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United States of GermanyTimeline: Principia Moderni IV (Map Game)
Vereinigte Staaten von Deutschland
OTL equivalent: Germany
|Other cities||Trier, Düsseldorf, Bremen, Dortmund, Frankfurt, Vienna|
|Regional Languages||Polish, Hungarian, Danish, South Slavic, Dutch|
|Ethnic groups||Germanic, Slavic, Italian|
|Government||Federal Constitutional Republic|
|-||Chancellor||Franz von Rosenvelt|
|-||1943 estimate||105 million (including colonies)|
The United States of Germany or Germany (also known as the Third Realm) is a country located mainly in Northern Europe along with some land in Africa. It is currently the third(?) incarnation of "Germany" that was formed after hundreds of years of attempts to unite the main German countries in Europe (mainly regions that were part of former Austria, Prussia, and Rhineland). The first being the German Empire (also known as the First Realm) while the second was the Kingdom of the Germans (also known as the Second Realm) (Rhineland).
When the Nathanist Union of Germany (OTL German Confederation) was formed in 1907 to allow closer collaboration between German states, Prussia (East Germany) redeveloped ambitions to unite Germany, but under a different approach - one of diplomacy rather than through conquest. Prussia called a meeting between German states (mainly Austria and Rhineland) in Hannover, culminating what would be known as the Hannover Agreement. Rhineland also had similar ambitions, but those were extinguished upon Prussian pressure, they decided to sign the Hannover Agreement on 1909. Austria followed through as well by 1912.
War of the Rhine
Rise of Nathanism and the War with Iberia
The Provisional Government of Germany was formed in 1910 but was declared by 1911 by the Provisional Government from the temporary Volkstag in Hannover. All friendly nations are invited to the celebration of the formation of the new German unified state. Election of a new German Chancellor will happen later in 1912 that would mark the end of the Provisional government.
The German State at the time of its formation holds well over 55+ million people with their addition of roughly 14 million from Rhineland. Austria would add another ten million to the table. Since the addition of Rhineland, the national army (Vereintwehr, "United Defense") alone numbers over one million troops due to the combined force of former Rhenish and Prussian troops. The German government holds that all states are allowed to have state militias (Volkswehr, "People's Defense") no bigger than 100,000 troops (depending on population) until it was reduced to 10,000. The provisional government enacts its first acts for infrastructure; roads, railways, factories, and other places were being built to connect Rhineland and Prussia.
The German government provided secret funding into Austria and Rhineland to help encourage pro-unification movements and events. Mainly in Austria to start a pro-unification revolution or coup around next year, propaganda for unification were around since the formation of the Nathanist Union but such effort has been renewed in order to cross beyond the country to neighboring German States to help ‘push the population’ toward a favorable view on unification.
Seeing it is the due date has past 1910, the German diplomats offered a unification (Hannover Agreement) agreement to Austria one last time, citing that Belka has signed the treaty while they were occupying Austria. The Austrians agreed.
In October, the German election of 1912 has now held three main parties of Germany. Prior to this, many were concerned with the addition of dozens of new parties that registered for the German Volkstag dividing the nation. However, the Prussian Neutral Party has allied itself with other centrist parties and later formed coalition by late summer of 1912, prompting other parties to do the same, resulting in the German Conservative Party, the German Liberal Party, and the German Union Party. The election of October 1912 resulted in the election of Ludwig Drumpf to the office of Chancellorship, signaling the end of German provisional government by next year. Ludwig Drumpf has drawn up plans to divide the states into more organized regions in the future along with plans to expand and connect German infrastructure and industry around the nation.
On a more local level, celebrations were made with Austria agreeing to German unification. The German provisional government marches its 100,000 troops through Austria to its borders on the Summer of 1912 to enforce this. Signifying the completion of German unification. News around the nation of Germany and Austria were (required to be) published with a Pro-occupation view along with Nathanism, Austria will become a state by 1913. The German government works to expand its infrastructure and factories into Austria. With the acquisition of Austria as a territory, the German industrial machine has almost three times its might/quantity since complete unification.
He also adds that Germany will hold a ‘non-interventionist’ policy, witnessing the recent war fervor spreading across continents - but wishes to still participate in European affairs for their position as a new rising 'great' power to be taken seriously. German companies in the region have taken an interest in expanding their hold around the states. The old hierarchical system starts to shift into a new order.
A new hierarchical class is being developed in the post-unification era since 1910. They are typically called the “oligarchs” (OTL based on Russian Oligarchs), business savvy persons who have taken advantage of post-unification to expand their businesses across the German States to get richer. They are developing a profound influence on German politics for the foreseeable future. Nobles may also hold the ‘oligarch’ title, as they are also influential and most are quite wealthy.
