FANDOM


Ideas and proposals and development of Cromwell the Great

To do list

  • Colonial North America
  • Ireland (Settlement and problem) and Act of Union (legal incorporation of Ireland to the Commonwealth)
  • Lord Presidents of the Provinces of Ireland
  • Prince Rupert???
  • Charter companies.
  • British and French India

Symbols of Power

Ideas for symbols of office (commonwealth mace, civic crown, sash?, and what other republican regalia or symbols?)

The installation of the Lord Protector: A robe of purple velvet lined with ermine, a Sword of state and a Scepter, and the Bible, sitting in the "Coronation Chair" or "King Edward's Chair." (source)

Aditional Informacion

Aditional informacion on countries

Weights and measures customary weight and measures / British system / Metric system
Units of currency Decimal / Non-decimal
Calendar system Gregorian calendar, or civil calendar / French Republican Calendar / Italo-Iberian Civil Calendar / Hijri calendar / Rumi calendar
Time format Clock time or sexagesimal time / Decimal time
Prime Meridian Greenwich Meridian (Degrees) / Paris Meridian (Gradian)
Time zones Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) / Temps universel coordonné (TUC) / Coordinated Meridian Time (CMT)
Holidays

An example

Weights and measures British system
Units of currency Non-decimal
Calendar system Gregorian calendar
Time format Decimal time
Prime Meridian Greenwich Meridian (Degrees)
Time zones Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
and Coordinated Meridian Time (CMT)
Holidays
Weights and measures Metric system
Units of currency Decimal
Calendar system French Republican Calendar
Time format Clock time
Prime Meridian Paris Meridian (Gradian)
Time zones Temps universel coordonné (TUC)
and Coordinated Meridian Time (CMT)
Holidays


Other names for British colonies in North America

  • OTL Carolinas (in honour of King Charles I): Alternatives Raleigh, Pamlico, Heath (in honour of Sir Robert Heath), Nova Britannia.
  • OTL Georgia (in honour of King George II):

Colonialism

Colonial Empires of CtG

  • Commonwealth (America, Africa, Asia, Australasia and Oceania)
  • France (Africa, Asia, Australasia and Oceania)
  • Dutch Republic (America, Africa, Asia, Australasia and Oceania)
  • Iberia (Portugal and Spain) (America, Africa and Philippines)
  • Russia (expansion to Siberia and Central Asia and Alaskya)


North America


New Albion and Oregon

New Albion
Nouvelle-Albion
Nueva Albión
Timeline: Cromwell the Great

OTL equivalent: Canadian province of British Columbia
Flag of the Commonwealth of Columbia (Russian America)

Motto
Sic parvis magna (Latin)
("Thus great things from small things (come)")

Capital
(and largest city)
Cromwell
Language
  official
 
English
  others Native American languages and several creole languages, French and Spanish
Religion
  main
 
Church of England
  others Protestantism, Roman Catholic, Judaism, Non-Religious, Deism (Cult of Reason) and Atheism
Ethnic Groups
  main
 
Europeans
  others Native Americans
Demonym New Albian
Government Colony / Commonwealth Dominion / Republic
  legislature New Albian Parliament
President
Currency Californian peso ($) and Dakotan sou
Time Zone GMT-8

New Albion (French: Nouvelle-Albion, Spanish: Nueva Albión) is a westernmost Commonwealth colony, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. It borders to the north Russian Alaska, northeast Borealia (Hudson Bay Company) and south the republic of Oregon.

New Albion, named after the land north of Mexico claimed by Sir Francis Drake. Its capital, Cromwell, was founded as a port and trading post of the Hudson Bay Company. In a short time it became a port of importance and a magnet for migration.

The former colony of Vancouver Island, a former territory of Borealia, was united with the mainland Colony of New Albion.

The Sacramento Treaty of 18XX secured its administration to the Commonwealth and defined its border with Russian Alaska.

