Alternative History

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Kenya

Hugh Cholmondeley, 3rd Baron Delamere (28 April 1870 – 13 November 1931) was a British Peer and one of the most influential leaders among the Whites in Kenya and the first Prime Minister of Kenya from 1921 until 1928. His actions to annex vast amounts of former crowd land led to disagreements between the British Royalist government in Canada and the African and Asian inhabitants of Kenya, which ultimately led to his, and the white government’s downfall after the Kenyan Revolution.

The efforts of Harry Thuku and Jomo Kenyatta to gain foreign support for the Kenyan Nationalist cause resulted in a shipment of supplies from the Left-leaning government of Ramsay MacDonald in the British Commonwealth, as well as mercenaries from the Soviet Union. The MacDonald government wanted to gain allies in the former Empire, and signed the Thuku-MacDonald Agreement, which guaranteed support for Kenyan Independence and democracy and the creation of an economic agreement between Britain and Kenya.

Politics of Kenya

DBWI: Churchill

Kimgdom of Hanover
Königreich Hannover (German)
Timeline: German Heritage
Flag Coat of arms
CapitalHanover
Official languages German
Religion Protestant
Catholic
Demonym Hanoverian
Government Unitary parliamentary Constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch Ernest Augustus II
 -  Chancellor Ernst von Richter (VLP)
Currency Vereinsthaler
Time zone CET

UKR

Kingdom of Ukraine
Королівство України (Ukrainian)
Timeline: German Heritage
Flag of Ukraine Coat of arms
Anthem: 
Shche ne vmerla Ukraina
CapitalKiev
Largest city Kiev
Official languages Ukrainian
Regional languages Russian
Religion Orthodox Christian
Demonym German
Government Unitary Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
 -  Monarch (King) Leo Stefan (Vasyl Vilnyy)
 -  Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk
Legislature Parliament
 -  Recognition  
Population
 -  August 2018 estimate 50 million 
Currency Hryvnia (UAH)
Time zone EET
Date formats dd.mm.yyyy
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .ua

==Politics Politics in the Canary Islands are divided by the issue of national identity - whether the Canaries are Spanish, or part of a separate Canarian identity. Due to the proportional allotment of seats in elections, no single party can gain a complete majority and must enlist other smaller parties to create a majority. The current coalition consists of the People’s Party and Progressive Party

Ottoman Empire

As German-Ottoman relations rapidly deteriorated as a result of the Caucasian dispute, Germany began gradually withdrawing from the continued Middle-Eastern war. In September 1918, the Ottoman Empire under Enver Pasha invaded Georgia in an attempt to overthrow the pro-German government. The remaining German forces in Turkey were interned and the advance against the Hejaz halted as the Ottoman war machine geared towards the grand offensive.

As Germany separated from Turkey, it began to support the movements that it had previously fought against - the Hashemite Arab Revolt and the Armenian Rebels.

As the war began to turn against Turkey (around February 1919), popular Turkish opinion turned against the imperial government and the rule of the Three Pashas.

Previous:

World War I

Collapse of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman troops.jpg
Beginning:

18 September 1918

End:

7 May 1921

Place:

Turkey, Armenia, Georgia, Arabia, Azerbaijan

Outcome:

Nationalist and Separatist Victory

Combatants

Flag of Georgia (1918-1921).svg Georgia
Flag of the First Republic of Armenia.svg Armenia
Flag of Hejaz 1917.svg Arab Revolutionaries

Commanders
  • Flag of Ukraine.svg Isaak Mazepa
  • Flag of Ukraine.svg Borys Martos
  • Flag of Ukraine (with coat of arms).svg Pavlo Skoropadskyi
  • Flag of Ukraine (with coat of arms).svg Danylo Skoropadskyi
  • (BL)EastGermany.svg Friedrich Werner von der Schulenburg
Strength
Casualties and Losses
  • Total: 2,000 total MIA or KIA
I

{{{side2casualties}}}

| side2casualties =

  • Total: 4,000 total

}}

The Collapse of the Ottoman Empire is a term used to describe the events that took place from the end of World War I in March 1918 until the End of the Turkish Revolution in 1921.

