDP), Mining had a gross output of US$1.213 Trillion (4.2% of nominal GDP), Industry and Manufacturing had a gross output of US$5.461 Trillion (18.9% of nominal GDP), whilst Service US$20.142 Trillion (69.7% of nominal GDP).
Although many economists cite Columbia's economic growth potential as having reached its peak (largely due to its massive GDP, which many attribute as a reason for slow growth empirically when assessing GDP growth rate percentages) the country's financial stability and structural reliance is one of the main reasons why it has a relatively high credit rating. Although the country has been through a series of economic crises, with the 2008 Financial Crisis being the latest, the IMF (International Monetary Fund) has commended the Columbian economy's resilience. Even so, the IMF has pointed out Columbia's escalating problem with national debt, plus the crash of 2008 has raised some concerns among members of the international community. Regardless of this, Columbia's advantage in owning the institution that prints one of the world's most important currency notes - Columbian Dollar (C$), as well as its relatively high fiscal reserves, are cited as a relatively useful tool to mobilize when addressing financial emergencies. As a result, although its economy was hurt by the financial crisis of 2008, it made a speedy recovery afterwards, with economic growth rates being stabilized via government intervention and the aforementioned tools.
On December 2014, the Labour Productivity Index determined that the labor productivity of the Columbian States was 77.9%, with an unemployment rate of 2.4%. Due to this, the same index, together with financial institutions from all around the world, it has been determined by experts that Columbia has a highly skilled and efficient workforce, and this is proven by the fact that the country has a massive labour force that cumulates to a total of 326,400,000, the world's third largest behind China and India. The productivity of this massive labour force is bolstered by transparent government policies, high levels of economic freedom, and an independent judicial system, which is attributed as one of the main reasons why the country maintains steady economic growth even though smaller countries like the newly formed Western African Federation (WAF), and even larger countries like the People's Republic of China (PRC) are experiencing a massive economic boom due to a transference of Columbian Industry to other parts of the world (particularly the aforementioned countries).
Although the Columbian economy is highly prosperous, it has seen a slow over the decades due to a variety of reasons. Many Columbian civilians blame the US government, which is notorious for dragging the Columbian military into its overseas conflicts via their ATA alliance, who's Article 6 of the ATA Defense Charter of 1867 states that "both countries, in the event of conflict, are obligated to commit resources, manpower and finances in the defensive interests of the other, regardless of who the aggressor is". Due to this article, the USC has been obligated to help America fight multiple wars around the world, which many Columbians attribute as one of the main reasons for most of Columbia's issues, whether economic, migratory, political, social etc. Although the Harvey Administration (1969 - 1979), after the disastrous war in Vietnam, looked to change this article by pressuring the executive of the USA at the time - the Ford Administration (1974 - 1977), his efforts ultimately failed as Article 1, of the ATA Founding Charter of 1795, clearly states that "Decisions partaking to this pact's operation must be decided on a collective basis, meaning neither country has the authority to unilaterally make decisions partaking to this organization's running. This also includes amendments to the provisions that configurate the organization, and although the executive administrations of both countries has leeway when it comes to the many decisions made with regards to this alliance's running, the Union Congress as well as the US Congress must approve amendments made to the provisions governing this organization as they are each country's legislature respectively", meaning to change Article 6 of the ATA Defense Charter, both the Union Congress of Columbia and the US Congress MUST agree to it, and although there was sizeable support for President Benjamin T. Harvey's proposal in the Union Congress, this was not the case when it came to the US Congress, which, together with US President Gerald R. Ford, opposed any amendment to the latter article. As a result, Columbia has continued to be constantly dragged into conflicts on the other side of the world. Although the Union Congress has, on multiple occasions, attempted to present a bill that would help change this, it has largely been impeded by Article 1 of the Founding Charter, and since economic sanctions and/or restrictions against the USA were not fathomable, a chunk of Columbians civilians has advocated for an exit from ATA altogether, something that has been largely opposed in both the USA and the USC. As a result, conflicts largely sparked and maintained by the USA, have expended trillions of dollars from the USC, which has obviously culminated in wild spending for the country, leading to the accumulation of massive national debt.