Oregon
Oregón
Timeline: Cromwell the Great

OTL equivalent: US states of Oregon and Washington
Earlynewalbion Oregon Provisional Government Seal

Motto
Alis volat propriis (Latin)
("She flies with her own wings")

Capital
(and largest city)
Astoria
Language
  official
 
Spanish
  others French, English, Native American languages and several creole languages
Religion
  main
 
Roman Catholic
  others Protestantism, Judaism, Non-Religious, Deism (Cult of Reason) and Atheism
Ethnic Groups
  main
 
Europeans
  others Native Americans
Demonym Oregonian
Government Republic
  legislature National Congress
President
Currency Mexican peso, Californian peso ($) and Dakotan sou
Time Zone GMT-8
Organizations League of American Republics (Member)

Oregon (Spanish: Oregón) is a sovereign state in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. Its was formerly part of California. Disputes between California, Borealia (Hudson Bay Company) and Dakota over the control of the current territory of Oregon, along New Albion, lead to the Sacramento Treaty of 18XX declaring its political independence from California.

For a transitional period it was jointly administered by California, Borealia and Dakota - the Tripartite Administrative Board.



Native American Chiefdoms

The main Native American Chiefdoms are the Iroquois, Cherokees and the Comancheria. Also:

  • Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek (Muscogee), and Seminole.
  • Chan Santa Cruz (Mayan State)
  • Miskito Kingdom
  • Powhatan confederacy
  • Osage Nation
  • Wallmapu
  • Great Sioux Nation (Lakota / Teton Sioux)
  • Kingdom of Cuzco (a Neo-Inca state)

Great Sioux Nation

Great Sioux Nation
Očhéthi Šakówiŋ

Grande nation sioux (French)
Gran Nación Sioux (Spanish)
— Dependent Indian nation of Dakota
Timeline: Cromwell the Great

OTL equivalent: Great Sioux Nation

Pine Ridge Flag
Language
  official
 
Siouan or Siouan–Catawban language
  others French, English, Spanish, Métis French and Michif.
Religion
  main
 
Traditional tribal religion
  others Catholicism and Protestantism
Ethnic groups
  main
 
Sioux
  others European
Demonym Sioux
Government Confederation. Dependent Indian nation (protectorate) of Dakota.
  legislature Tribal Council.
Principal Chief
Currency New France livre, Dakotan sou, Louisianian piastre, British pound sterling, Californian Peso ($), tokens, and barter.


Cherokee Nation

Cherokee Nation
ᏣᎳᎩᎯ ᎠᏰᎵ

Tsalagihi Ayeli (transcrip.)
Nación Cheroqui (Spanish)
— Indian Protectorate of Iberia
Timeline: Cromwell the Great

OTL equivalent: Cherokee Nation (1794–1907)

Language
  official
 
Cherokee
  others Spanish and English
Religion
  main
 
Traditional tribal religion
  others Catholicism and Protestantism
Ethnic groups
  main
 
Cherokee
  others European
Demonym Cheroqui (Cherokee)
Government Confederation. Indian Protectorate of Iberia.
  legislature National Council
Principal Chief (elected by the National Council)
Established 1640 to date
Currency Spanish dollar, British pound sterling, and barter.


Powhatan Confederacy

Powhatan Confederacy / Virginia Algonquians
Tsenacommacah
— Tributary tribe of Virginia
Timeline: Cromwell the Great

OTL equivalent: Powhatan Confederacy (1545-1677)
Capital
(and largest city)
Matchut
Language Powhatan (Virginia Algonquian)
Religion
  main
 
Traditional tribal religion
  others Protestantism
Ethnic group Powhatan
Demonym Powhatan
Government Confederation. Tributary tribe of Virginia.
  legislature Tribal Council.
Mamanatowick (paramount chief)
Currency British pound sterling, tokens, and barter.