Included with this period are; the Ottoman-Georgian War, the Ottoman-Armenian War, the later Arab Revolt and the Turkish National Revolution.

PRIME MO

  • UBD:
  • Paul Schiemann (1924-1930)
  • Andrievs Niedra (1930-1940)
  • Alfred Rosenberg (1940-1954)
  • Uldis Ģērmanis (1954-1962)
  • Oskars Perro (1962-1966)
  • Walter Zapp (1966-1974)
  • (1974-1980)
  • Lennart Meri (1980-1981)
  • Latvia:
  • Jānis Streičs (1981-1989)
  • Stanislaw Subrabkalms (1989-2001)
  • Andris Šķēle (2001-2009)
  • Anna Kucinskis (2009-2017)
  • Raimonds Vējonis (2017-)

Prime Ministers of British Government-in-Exile (1917-1954)

Regional Assemblies

Population 4,000,000 (excluding Bristol and Cornwall)

  • 25,000 = 1 Seat = 160 Seats/81 Needed for a Majority
Green Party: 55
Independents: 54
National: 34
Progressive Party: 10
Forward Britain: 7

Alt PM List

  • Brown (1942-1953)
  • Mosley (1953-1955)
  • Morrison (1955-1958)
  • Gaitskell (1958-1968)
  • Callaghan (1968-1971)
  • Heath (1971-1981)
  • Healey (1981-1991)
  • Smith (1991-1994)
  • Major (1994-1997)
  • Rifkind (1997-2007)
  • Hague (2007-2009)
  • Harman (2009-2014)
  • Benn (2014-)

John Major (born 29 March 1943) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the British Commonwealth and Leader of the Progressive Party from 1994 to 2004. Major was the Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Smith Government from 1993 until the death of Smith in 1994, at which point Major won the resulting leadership election. A member of the “soft left” of the Progressive Party,

Prime Minister Party Term Notes
9 Denis Healey
(1917–2015)
Labour 7 October 1981
-
17 November 1990
10 John Smith Crop.jpg John Smith
(1938–1994)
Labour 17 November 1990
-
12 May 1994
11 John Major.jpeg John Major
(1943–)
Labour 21 July 1994
-
4 May 1996
A Progressive on the “soft left” of the party, Major became Prime Minister after the death of John Smith. During his short tenure, Britain officially joined the Pan-European Community after years of negotiation.

2002

54,500,000 total population (2001) = 683 Seats 502 PR Seats 181 Con Seats

  • SW - 4,200,000 = 18/35 ConSeats - 11 FDP, 6 National, 1 Green
  • London - 6,200,000 = 26/52 ConSeats - 17 FDP, 4 National, 3 Progressive, 2 Greens
  • Wales - 2,000,000 = 9/17 ConSeats 87 - 6 FDP, 1 Progressive, 2 Plaid
  • Scotland 4,200,000 = 18/35 ConSeats - 10 FDP, 7 SNP, 1 Progressive,
  • SE - 6,500,000 = 27/54 ConSeats 227 - 17 FDP, 9 National, 1 Green
  • East - 4, 500,000 = 19/38 Seats 173 - 10 National, 9 FDP,
  • EMid - 3,500,000 = 15/29 Seats 135 - 6 FDP, 6 National, 3 Progressive
  • WMid - 1,700,000 = 9/14 Seats 106 - 2 Nat, 5 FDP, 2 Pro.
  • YRK - 4,000,000 = 19/33 Seats 92 - 10 National, 6 Progressive, 3 FDP
  • NE - 1,600,000 = 9/13 Seats 59 - 5 National, 3 Progressive, 1 FDP
  • NW - 5,500,000 = 23/46 Seats - 9 Progressive, 7 FDP, 7 National