The rise of Germany was recognized by many nations as having been capable of tipping the scales in the Great War. French and Burgundian(or Borealian) offers were made to help push Germany towards any side of the war. Despite this, Germany chose to officially remain out of the war due to having good relations on both sides. But does agree to help provide arms towards any side, allowing themselves to profit on both sides of the war. Poland had worked to increase relations with the rising power via trade. And Germany had became a long time trading partner of both sides in the war.
Meanwhile, the nation is yet again gearing up for its second election in 1917 of who will become chancellor. Whether Ludwig Drumpf will be able to retain his position or will be voted out in favor of a new chancellor. By October, Ludwig Drumpf will remain as chancellor and he will be re-inaugurated on January 3, 1918.
Shortly before this, Ludwig Drumpf announces that he is breaking up each state into at least three or four separate states, making a total of ten states: Brandenburg (direct continuation of Prussia), Pommerania, Silesia, East Prussia, Hannover (direct continuation of Rhineland), Wurttemberg, Bavaria, Tyrol, Carinthia, and Salzburg. The first periodic table was created, but it has a long way to go (HERE, feel free to contribute so long as you ask).
Germany would follow Poland in 1919 for the creation of a program (except this would be intended to be international) to help economically assist post-war nations. This would help cover post-wartime industries, reduce predicted post-war economic retraction, prove status, and get better relations. Although, the spread of the Trench Flu (Spanish Flu OTL) has stifled this.
As a result of trade, Germany became exposed to the Trench Flu. The German government quarantined and isolate the spread of the flu by ordering lock downs of every state in the nation. However, despite this, the flu had claimed 150,000 German lives since the start of the year and has well over three million cases per year (including this one). The large number of German deaths were heavily reported by newspapers, leading to debates whether the government should be efficient enough to run things in its current form.
Two new ideologies arose to meet this; Utilitarianism and Technocratism (Technocracy). Utilitarianism came from mainland Germany, arguing that the best course of action for the government is to enact policies that will satisfy the most people and thus regarded as most utility.
Technocracy came from intellectuals who escaped to the German colony of New Hessia (which later spread to mainland). Technocrats argue that the solution to many of the German government's problems is through conversion of Germany to a 'future utopia' via replacing government officials with Engineers, Scientists, and Economists in order to achieve a paradise for intellectuals around the world. Both ideologies clash in a couple ways. Utilitarians argue that Engineers, Scientists, and Economists have little political experience and are too idealist, saying being the center of technology is a lot less realistic. Technocrats argue against Utilitarianism with the ideology favors corporatism and bureaucracy, that such a decentralized system of governance would result in a less efficient state.
On what will be known as "Black Tuesday", on March 9th, sees the largest economic meltdown in Belkan history. Huge war debt coupled with little demand cause the markets to slide as panic grips the nation. The panic spreads across Europe as the stock exchanges in Valencia, Paris, London, and Novgorod all see similar losses. In Arcadia, Borealia's market is shattered and the government is forced to default on its debt. Brésil attempts to prevent the market collapse by implementing trade controls to no avail and by March 15th the recession is global.
Prior to the recession, the German government attempted to support their economy via production to other countries in the global economy. When the recession hits in mid-March 1920, the German economy had stopped growth and went on a slow decline throughout March before catching up with the rest of the world in the recession. Since April 1920, the German economic system was dragged down by its neighbors and its economy has led to a sharp decline, leading to growing criticism of the current government in power. Hundreds of thousands of Germans left the mainland for better opportunities abroad. Regulations were put into place by the German government and the slow recovery around the world had helped pushed unemployment down from a peak of 23% to 17%. Full recovery is projected by the beginning of 1925 with less than 6% unemployment, but a full recovery would not happen until 1928.
This made the two ideologies of Utilitarianism and Technocracy even more valid, and the two has exponentially increased in popularity throughout the year. Technocrats the most. In order to appease or stifle the growing power of technocracy, the German government enacted reforms to slowly break down size and impact of the corporations via regulations in case they fail and bring everyone else with them. In order to secure long term trade.
Germany declared a new project that the Baltic Sea should be for free and safe passage. A safe zone for assets to be moved about without much fear of attack. Intending for it to be a safe zone for trade compared to other troubled waters. Any nations that attack any ship within the Baltic Sea would raise German ire. This would help push free trade in the Baltic Sea, although using German dominance or observance. In order to stifle the recession and help resolve international politics to prevent another devastating global war, Germany invited influential powers to help establish the "Concert of Nations" in the Berlin International Treaty. The effort has been forgotten as the world is not yet ready for an international organization, although this may inspire future international organizations.