Comancheria

Comancheria
Nʉmʉnʉʉ Sookobitʉ
Comanchería (Spanish)
— Indian Protectorate of Iberia
Timeline: Cromwell the Great
Editedflagofthecomanche
Language
  official
 
Comanche (Numu tekwapu)
  others Spanish and English
Religion
  main
 
Traditional tribal religion
  others Catholicism and Protestantism
Ethnic groups
  main
 
Comanche
  others European
Demonym Comanche
Government Confederation. Indian Protectorate of Iberia.
  legislature Tribal Council
Principal Chief
Currency Spanish dollar, Dakotan sou, Louisianan paistre, British pound sterling, tokens and barter.


Mapuche Confederacy

Mapuche Confederacy
Butalmapu
Wallmapu
— Indian Protectorate of Iberia
Timeline: Cromwell the Great
Ancient mapuche flag
Capital
(and largest city)
Perquenco
Language
  official
 
Mapuche (Mapudungun)
  others Spanish
Religion
  main
 
Traditional tribal religion and Catholicism
  others Protestantism
Ethnic groups
  main
 
Mapuche
  others European
Government Confederation. Indian Protectorate of Iberia.
  legislature Butakoyag (Grand Council)
Ñizol lonko (named by the Butakoyag)
Currency Spanish dollar and barter


Kingdom of Cuzco

Kingdom of Cuzco
Reino del Cuzco
Timeline: Cromwell the Great
Flag of Tacna Regiment (1820 proposal) José Bernardo de Tagle Inti
Capital
(and largest city)
Cuzco
Other cities Vilcabamba
Language Quechua, Aymara and Spanish
Religion
  main
 
Roman Catholicism and Inca religion
  others Inti worship[1] and Protestantism
Government Autonomous kingdom. Protectorate the Iberia
  legislature Great Council
Established First Kingdom (17??-17??) and Secod Kingdom (1822 to date)
Currency Spanish dollar and barter.

The Kingdom of Cuzco, or Cusco, is a Neo-Inca state. Established twice, the first time (17??-17??) and the second (1823 to date) in its current state.

The First Kingdom of Cuzco was established by José Gabriel Túpac Amaru (Túpac Amaru II) during the Rebellion of Túpac Amaru II

The Second Kingdom was proclaimed in 1822 on the eve of the Cuzco Rebellion.

In the 18?? at the late stages of the South American Wars there was a proposal formulated by some deputies in the Congress of Tucuman, aiming to crown an Inca as the ruler of the independent Argentina. The Tucuman Congress discussed the form of government that should be used. Among the many ideas there was one that proposed that the country be ruled by a constitutional monarchy headed by an member, ethnic Inca, of the ruling house of the Kingdom of Cuzco. The proposal was supported by the northern provinces, but found strong resistance from Buenos Aires. The Congress would ultimately reject it, creating instead a republican government.

Sapa Inca, Lord of the Caesars and Amazons (Señor de los Césares y Amazonas)
  • José Gabriel Condorcanqui Túpac Amaru, reigning name Túpac Amaru II
  • (Vacant)
  • Diego Cristóbal Condorcanqui Castro, reigning name Túpac Amaru III 1822-...
  • Manco Cápac III
  • Atahualpa II


South America

Others

Austria and Danubia

This page covers the Austrian Empire (1805-...) and the Danubian Federation (...-...)

Austrian Empire
Kaiserthum Oesterreich
Osztrák Császárság
Timeline: Cromwell the Great

OTL equivalent: Austrian Empire (1804–1867/1919)
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy Imperial Coat of Arms of the Empire of Austria (1815)
Austrian Empire (1812)
Anthem "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser"
Capital
(and largest city)
Vienna
Other cities Budapest, Prague and Graz
Language
  official
 
German
  others Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Serbo-Croatian and Romanian.
Religion
  main
 
Roman Catholic
  others Lutheran and Calvinist Protestantism and Judaism (All officially recognized). Non-Religious, Deism (Cult of Reason) and Atheism (unofficial)
Ethnic Groups
  main
 
