Ideas and proposals and development of Cromwell the Great
To do list
- Colonial North America
Ireland (Settlement and problem) and Act of Union (legal incorporation of Ireland to the Commonwealth) Lord Presidents of the Provinces of Ireland Prince Rupert???
- Charter companies.
- British and French India
Symbols of Power
Ideas for symbols of office (commonwealth mace, civic crown, sash?, and what other republican regalia or symbols?)
The installation of the Lord Protector: A robe of purple velvet lined with ermine, a Sword of state and a Scepter, and the Bible, sitting in the "Coronation Chair" or "King Edward's Chair." (source)
Aditional informacion on countries
|Weights and measures||customary weight and measures / British system / Metric system|
|Units of currency||Decimal / Non-decimal|
|Calendar system||Gregorian calendar, or civil calendar / French Republican Calendar / Italo-Iberian Civil Calendar / Hijri calendar / Rumi calendar|
|Time format||Clock time or sexagesimal time / Decimal time|
|Prime Meridian||Greenwich Meridian (Degrees) / Paris Meridian (Gradian)|
|Time zones||Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) / Temps universel coordonné (TUC) / Coordinated Meridian Time (CMT)|
|Weights and measures||British system|
|Units of currency||Non-decimal|
|Calendar system||Gregorian calendar|
|Time format||Decimal time|
|Prime Meridian||Greenwich Meridian (Degrees)|
|Time zones||Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)|
and Coordinated Meridian Time (CMT)
|Weights and measures||Metric system|
|Units of currency||Decimal|
|Calendar system||French Republican Calendar|
|Time format||Clock time|
|Prime Meridian||Paris Meridian (Gradian)|
|Time zones||Temps universel coordonné (TUC) |
and Coordinated Meridian Time (CMT)
Other names for British colonies in North America
- OTL Carolinas (in honour of King Charles I): Alternatives Raleigh, Pamlico, Heath (in honour of Sir Robert Heath), Nova Britannia.
OTL Georgia (in honour of King George II):
Colonial Empires of CtG
- Commonwealth (America, Africa, Asia, Australasia and Oceania)
- France (Africa, Asia, Australasia and Oceania)
- Dutch Republic (America, Africa, Asia, Australasia and Oceania)
- Iberia (Portugal and Spain) (America, Africa and Philippines)
- Russia (expansion to Siberia and Central Asia and Alaskya)
New Albion and Oregon
New Albion (French: Nouvelle-Albion, Spanish: Nueva Albión) is a westernmost Commonwealth colony, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. It borders to the north Russian Alaska, northeast Borealia (Hudson Bay Company) and south the republic of Oregon.
New Albion, named after the land north of Mexico claimed by Sir Francis Drake. Its capital, Cromwell, was founded as a port and trading post of the Hudson Bay Company. In a short time it became a port of importance and a magnet for migration.
The former colony of Vancouver Island, a former territory of Borealia, was united with the mainland Colony of New Albion.
The Sacramento Treaty of 18XX secured its administration to the Commonwealth and defined its border with Russian Alaska.
Oregon (Spanish: Oregón) is a sovereign state in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. Its was formerly part of California. Disputes between California, Borealia (Hudson Bay Company) and Dakota over the control of the current territory of Oregon, along New Albion, lead to the Sacramento Treaty of 18XX declaring its political independence from California.
For a transitional period it was jointly administered by California, Borealia and Dakota - the Tripartite Administrative Board.
Native American Chiefdoms
The main Native American Chiefdoms are the Iroquois, Cherokees and the Comancheria. Also:
- Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek (Muscogee), and Seminole.
- Chan Santa Cruz (Mayan State)
- Miskito Kingdom
- Powhatan confederacy
- Osage Nation
- Great Sioux Nation (Lakota / Teton Sioux)
- Kingdom of Cuzco (a Neo-Inca state)
Great Sioux Nation
Kingdom of Cuzco
The Kingdom of Cuzco, or Cusco, is a Neo-Inca state. Established twice, the first time (17??-17??) and the second (1823 to date) in its current state.
The First Kingdom of Cuzco was established by José Gabriel Túpac Amaru (Túpac Amaru II) during the Rebellion of Túpac Amaru II
The Second Kingdom was proclaimed in 1822 on the eve of the Cuzco Rebellion.
In the 18?? at the late stages of the South American Wars there was a proposal formulated by some deputies in the Congress of Tucuman, aiming to crown an Inca as the ruler of the independent Argentina. The Tucuman Congress discussed the form of government that should be used. Among the many ideas there was one that proposed that the country be ruled by a constitutional monarchy headed by an member, ethnic Inca, of the ruling house of the Kingdom of Cuzco. The proposal was supported by the northern provinces, but found strong resistance from Buenos Aires. The Congress would ultimately reject it, creating instead a republican government.