When the Rhenish Germans in Burgundy sought for assistance in Germany, the German government responded with sympathy for the rebels and show support for their independence. However, they do not want to go into a conflict with their neighbor as of this time due to the current state of the world. As such, Germany would agree to negotiate on the Germans in Transrhinia’s (I think Saarland, Transrhenia, or OTL Cisrhenia would look or sound better in this) behalf. Technocrats and Utilitarian ideologies in Germany had formed their own parties by now, competing with the current establishment for the 1922 election.
The Technocratic party won the election of 1922, and its inauguration of a new Chancellor: Franz von Rosenvelt (OTL Franklin D. Roosevelt) on 1923. The slow recovery around the world had helped pushed unemployment down from a peak from 17% to 13%. The neighboring war between Poland and Russia pushed it farther down by the end of the year to 11% due to a boost in a small wartime economy and other preparations.
Germany was horrified that Poland decided to invade Russia at this time, especially of their size. The new German chancellor, von Rosenvelt, called this a “suicidal war”. Worried about German company assets and investments being captured or destroyed during the war, the German government urges Poland to surrender to prevent further consequences. The German government began to form an alternate government of Poland in case Poland collapses or is losing the war - and made preparations to intervene in the Russo-Polish War to help install the government in the west by next year to prevent collapse and stationed 200,000 troops each (400,000 total) at their Eastern and Western borders in case things get out of hand, such as Polish or Rhenish migrants.
To avoid a direct war with the other Intermarium members (assuming it is a defensive alliance), Germany declared that it will join the war on Russia’s defensive side on the reason to protect German assets and investments in Poland. They joined the war intended to protect (Poland) and take control of the situation for a few years. After which, the government planned to go back to neutrality once the threats are pretty much over. Germany urges other Intermarium states to stay out of the conflict.
The German air force of around 100 planes and artillery is sent forward ahead of the marching army to bomb any military targets. Paving the way for a trident attack (pincer attack with a large force coming through the middle). The army is divided into three groups: Army Group A (Eastern Prussia/Pommerania), Army Group B (Brandenburg), and Army Group C (Silesia). Group A and C (consisting of 100,000 troops each) will be supported by very mobile vehicles and will come from North and South respectively to occupy as much territory as possible while Group B of 200,000 men will come through the middle. The battle (blitz?) of Western Poland resulted in an overwhelming German victory in a fight of 400,000 Germans with 300,000 Polish troops (the rest of them were occupied with Russia) and effectively pushed the western lines to Warsaw. This all should happen while the 900,000 Polish troops are in Russia in a rush of Lightning warfare (pretty much OTL blitzkrieg). Germany once again urged Poland to quickly surrender so that they will avoid a worse fate, and that Germany is willing to help rebuild.
Reaching Warsaw, German forces surrounds Polish forces in Warsaw to cut them off from the rest of their forces, while avoiding fights with the rest of the forces and begins a siege on it earlier in the year with 300,000 men (empty positions were filled from reserves) against 200,000 Poles in the city (the rest are in the countrysides). Later in the year, this results in the German capture of most of the city after suffering almost 80,000 casualties (KIA/MIA/WIA) and 5,000 Germans were captured, while the Poles 100,000 suffered casualties (KIA/MIA/WIA) with 30,000 captured. Heavy usage of Kriegwulfs (or Wulfkriegers), a program to train dogs (that meet certain requirements) to help protect/rescue wounded soldiers, cover a squad's retreat, flanking, reduce number of MIA units, or assist in clearing/scouting out buildings were heavily used in the battle.
Tensions between Russia and Germany reach a heightened state after a troop of Russian Cavalry soldiers is mistakenly ambushed by a German regiment in Poland. The Regiment then comes under artillery fire by Russian batteries after reports of unknown hostiles are made known. The German apologize for the incident and we will offer to pay reparations/compensation after the war so we can move past this, a conflict at this level would be a huger cost than needed and would stall progress.
Eventually, the Polish government capitulates in January 1926 from pressures on both sides. The Germans would invite Russia for plans on post-war Poland, but a direct response never came. Nevertheless, the war had ended German non-interventionism for quite a while.
While Russians occupy east of the Vistula river, the Germans occupy the west of the Vistula river. They made plans to set up a more neutral Polish nation-state (although with elements of technocracy), the new government of Poland that was set up a couple years prior will temporarily be hosted in Lodz. The new government would be called the "Republican State of Poland", although it was referred to as "West (or Western) Poland". The Germans supported the unification of India and companies invested arms in it for oil.
The aftermath of the Russo-Polish war (and German investments for oil) has allowed the Germans, along with the French, to lead the world in an economic recovery in 1927. Chancellor Von Rosenvelt became extremely popular, to which led to his safe re-election in 1927 elections. The German government took advantage of this and expended on new technologies, mainly military, in order to close or surpass the technological gap that had been built up prior to German unification. By late 1930, Germany pulled the last of its troops out of Poland.
Each term lasts for five years.