German
  others Europeans
Demonym Austrian
Government Absolute monarchy 1805-> Constitutional monarchy
  legislature Imperial Council
Emperor Joseph Franz
  Royal house: Habsburg-Lorraine
Chancellor Prince Klemens von Metternich
Established 1809
Currency Reichsthaler (Rthlr 1566-1812), Conventionsthaler (1756-1816), Vereinsthaler (RV, 1807–...)
Time Zone GMT+1
Organizations Congress System (member)

Hohl ist der Boden unter den Tyrannen, die Tage ihrer Herrschaft sind gezählt, und bald ist ihre Spur nicht mehr zu finden.
(Friedrich Schiller, Wilhelm Tell)
The Austrian Empire (Austrian German: Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1805 to (...), created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs. During its existence, it was the third most populous empire after the Russian Empire and the Commonwealth in Europe. Geographically, it was the third largest empire in Europe after the Russian Empire (621,538 square kilometres). Proclaimed in response to the European Revolutionary Wars, it partially overlapped with the Holy Roman Empire until the latter's dissolution in 1805.

Austria with the Peace of Vienna (1810) ceded western ("Upper") Carinthia with Lienz in the East Tyrol, Carniola, Gorizia and Gradisca, the Imperial Free City of Trieste, the March of Istria, and the Croatian lands southwest of the river Sava to the Italian and French Republic that created the jointly ruled Provinces of Illyria. The southern half of Tyrol went to the Italian Republic.

Austria's multinational, linguistic and religious subjects are keep together by the Emperor, Imperial Bureaucracy and the Army. Serfdom was officially abolished in all Habsburg lands in 1810. However, cautious governance and the need to control and please to certain ways nationalism resulted in frustration to enact reforms. Only exceptional salesmanship could give way to reforms and even then at a high political costs.

Under reformist Emperor Joseph Franz the demands of locals subjects were considered and also regional economic interest were seeing as vital for push in the development of Austria. In 1838 and 1839 major reforms of the administration were decreed in order to partially address these concerns.

The Imperial Rescript of 1838, only applied to Cisleithania, divided the former crown lands into provinces. The provinces would have an appointed Governor and an elected provincial diet. For Hungary, or Transleithania, the Imperial Charter of 1839 organized it also in provinces. Transylvania and the Military Frontier were unmodified save for the grant of local government to cities.

Common to the whole of the Austrian Empire was that the electorate was be divided in three classes according to property requirements. The all classes could vote, but the first two classes could nominate candidates. The provincial diets would elect representatives to the House of Representatives of the Imperial Council. The Senate would be integrated by nobles and nominated members.

The change from a absolute to constitutional monarchy had far reaching results than its partisans originally planned. One result was the exacerbation of nationalism and less stability, being the former contrary to the expected goal of stability and consensus building.

Emperor (Kaiser)
  • Francis I (1768–1835) 1805-1835
  • Joseph Franz (1799–18...) 1835-18...
Prince Metternich by Lawrence

Prince von Metternich (State Chancellor 1807-1836)

State Chancellor (Staatskanzler)
  • Johann Philipp Stadion, Count von Warthaus (1763–1824)1805-1807
  • Prince Klemens von Metternich (1773-1859) 1807-1836
  • ...
Administrative Division

Between 1804 and 1838 Austria was divided in several administrative division partially due historical and legal reasons. The main division are the Austrian crown lands, the lands of Bohemia, the Kingdom of Hungary, Principality of Transylvania and the Military Frontier.

Austrian crown lands (before 1838)

They are administered by Statthalters governors directly subordinate to the Emperor and under guidance of the State Council. They have certain autonomy with their traditional Landstände (estates) assemblies.

  • Archduchy of Austria (Erzherzogtum Österreich)
    • Lower Austria (Erzherzogtum Österreich unter der Enns)
    • Upper Austria (Erzherzogtum Österreich ob der Enns)
  • Duchy of Salzburg (Herzogtum Salzburg)
  • Duchy of Styria (Herzogtum Steiermark)
  • Princely County of Tyrol with Vorarlberg (Gefürstete Grafschaft Tirol mit dem Lande Vorarlberg)
Lands of the Bohemian Crown (Länder der Böhmischen Krone, before 1838)

Bohemia is administered by Statthalter, governors directly subordinate to the Emperor and under guidance of the State Council.