342 Needed for a majority

  • FDP - Tony Blair - 36.6% - 82 CS + 184PR = 259 Total
  • National - William Hague 28.8% - 59 CS + 145PR = 204 Total
  • Progressive - Jack Straw 21.8% - 28 CS + 109PR = 137 Total
  • Greens - Mike Woodin 7.2%- 3 CS + 36 PR = 39 Total
  • SNP 1.9% - 7 CS + 10PR = 17 Total
  • Liberal - 1.2% = 6
  • PC 0.7% - 2CS + 3PR = 5 Total
  • Socialist Labour 0.3% - 2 Total

Germany

1936 Reichstag (GH).jpeg

  DNVP: 288 seats
  DVP: 38 seats
  ADP: 4 seats
  Zentrum: 156 seats
  DDP: 27 seats
  BVP: 25 seats
  SDVP: 19 seats
  SPD: 243 seats

https://tools.wmflabs.org/parliamentdiagram/svgfiles/2019-09-27-17-39-48-431498-2764495987408264068.svg

Belgium

Free State of Antwerp
Vrijstaat Antwerpen (Dutch)
Freistaat Antwerpen (German)
German Economic Protectorate

1918–1996
Motto
“Eenheid door beproevingen”
(Unity through Trials)
Antwerp.
Capital Antwerp
Official language Dutch, Flemish
Religion Protestant, Catholic
Government Semi-independent Parliamentary Republic
High Commissioner
 - 1918–1923 Karl von Starck
 - 1986-1996 Frank-Walter Steinmeier
President of the Assembly
 - 1919-1946 Camille Huysmans (Labour)
 - 1986-1996 Leona Detiège (Labour)
History
 - Established November 3, 1918
 - Disestablished November 3, 1996
Today part of Flag of Belgium.svg Belgium

The 1918 Treaty of Rotterdam established two city-states, Ghent and Antwerp. These states were to be under an “Exclusive Economic Relationship” with the German Empire.

BEL1934

  • Labour 36.1%
  • Rexist 2
  • Catholic
  • VVP
  • Liberal
  • Communist
  • VNV

Belgium

In 1918, King Albert and the government returned humiliated. There was no victorious crowds, no proud soldiers. When the soldiers did come home, they were now the symbols of a grand failure - a painful memory. Belgium had been devastated—not so much by combat, but rather by German seizure of valuable machinery. Only 81 operable locomotives remained, out of the 3,470 available in 1914. 46 of 51 steel mills were damaged, with 26 destroyed totally. More than 100,000 houses had been destroyed, as well as more than 300,000 acres of farmland. In the Treaty of Rotterdam, Belgium was forced to make huge concessions to the German Empire. Much of the eastern parts of the Liège Province and Belgian Luxembourg were ceded to the Reich, and the ports and surrounding cities of Antwerp and Bruges were made into “states under exclusive German economic and military sovereignty”. The years immediately following the War were marked by widespread political agitation - to the left, the banned Communist legions dominated the urban and rural areas as many desperate Belgians were forced into the political extremes, and to the right, the nationalist “Free Corps” offered a purpose to unemployed soldiers returning home.

“In the Military, in the government, in the ministries and in the courts, they is only one God, and his name is Rosenberg - Attributed to Emile Vandervelde during his imprisonment, c.1922

The German Ambassador[1] Hans von Rosenberg was often seen visiting the King, the ministries and the high courts and is sometimes known as de facto ruler of Belgium from 1918-1933. As ambassador, Rosenburg sentenced prominent Socialist and Communist officials to imprisonment (such as Emile Vandervelde and Edward Anseele) or, in some cases, execution (as Joseph Jacquemotte and War Van Overstraeten). A series of general strikes forced Rosenburg to release Vandervelde and Anseele, though they were banned from participating in political activities.