- Sapa Inca, Lord of the Caesars and Amazons (Señor de los Césares y Amazonas)
- José Gabriel Condorcanqui Túpac Amaru, reigning name Túpac Amaru II
- Diego Cristóbal Condorcanqui Castro, reigning name Túpac Amaru III 1822-...
- Manco Cápac III
- Atahualpa II
Austria and Danubia
Hohl ist der Boden unter den Tyrannen, die Tage ihrer Herrschaft sind gezählt, und bald ist ihre Spur nicht mehr zu finden.The Austrian Empire (Austrian German: Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1805 to (...), created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs. During its existence, it was the third most populous empire after the Russian Empire and the Commonwealth in Europe. Geographically, it was the third largest empire in Europe after the Russian Empire (621,538 square kilometres). Proclaimed in response to the European Revolutionary Wars, it partially overlapped with the Holy Roman Empire until the latter's dissolution in 1805.
(Friedrich Schiller, Wilhelm Tell)
Austria with the Peace of Vienna (1810) ceded western ("Upper") Carinthia with Lienz in the East Tyrol, Carniola, Gorizia and Gradisca, the Imperial Free City of Trieste, the March of Istria, and the Croatian lands southwest of the river Sava to the Italian and French Republic that created the jointly ruled Provinces of Illyria. The southern half of Tyrol went to the Italian Republic.
Austria's multinational, linguistic and religious subjects are keep together by the Emperor, Imperial Bureaucracy and the Army. Serfdom was officially abolished in all Habsburg lands in 1810. However, cautious governance and the need to control and please to certain ways nationalism resulted in frustration to enact reforms. Only exceptional salesmanship could give way to reforms and even then at a high political costs.
Under reformist Emperor Joseph Franz the demands of locals subjects were considered and also regional economic interest were seeing as vital for push in the development of Austria. In 1838 and 1839 major reforms of the administration were decreed in order to partially address these concerns.
The Imperial Rescript of 1838, only applied to Cisleithania, divided the former crown lands into provinces. The provinces would have an appointed Governor and an elected provincial diet. For Hungary, or Transleithania, the Imperial Charter of 1839 organized it also in provinces. Transylvania and the Military Frontier were unmodified save for the grant of local government to cities.
Common to the whole of the Austrian Empire was that the electorate was be divided in three classes according to property requirements. The all classes could vote, but the first two classes could nominate candidates. The provincial diets would elect representatives to the House of Representatives of the Imperial Council. The Senate would be integrated by nobles and nominated members.
The change from a absolute to constitutional monarchy had far reaching results than its partisans originally planned. One result was the exacerbation of nationalism and less stability, being the former contrary to the expected goal of stability and consensus building.
- Emperor (Kaiser)
- Francis I (1768–1835) 1805-1835
- Joseph Franz (1799–18...) 1835-18...
- State Chancellor (Staatskanzler)
- Johann Philipp Stadion, Count von Warthaus (1763–1824)1805-1807
- Prince Klemens von Metternich (1773-1859) 1807-1836
- Administrative Division
Between 1804 and 1838 Austria was divided in several administrative division partially due historical and legal reasons. The main division are the Austrian crown lands, the lands of Bohemia, the Kingdom of Hungary, Principality of Transylvania and the Military Frontier.
- Austrian crown lands (before 1838)
They are administered by Statthalters governors directly subordinate to the Emperor and under guidance of the State Council. They have certain autonomy with their traditional Landstände (estates) assemblies.
- Archduchy of Austria (Erzherzogtum Österreich)
- Lower Austria (Erzherzogtum Österreich unter der Enns)
- Upper Austria (Erzherzogtum Österreich ob der Enns)
- Duchy of Salzburg (Herzogtum Salzburg)
- Duchy of Styria (Herzogtum Steiermark)
- Princely County of Tyrol with Vorarlberg (Gefürstete Grafschaft Tirol mit dem Lande Vorarlberg)
- Lands of the Bohemian Crown (Länder der Böhmischen Krone, before 1838)
Bohemia is administered by Statthalter, governors directly subordinate to the Emperor and under guidance of the State Council.
- Kingdom of Bohemia (Königreich Böhmen)
- Margraviate of Moravia (Markgrafschaft Mähren)
- Kingdom of Hungary (Königreich Ungarn, before 1839)
The Kingdom is administered by a Palatine appointed by the Emperor and it has its own Diet (parliament) and customary constitution. However the Diet was rarely summoned by Emperor to session. Members of the Governor's Council (Helytartótanács) were appointed by the Habsburg monarch, and the superior economic institution, the Hungarian Chamber, was directly subordinated to the Court Chamber in Vienna.