  • Kingdom of Bohemia (Königreich Böhmen)
  • Margraviate of Moravia (Markgrafschaft Mähren)
Kingdom of Hungary (Königreich Ungarn, before 1839)

The Kingdom is administered by a Palatine appointed by the Emperor and it has its own Diet (parliament) and customary constitution. However the Diet was rarely summoned by Emperor to session. Members of the Governor's Council (Helytartótanács) were appointed by the Habsburg monarch, and the superior economic institution, the Hungarian Chamber, was directly subordinated to the Court Chamber in Vienna.

Grand Principality of Transylvania (Großfürstentum Siebenbürgen)

Transylvania is administered by an Imperial Governor.

Military Frontier (Militärgrenze)

It is under the direct control of the Habsburg Imperial military in the following districts:

  • Croatian Military Frontier
  • Slavonian Military Frontier
  • Transylvanian Military Frontier
  • Banat Military Frontier

The major reorganization of 1838-1839 divided the Austrian Empire as followed:

Cisleithania into the provinces of
  • Austrian Carinthia (Klagenfurt)
  • Lower Austria (VIenna)
  • Upper Austria (Linz)
  • Salzburg (Salzburg)
  • Styria (Graz)
  • Tyrol (Innsbruck)
  • Bohemia (Prague)
  • Moravia (Brünn/Brno)
Transleithania (Hungary or Magyar) into the provinces
  • Pozsony
  • Kassa
  • Sopron
  • Pest-Ofen
  • Nagyvárad
  • Upper Hungary
  • Banat
  • Transylvania (Kolozsvár/Cluj)
  • Vojvodina



Danubian Confederation
Donau Bund
Dunai Szövetség
Konfederace Dunaje
Konfederácia Dunaja
Konfederacija Dunava
Конфедерација Дунава
Confederația Dunării

Timeline: Cromwell the Great

OTL equivalent: Austrian Empire (1804–1867/1919)
DanubianFederationEqualsFlag DanubianFederationFoESeal
Austrian Empire (1812)

Motto
Indivisibiliter ac Inseparabiliter (Latin)
("Indivisible and Inseparable")

Anthem "Über der blauen Donau"
Capital
(and largest city)
Vienna
Other cities Budapest, Prague and Graz
Language
  official
 
German
  others Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Serbo-Croatian and Romanian
Religion
  main
 
Secular state
  others Roman Catholic, Lutheran and Calvinist Protestantism, Judaism, Non-Religious, Deism (Cult of Reason) and Atheism.
Ethnic Group Europeans
Demonym Danubian
Government Federal republic
  legislature Danubian National Congress
General Director Josef Kaizl
Currency Danubian gulden (DG)
Time Zone GMT+1

Zwei Seelen und ein Gedanke,
Zwei Herzen und ein Schlag.
(Friedrich Halm, Der Sohn der Wildnis, 1842)
Die wahre Freiheit ist nichts anderes als Gerechtigkeit,
(Johann Gottfried Seume, Spaziergang nach Syrakus)
The Danubian Confederation[2] is a central European state that is the successor of the Austrian Empire after the Austrian Insurrection, later called the Danubian Revolution, of 18XX.

History

The Long Depression's deflation caused banking panics and destabilizing business investment in the most capitalist areas of the Austrian Empire. It provoked financial panics in Vienna and Budapest, spreading further failures in the rest of Central Europe. The boom of railroad investments and construction stopped affecting the nascent Austrian and Hungarian heavy industry. The closure of workshops and unemployment derived in an inflation in housing and food. The government struggled with implementing economic measures like abandoning bimetallism and struggling in adopting either the gold standard or fiat currency. However the resistance of large landowners meant a paralysis of any meaningful action. The already conservative and sometimes autocratic imperial government was assailed from both the right and the left. Even the liberal center, that supported the Emperor against nationalism was on doubt of the regimen.