The Raad van Vlaanderen was divided into two main factions: those who supported Pieter Tack’s authoritarian anti-Semitic Vlaams Nationaal Verbond (VNV), and supporters of Joris Van Severen and his populist Vlaamse Volkspartij (VVP). In contrast to the VNV, the VVP was based in a left-wing ideology, which contributed to its popularity. The VVP gained a massive majority over Tack’s unpopular government, and quickly passed more populist reforms in Flanders.

While many of the moderate parties didn’t actively support the pro-German administration, they were still viewed by many as traitors due to their passive stance - the Liberal and Catholic Parties still remained in parliament between 1919-1933. At the 1934 Belgian General Election, the social democratic Labour Party, the Flemish and left-wing VVP and the catholic, proto-fascist Rexist Party saw a sharp increase in votes.

  1. (The German Ambassador to Belgium; From Germany to Belgium)

President of France

2014 Election: Bayrou 65.1% / Le Pen 34.9%
2019 Election: Bayrou 57.9% / Nicolas Dupont-Aignan 42.1%

North/South France

Kingdom of France
Royaume de france (French)
Satellite State of Berlin Pact

1948–1990
Flag of France Coat of Arms
Motto
“Travail, famille, patrie”
(Labor, family, fatherland)
Anthem
“La Parisienne”
”Maréchal, nous voilà !” (Unofficial)
France in 1989.
Capital CSofParis.png North Paris
Official language French, Local Languages
Religion Catholic
Government Constitutional Monarchy under an one-party authoritarian dictatorship
Monarch
 - 1947–1990 Henry VI
Prime Minister
 - 1947-1952 Charles Maurras (AF)
 - 1952-1966 Philippe Henriot (AF)
 - 1966-1989 Paul Touvier (AF)
 - 1989-1990 Michel Rocard (PSD)
History
 - Established 7 October, 1948
 - Versailles Declaration 6 June, 1947
 - French Revolution July 1989
 - First Free Election January 1990
 - Reunification 31 December, 1990
Today part of Flag of France.svg France

North France, officially known as the Kingdom of France (French: Royaume de France), was a state that existed from 1948 until 1990, when the northern portion of France was part of the Berlin Pact during the Cold War. It consisted of territory that was administered and occupied by German forces following the end of World War II as part of a wartime agreement between the Free French and Germans. The German zone surrounded South Paris but did not include it; as a result, South Paris remained outside the jurisdiction of the Kingdom.

The Kingdom of France was established in the German zone, while the French Republic was established in the southern Free French zone. North France was a satellite state of the German Empire. German occupation authorities began transferring administrative responsibility to French monarchist leaders in 1947, and the Kingdom began to function as a state on 7 October 1948. However, German forces remained in the country throughout the Cold War. Until 1989, the Kingdom was governed by the Action Française Party, a monarchist party that had policies not dissimilar from fascist nations. Action Française made the teaching of Maurrassisme and the German language compulsory in schools.

The Nationalists imposed totalitarian rule and crushed political and intellectual opposition, while promoting economic modernization, traditional social values and a heavy allegiance to the catholic church. Emigration to the West was a significant problem—as many of the emigrants were well-educated young people, it further weakened the state economically. The government fortified its southern borders and, in 1961, built the Paris Wall - a line of fortifications along the northern bank of the Seine. Many people attempting to flee were killed by border guards or booby traps, such as landmines. Many others spent large amounts of time imprisoned for attempting to escape.

  • Flag of France.svg French Republic
Capital: South Paris (De jure)
French Republic
République française (French)

 

1948–1990
Flag of France Coat of Arms
Motto
“Motto: "Liberté, égalité, fraternité"


("Liberty, Equality, Fraternity")