- Grand Principality of Transylvania (Großfürstentum Siebenbürgen)
Transylvania is administered by an Imperial Governor.
- Military Frontier (Militärgrenze)
It is under the direct control of the Habsburg Imperial military in the following districts:
- Croatian Military Frontier
- Slavonian Military Frontier
- Transylvanian Military Frontier
- Banat Military Frontier
The major reorganization of 1838-1839 divided the Austrian Empire as followed:
- Cisleithania into the provinces of
- Austrian Carinthia (Klagenfurt)
- Lower Austria (VIenna)
- Upper Austria (Linz)
- Salzburg (Salzburg)
- Styria (Graz)
- Tyrol (Innsbruck)
- Bohemia (Prague)
- Moravia (Brünn/Brno)
- Transleithania (Hungary or Magyar) into the provinces
- Upper Hungary
- Transylvania (Kolozsvár/Cluj)
Zwei Seelen und ein Gedanke,
Zwei Herzen und ein Schlag.
(Friedrich Halm, Der Sohn der Wildnis, 1842)
Die wahre Freiheit ist nichts anderes als Gerechtigkeit,The Danubian Confederation is a central European state that is the successor of the Austrian Empire after the Austrian Insurrection, later called the Danubian Revolution, of 18XX.
(Johann Gottfried Seume, Spaziergang nach Syrakus)
The Long Depression's deflation caused banking panics and destabilizing business investment in the most capitalist areas of the Austrian Empire. It provoked financial panics in Vienna and Budapest, spreading further failures in the rest of Central Europe. The boom of railroad investments and construction stopped affecting the nascent Austrian and Hungarian heavy industry. The closure of workshops and unemployment derived in an inflation in housing and food. The government struggled with implementing economic measures like abandoning bimetallism and struggling in adopting either the gold standard or fiat currency. However the resistance of large landowners meant a paralysis of any meaningful action. The already conservative and sometimes autocratic imperial government was assailed from both the right and the left. Even the liberal center, that supported the Emperor against nationalism was on doubt of the regimen.
The start of the Danubian Revolution began when the army fired on protesting crowds in Vienna and two days later in Budapest. Unrest follow in provincial capitals, the Eastern half of the Empire in the verge of revolting if demands for greater autonomy were not granted immediately.
On deposing the Emperor of Austria a regency - the United Crowns of Danubia - was established as transitional government until elections for a constituent assembly drafted and approved a new constitution. The elections for the National Assembly gave a majority to liberal republican and nationalist parties that voted to end the monarchy and form a federal republic on the Swiss cantonal model. A common national Danubian citizenship was created giving equal linguistics rights in base of the provincial census, not the widestate one. the basic freedoms were guaranteed and an independent judiciary for the Confederation was created.
Major issues to solve were the linguistic question in schools, law courts and public administration and the army and how much of self rule did the states enjoyed.
The federal executive power is vested in the General Director and the National Directory, both elected by the legislature. The Danubian National Congress is the bicameral legislature consisting of two houses: the Council and the Assembly.
Areas specifically reserved to the confederation are the armed forces, currency, the postal service, national roads, railroads and river transport, conducting foreign relations with sovereign states, civil and criminal law, weights and measures, and customs duties.
Each state has its own constitution, legislature, executive, police and courts. A directorial system of government is followed by each state. The state governments have the right to make and enforce legislation and policies in their own states, subject to the federal laws and policies, so long as state laws do not contradict federal law or the Constitution.
The Danubian political elites agreed on sharing power between Austrian-Germans, Hungarians and Bohemians (or Czechs) in the National Directory and rotating the post of General Director. The custom of consensus building among the different nationalities became the norm to confirm majority decisions.
- Imperial Regent (Reichsverweser)
- Provisional President
- Prince Adolf von Auersperg
- General Director (Generaldirektor)
- Eduard Taaffe, Viscount Taaffe
- Gyula Andrássy
- Josef Kaizl
- Trade and Commerce
Economically Danubia has the industrial centers in the main cities of Austria (Vienna), Hungary (Budapest), Bohemia-Moravia (Prague and Brno) and lesser ones scattered along the Danube, the rest of Danubia is mainly dedicated to agricultural, cattle and timber production and light industries such as food processing and textiles.