The start of the Danubian Revolution began when the army fired on protesting crowds in Vienna and two days later in Budapest. Unrest follow in provincial capitals, the Eastern half of the Empire in the verge of revolting if demands for greater autonomy were not granted immediately.

On deposing the Emperor of Austria a regency - the United Crowns of Danubia - was established as transitional government until elections for a constituent assembly drafted and approved a new constitution. The elections for the National Assembly gave a majority to liberal republican and nationalist parties that voted to end the monarchy and form a federal republic on the Swiss cantonal model. A common national Danubian citizenship was created giving equal linguistics rights in base of the provincial census, not the widestate one. the basic freedoms were guaranteed and an independent judiciary for the Confederation was created.

Major issues to solve were the linguistic question in schools, law courts and public administration and the army and how much of self rule did the states enjoyed.

Governance

The federal executive power is vested in the General Director and the National Directory, both elected by the legislature. The Danubian National Congress is the bicameral legislature consisting of two houses: the Council and the Assembly.

Areas specifically reserved to the confederation are the armed forces, currency, the postal service, national roads, railroads and river transport, conducting foreign relations with sovereign states, civil and criminal law, weights and measures, and customs duties.

Each state has its own constitution, legislature, executive, police and courts. A directorial system of government is followed by each state. The state governments have the right to make and enforce legislation and policies in their own states, subject to the federal laws and policies, so long as state laws do not contradict federal law or the Constitution.

The Danubian political elites agreed on sharing power between Austrian-Germans, Hungarians and Bohemians (or Czechs) in the National Directory and rotating the post of General Director. The custom of consensus building among the different nationalities became the norm to confirm majority decisions.

Imperial Regent (Reichsverweser)
Provisional President
  • Prince Adolf von Auersperg
General Director (Generaldirektor)
  • Eduard Taaffe, Viscount Taaffe
  • Gyula Andrássy
  • Josef Kaizl
Trade and Commerce

Economically Danubia has the industrial centers in the main cities of Austria (Vienna), Hungary (Budapest), Bohemia-Moravia (Prague and Brno) and lesser ones scattered along the Danube, the rest of Danubia is mainly dedicated to agricultural, cattle and timber production and light industries such as food processing and textiles.

Member states of Danubia
Flag Coat of Arms Name (capital) State executive State legislature Notes
Flag of Austria Austria Bundesadler Austria (Vienna) State Council Landtag German (state language)
Banner of the Bohemian Coat of Arms Coat of arms of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia Bohemia-Moravia (Prague) State Committee State Assembly Czech and German (state languages)
Civil Ensign of Hungary Kossuth Coat of Arms Hungary / Magyar (Budapest) State Executive Council Diet of Hungary Hungarian and German (state languages)
Flag of Slovakia.svg Coat of Arms of Slovakia Slovakia (Pressburg /Pozsony /Bratislava) State Committee State Assembly Slovak and German (state languages)
Flag of Transylvania before 1918 Coat of arms of Transylvania Transylvania (Klausenburg /Kolozsvár /Cluj) State Committee State Assembly Romanian, Hungarian and German (state languages)
Flag of Croatia-Slavonia with CoA Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia Croatia-Slavonia (Agram /Zagreb) State Council Sabor Slovene, Serbo-Croatian and German (state languages)
Banat-f Banat (Temeswar /Timișoara) Ban and Executive Committee State Assembly Serbo-Croatian, Romanian and German (state languages). Federal territory under dispute between Croatia-Slavonia and Transylvania. Pending its final status it is directly administered by the confederation.

Danubian Revolution

Donaurevolution

Duna-forradalom

Danubian Revolution
Than Mor Kapolnai csata
Beginning:

18??

End:

18??