This controversial matter has however been tackled with last year's massive military budget cuts, with the Union Congress agreeing to cut military spending by over US$404.55 Billion amid protests nationwide via an amendment of the National Approbation of Defense Policy Act for the 2015 fiscal year, reducing defense spending from 2014's US$996.95 Billion (close to a trillion), to US$592.40 Billion this year (a massive reduction of about 40.58%). Even so, the United States Executive branch, as well as the American public at large, has opposed this reduction via the ATA Chief-Administrative Council. In response to American outcries, the council has appointed a committee - the ATA Commission for Columbian Military Spending, composing of Senators from both the Union Congress as well as the US Congress (with each respective Parliament receiving a 50% seat). This Commission will determine whether or not Columbia's astronomical military budget cut, is indeed, a contravention of Article 6 of the ATA Defense Charter of 1867. Many Columbian civilians have accused the US government of meddling in Columbia's internal affairs by pushing for this commission, and have been opposed to its proceedings entirely as many have argued that their country will still be contributing to the ATA's collective military budget, thus still abiding by Article 6 of the said Charter, as they are continuing to contribute to the military development and maintenance of the Western Hemisphere, just not as much as they used to. Many Americans are staunchly opposed to Columbia's budget cuts, feeling that Columbia is burdening the USA with financing the defense of the ATA, thus the defense of both nations. This is why Americans were exceptionally angry when the Committee appointed by the Chief-Administrative Council of the ATA refused to grant the White House its interdict order (which would have, if the Union Congress complied, compelled Columbia to revert its military budget to its previous one, pending the proceedings of the newly appointed ATA Committee), even so, the White House did salvage something due to the fact that the Committee, instead of granting America its interdict order, stipulated that Columbia must not further cut its defense budget amid the proceedings of the commission. As a result, representatives of the White House and the Chief Condominium (along with their respective lawyers) will be arguing this matter (starting this year) in the newly appointed ATA Commission for Columbian Defense Spending. Even though the Sister Nations, like many times before, will be solving their major disputes via the ATA alliance, economists from both countries, as well as those internationally, are of the view that America's staunch opposition to Columbia's 2015 Military budget is absolutely unnecessary, as there are many defense corporations from both countries, including some defense corporations from Western Europe, that are likely to entice the Columbian government to increase spending again due to Columbia's international prestige, as well as international commitments, even though it might take time for it to be restored to its 2014 figures.
Although Columbia has a massive economy, badly applied spending habits as well as its trade deficit has led to the country accumulating massive amounts of debt. A March 16, 2015 review by the Columbian Federal Reserve Bank, as well as a February 2, 2015 statistical analysis by both the UN Office for Global Economics as well as the World Economic Forum, have given confirmation to the fact that Columbia's national debt has towered to over US$17,918,455,754,339, which is about 62% of the country's GDP. Also, corruption is becoming an increasing problem within the USC, as due to the latest reviews that were published by the Global Corruption Barometer and the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) of the Transparency International e.V, the USC is ranked as the 22nd least corrupt nation on earth, although good empirically, it is largely the opposite considering the fact that the nation has fallen from the 14th position, something it lost in 1992, and has yet to reclaim it to this day. As a result of this, Columbia's reputation for efficiency and lack of corruption, has slowly declined over the years, although it largely still maintains it.
- The stats on this article reflects the world in the year 2015
- AFRO Movement: The AFRO(Africans Fighting Racism & Oppression) movement was a massive protest initiative by Afro-Columbians from the 1840s to the 1860s, that mobilized black people in a bid to end segregation, racism and oppression in the USC, particularly the Western States, which maintained the harshest segregation laws of all. The protest action was also aimed at ending slavery in the USA, and by 1860, had almost resulted in Columbia's exit from the ATA alliance. The initiative is considered to having succeeded in 1865 with the passing of the AFRO Act, which was legislation that would (along with the Integrationist Act of 1866) pioneer the creation of institutions that would uplift Afro-Columbians and try by all means to achieve substantive equality in Columbian society, The government's response to the movement received bad commentary from most parts of Europe and North America, but the Columbian government didn't care, and is thus today celebrated as the only government in world history to have taken such action towards the promulgation of human rights. This movement is one of the main inspirations from which the Civil Rights Movement in the USA, emerged.
- Although the Capital is referred to as Lexington AD, the "AD" part of this name is abbreviated from "District of America", even though the abbreviation itself is clearly vice-versa.