- Member states of Danubia
|Flag||Coat of Arms||Country||Regime||Capital||Established||Notes|
|Poland||Republic||Warsaw||1830 to date||Former member of the Polish–Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth|
|Lithuania||Republic||Vilnius||1830 to date||Former member of the Polish–Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth|
|Ruthenia||Republic||Lviv||1830 to date||Former member of the Polish–Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth|
The Balkan League or Balkania, is a confederal union of the polities of the Balkan Peninsula. It was formed as opposite to Danubia. The newly independent states of Bulgaria and Serbia feared a renewed Austrian imperialism and intervention in the Balkans by the newly formed state of Danubia.
The chief promoters of Pan-Balkanism were in advantage as several of their supporters and partisans gained positions of power in Bulgaria, Serbia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia and Kosovo. Fear of being absorbed by the more developed and populous Danubia led to a series of meetings between Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania and several other smaller states. Romania pulled out of the negotiations under pressure from the Triple Commonwealth and Russia.
The Agreement of Skopje established the Balkan League, or Balkania as it is better known, a confederation of oblasts sharing a common currency (Balkan Dinar), a customs union and a common army.
For Russian diplomacy Balkan Slavism was promoted as long as it recognized the leadership of Russia. In the case of the Triple Commonwealth they feared a powerful neighbour in their already troubled relations with Romania.
Balkania was broken up after the Balkan War between Bulgaria and the remaining rump of the oblasts of Balkania.
- First Gospodar
- Adrijan Mladenovski
- Tsvetko Stoyanov
- Vitomir Mihailović
- Tadija Janković
- Constituent regions (oblast)
- Bosnia-Herzegovina (Capital: Sarajevo)
- Ioannina (Yanya/Ioannina)
- Scutari (Scutari)
- Manastir (Manastir)
- Kosovo (Pristina)
- Montenegro (Podgorica)
- Serbia (Belgrad)
- Macedonia (Skopje)
- Bulgaria (Sofia) -> secession as independent Bulgaria
- Eastern Rumelia (Plovdiv) -> secession and part of Bulgaria
- Salonica (Salonica)-> secession and part of Bulgaria
The Balkan War consisted of a armed conflict that took place in the Balkan Peninsula between 18?? and 18??. The war broke out when Bulgaria, dissatisfied with its share of the spoils of the Liberation Wars and after failing to gain a more predominant political position in Balkania (Balkan League), attacked the other members of the confederation.
Bulgaria gained its independence and the territories of Eastern Rumelia and Salonica.
Because of the Balkan War, the principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia were pushed by the belligerent Bulgaria to start a process of unification that culminated in establishment the Kingdom of Dacia. Local Dacian and widely supported nationalism of Wallachia and Moldavia speed up a process that the ruling groups were before the Balkan War as suspicious of weaking their power. However, the incipient Bulgarian militarism was taken as a greater threat. Dacian nationalism would also take hold in the Danubian state of Transylvania.
The Russian Empire (Russian: Российская Империя, tr. Rossiyskaya Imperiya)  is an empire that exists across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War.
The third largest empire in world history, stretching over three continents. The rise of the Russian Empire happened in association with the decline of neighboring rival powers: the Swedish Empire, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Persia and the Ottoman Empire. It played a major role in European Revolutionary Wars in defeating French ambitions to control Europe and expanded to the west and south.
- Emperor of All Russia
(October 1754- March 1801)
|November 1796 - March 1801||Assasinated|
(December 1777 - December 1825)
|24 March 1801 - December 1825||Son of Paul I|
|Constantine I (April 1796- March 1855)||December 1825 - March 1855||Brother of Alexander I|
|Alexander II (1822-...)||March 1855-||Son of Constantine I|
Berber or Barbary Coast Republic (République du Côte des Barbaresques) was a short-lived client republic of France. Recovered by Ottomans and Spain.
Nanyang League is a Chinese state and kongsi federation in Western Borneo. It was established by Hakka Chinese laborers that in the 18th century migrated to Borneo to work in the gold and tin mines. A number of the mining companies (kongsi) enjoyed some political autonomy given out by the local sultans. The control of the sultans was limited to the coast so the kongsi enjoyed a virtual independence in the interior from their rule. The local aborigines, Dayaks, were not under the control of any polity.
South East Asia
- Lacrosse (North America)
- Field hockey
- Ice hockey
- Basketball (North America)
- baseball (North America)
- ↑ or Sun worship, Syncretism of Roman Catholicism and Inca region.
- ↑ German: Donau Bund Hungarian: Dunai Szövetsé: Czech: Konfederace Dunaje, Slovak:Konfederácia Dunaja: Croatian: Konfederacija Dunava Serbian: Конфедерација Дунава Rumanian: Confederația Dunării
- ↑ Балкания (Bulgarian), Балканија / Balkanija (Serbo-Croatian)
- ↑ OTL Shkodër
- ↑ or simply Russia (Russian: Россия, tr. Rossiya)