Place:

Austrian Empire

Outcome:

Decisive Danubian revolutionaries victory
Overthrown and dissolution of Habsburg monarchy

Combatants

National Cockade of Austria (until 1918) Danubian revolutionaries corps
National Cockade of Austria (until 1918) Danubian revolutionaries corps
War Flag of Hungary Hungarian national volunteer army

Austrian germany by 1blomma-d4nr5us Imperial and Royal Austrian Army
Roundel Austria-Hungary (TNE) Imperial Air Corps

Commanders

Emperor

Strength
Casualties and Losses


Others

Flag Coat of Arms Country Regime Capital Established Notes
Flag of Poland Coat of arms of Poland2 1919-1927 Poland Republic Warsaw 1830 to date Former member of the Polish–Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth
Flag of Lithuania 1918-1940 Coat of Arms of Lithuania Lithuania Republic Vilnius 1830 to date Former member of the Polish–Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth
Flag of Ukraine ZUNR coa Ruthenia Republic Lviv 1830 to date Former member of the Polish–Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth

Poland

Republic of Poland
Rzeczpospolita Polska
OTL equivalent: Poland
Flag of Poland Coat of arms of Poland2 1919-1927
Capital
(and largest city)
Warsaw
Language
  official
 
Polish
  others Lithuania, German, Latin and Yiddish
Religion
  main
 
Roman Catholic
  others Protestantism, Lutheranism, Orthodox Christianity (main religion), Judaism and Deists
Demonym Polish, Poles
Government Republic
Established 1830
Independence from Polish–Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth
Currency Polish złoty (zł)
Time Zone GTM +1


Lithuania

Republic of Lithuania
Lietuvos Respublika
OTL equivalent: Lithuania
Flag of Lithuania 1918-1940 Coat of Arms of Lithuania
Anthem "Lietuva brangi"
Capital
(and largest city)
Vilnius
Other cities Kaunas
Language
  official
 
Lithuanian
  others Polish, German, Latvian, Latin and Yiddish
Religion
  main
 
Roman Catholic
  others Protestantism, Lutheranism, Orthodox Christianity (main religion), Judaism and Deists
Demonym Lithuanian
Government Republic
Established 1830
Independence from Polish–Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth
Currency Lithuanian zlotas
Time Zone GTM +2


Ruthenia

Republic of Ruthenia
Рэспубліка Рутенія
Respublika Ruténiya
OTL equivalent: Lithuania
Flag of Ukraine ZUNR coa
Capital
(and largest city)
Lviv
Language
  official
 
Ruthenian (lingua franca), Ukrainian (vernacular) and Belorussian (vernacular)
  others Polish, Russian and German
Religion
  main
 
Orthodox Christianity
  others Roman Catholic, Protestantism, Lutheranism, Judaism and Deists
Demonym Ruthenian
Government Republic
Established 1830
Independence from Polish–Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth
Currency Ruthenian zlotyj (злотий)
Time Zone GTM +2


Balkania

Balkan League / Balkania
Балкански съюз / Balkanski sŭyuz (Bulgarian)
Балкански савез / Balkanski savez (Serbo-Croatian)
OTL equivalent: Bulgaria, Serbia, Macedonia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Albania, Kosovo and Bosnia-Herzegovina‎.
Flag of Balkania (CtG) Coat of Arms of Balkania (CtG)
Balkania (CtG)
After Balkan War. (In yellow Bulgaria in purple rest of Balkania)
Capital Skopje
Largest city Belgrade
Other cities Sofia, Sarajevo, Plovdiv, Podgorica and Pristina
Language
  official
 
Bulgarian and Serbo-Croatian (co-official)
  others Albania, Greek, Turkish, Romanian, Romani and Ladino
Religion
  main
 
Secular state
  others Orthodox Christianity (main religion), Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, Lutheranism, Judaism and Islam
Ethnic Group Europeans
Demonym Balkanian
Government Confederation
  legislature Confederal Assembly
First Gospodar
Minister-President
Currency Balkan Dinar
Time Zone GMT+1:30

The Balkan League or Balkania[3], is a confederal union of the polities of the Balkan Peninsula. It was formed as opposite to Danubia. The newly independent states of Bulgaria and Serbia feared a renewed Austrian imperialism and intervention in the Balkans by the newly formed state of Danubia.