Anthem
La Marseillaise
South France in 1950.
Capital CSofParis.png South Paris (de jure)
Toulouse (Duchy).jpg Toulouse (de facto)
Official language French, Catalan, Occitan, Basque
Religion Secular
Government Unitary semi-presidential republic
President
 - 1947–1961 Charles de Gaulle
 - 1962-1976 Jean Lecanuet
 - 1976-1990 François Mitterrand
 - 1990-1997 Lionel Jospin
Prime Minister
 - 1947-1961 Charles Maurras (AF)
 - 1952-1966 Philippe Henriot (AF)
 - 1966-1989 Paul Touvier (AF)
 - 1989-1990 Michel Rocard (PSD)
History
 - Established 7 October, 1948
 - Versailles Declaration 6 June, 1947
 - French Revolution July 1989
 - First Free Election January 1990
 - Reunification 31 December, 1990
Today part of Flag of France.svg France

South France was the informal name for the French Republic (French: République française), a country in Western Europe, in the period between its formation in 1947 and French reunification on 31 December 1990. During this Cold War period, the southern portion of France was part of the Eastern Bloc. The Republic was created from the remnants of the Free French administration that existed in Algeria since 1919. Its (provisional) capital was the city of Toulouse, though officially its capital was located in South Paris. The Cold War era South France is unofficially designated the Toulouse Republic by historians.

At the onset of the Cold War, Europe was divided among the Western and German blocs. France was de facto divided into two countries - the Republic and the Kingdom. Initially, the French Republic claimed an exclusive mandate for all of France, considering itself to be the sole democratically reorganised continuation of the 1870-1919 French Republic. It took the line that the Kingdom of France was an illegally constituted puppet state. Though the Kingdom did hold regular elections, these were neither free nor fair. From the South France perspective, the Northern Kingdom was therefore illegitimate.

Following the collapse of fascism in Central and Eastern Europe in 1989, symbolised by the opening of the Paris wall, there was a rapid move towards French reunification. North France voted to dissolve itself and accede to the democratic Republic in 1990. The northern provinces and North Paris formally joined the French Republic on 31 December 1990, ending the division of France. The reunion did not result in a new country; instead, the process was essentially a voluntary act of accession, whereby South France was enlarged to include the additional provinces of North France, which had ceased to exist. The expanded Republic retained South France’s political culture and continued its existing memberships in international organisations, as well as its Western foreign policy alignment and affiliation to Western alliances like LUN, NATO, OECD and the Pan-European Community.

BSDGerman

AWO

Oceania

State Capital Languages OTL Organization Notes
Flag of Australia New.png Australian Federation Canberra English, Aboriginal Australia Auszeal, AN
New Zealand Central World.pngNew Zealand Wellington English New Zealand Auszeal, AN
Flag of Papua New Guinea 1970.svg Federation of New Guinea Port Moresby English, Hiri, MotuPNG, Sign Language, Tok Pisin New Guinea, Micronesia, Solomon Islands AN
Flag of Fiji (Modified).png Fiji Suva English, Fijian Fiji AN

Ire

Poblacht Uladh (Irish) Ulster Republic
Timeline: Agadir War
OTL equivalent: Ulster
. 1940 - 1947
Coat of arms
Max territory occupied by the Ulster State in 1946. (Blue)
CapitalBelfast (1940-1947), Bangor (1947)
Official languages Ulster Scots, English
Regional languages Ulster Scots, English and Irish
Ethnic groups  Irish and English
Religion Protestant, with catholics
Government Provisional Government
 -  Grand-General Basil Brooke, 1st Viscount Brookeborough
Currency British Pound

War

William V of Windsor
Official Portrait of William V, photographed in 2017
King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain
Reign 25 August 2011 -
Predecessor Edward IX
Successor Charles XI
Born London, Great Britain
Spouse Princess Isabelle of Orléans-Braganza
Issue Isabelle, Princess Pierre Murat

Françoise, Princess Christopher of Greece and Denmark

Princess Anne, Duchess of Aosta

Henry VI

Full name
Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Hohenzollern
House Orleans

William V (William David George Windsor; b. 4 September 1981)

  • George VI (1946-1953)
  • Edward IX (1931-1988) (1953-2011)
  • William V (1981-)
    Elizabeth Kucinich by Gage Skidmore.jpg