Sino-Philippine War
Part of Chinese expansion into Southeast Asia
Date January 7, 1995 - August 1996
Location Philippines, South China Sea, Spratly Islands
Result Chinese strategic victory
  • Famine in the Philippines
  • Continued state-of-war between China and the Philippines
Territorial
changes
China takes all of Philippine-held Spratly islands
Belligerents
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China Philippines Philippines New People's Army

Moro Islamic National Liberation Front


Abu-Sayaff Group

Commanders and leaders
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Jiang Zhemin
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Ye Fei
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Wang Dongxing
Philippines Artemio Tadiar
Philippines Nicanor Faeldon
Casualties and losses
261 dead
1 ship impounded (later dismantled and sent to the U.S. and Japan for research)
9 H-6 bombers shot down
200,000-300,000 AFP casualties

99% of the PAF and PN rendered inoperable

Unknown
500,000 Filipinos perish as a result of continuous bombing and the starvation that followed

The Chinese bombing of the Philippines, referred commonly as the the Sino-Philippine War, was a conflict fought from 1995 to 1996 between the People's Republic of China and the Philippines under the dictatorship of General Artemio Tadiar. The conflict coincided with the Second Sino-Vietnamese War, the Sino-Malayan/Bruneian War, and the Sino-Indonesia War. It marked the first time the Xian H-6K bomber of the People's Liberation Army Air Force was used.

As Vietnam fought a geurilla warfare against the PLA and offered significant resistance, the Philippines was essentially hammered and bombed to oblivion due to the lack of fuel, spare parts, munitions, and anti-air defenses as part of the United Nations sanction and arms embargo to the Tadiar regime. The Philippine Navy and Air Forces were reduced to 1% operational status. Luzon was continually bombed by the PLAAF, often targeting major cities and farmlands, which resulted in the deaths of 500,000 Filipinos from a combination of the bombs and starvation that followed in the destruction of the farmlands. Manila was targeted as so was Baguio, Cebu, and Kabankalan, the new capital of the Philippines where the Tadiar regime resides. During the bombing, several historical and natural landmarks were destroyed such as Manila City Hall, the Malacanang Palace, Fort Santiago, Quiapo Church, Batasang Pambansa (Congress), the National Museum, and the Banawe Rice Terraces. It was more destructive than the Battle of Manila fought fifty years prior. War crimes were committed by both sides. For one, the Philippine Marine contingent in the South China Sea surrendered to the PLA and were executed. In retaliation, Tadiar ordered the crew of the captured PLA-N Type 37 corvette Yangjiang (770) to be machine gunned at sea by the Philippine Navy with their bodies fed to the sharks.

Foreign embassies based in Metro Manila became the collateral damage of the Chinese bombing. For one, the embassies of Japan, Germany, and Russia suffered casualties, drawing mass condemnations from these countries. As a result, nationalist protests broke out in Japan calling for the revocation of Article 9 in the face of Chinese aggression. This fueled backdoor Japanese support to the Tadiar regime in the form of arms, ammunition, radars, spare parts, and other forms of military hardware that could easily be assembled. The Yakuza was alleged to have taken part in these backdoor negotiations. Russia deployed several masses of troops, tanks, armored vehicles, and aircraft to the Far East in response to the accidental bombing of its embassy, citing that further attacks would be seen as an act of war.

The war hurt the administration of President Jesse Jackson, who refused to enact the 1951 Mutual Defense Treaty which would have saw the United States come into the defense of the Philippines in the scenario of a foreign attack. Jackson abandoned Tadiar due to the current UN sanctions and the brutality of his regime. It would be one of the reasons why Jackson would face an impeachment trial. Reluctantly, Jackson would order the U.S. Navy to come into the defense of Taiwan as the PLA threatened to invade what they call the "renegade province". However the damage had already been done. As a result, Jackson would ultimately loose the 1996 Presidential Elections to Jack Kemp.

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