The chief promoters of Pan-Balkanism were in advantage as several of their supporters and partisans gained positions of power in Bulgaria, Serbia, Bosnia-Herzegovina‎, Macedonia and Kosovo. Fear of being absorbed by the more developed and populous Danubia led to a series of meetings between Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania and several other smaller states. Romania pulled out of the negotiations under pressure from the Triple Commonwealth and Russia.

The Agreement of Skopje established the Balkan League, or Balkania as it is better known, a confederation of oblasts sharing a common currency (Balkan Dinar), a customs union and a common army.

For Russian diplomacy Balkan Slavism was promoted as long as it recognized the leadership of Russia. In the case of the Triple Commonwealth they feared a powerful neighbour in their already troubled relations with Romania.

Balkania was broken up after the Balkan War between Bulgaria and the remaining rump of the oblasts of Balkania.

First Gospodar
  • Adrijan Mladenovski
  • Tsvetko Stoyanov
  • Vitomir Mihailović
  • Tadija Janković
Constituent regions (oblast)
  1. Bosnia-Herzegovina (Capital: Sarajevo)
  2. Ioannina (Yanya/Ioannina)
  3. Scutari (Scutari[4])
  4. Manastir (Manastir)
  5. Kosovo (Pristina)
  6. Montenegro (Podgorica)
  7. Serbia (Belgrad)
  8. Macedonia (Skopje)
  9. Bulgaria (Sofia) -> secession as independent Bulgaria
  10. Eastern Rumelia (Plovdiv) -> secession and part of Bulgaria
  11. Salonica (Salonica)-> secession and part of Bulgaria


Balkan War

Balkan War
Balkanskata voina Photobox
Date 18??-18??
Location Balkan Peninsula
Result Bulgaria secedes from Balkania.
Territorial
changes
Eastern Rumelia and Salonica annexed to Bulgaria
Belligerents
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria

Support:
Flag of Russia Russian Empire

Flag of Balkania (CtG) Balkania

Support:
Flag of Greece (1822-1978) Hellenic Republic
ATL Flag Poland-Lithuania-Ruthenia (CtG) Commonwealth of Three Nations

The Balkan War consisted of a armed conflict that took place in the Balkan Peninsula between 18?? and 18??. The war broke out when Bulgaria, dissatisfied with its share of the spoils of the Liberation Wars and after failing to gain a more predominant political position in Balkania (Balkan League), attacked the other members of the confederation.

Bulgaria gained its independence and the territories of Eastern Rumelia and Salonica.

Because of the Balkan War, the principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia were pushed by the belligerent Bulgaria to start a process of unification that culminated in establishment the Kingdom of Dacia. Local Dacian and widely supported nationalism of Wallachia and Moldavia speed up a process that the ruling groups were before the Balkan War as suspicious of weaking their power. However, the incipient Bulgarian militarism was taken as a greater threat. Dacian nationalism would also take hold in the Danubian state of Transylvania.


Russia

Russian Empire
Россійская Имперія
Timeline: Cromwell the Great

OTL equivalent: Russian Empire (1721–1917)
Flag of Russia Lesser Coat of Arms of Russian Empire

Motto
S nami Bog! / Съ нами Богъ! (Russian)
("God is with us!")

Anthem "Bozhe, Tsarya khrani! Божѣ, Царя храні! (God Save the Tsar)"
Capital
(and largest city)
Saint Petersburg
Other cities Moscow
Language
  official
 
Russian (official)
  others Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Chechen, Circassian, English, Estonian, Farsi, Finnish, Georgian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Mongolian, Polish, Romanian, Swedish, Tajik, Tatar, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian and Uzbek
Religion
  main
 
Orthodox Christianity (official)
  others Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, Lutheranism, Judaism, Islam and Buddhism
Ethnic Group Europeans
Demonym Russian
Government Absolute monarchy -> Constitutional monarchy
  legislature Emperor along with the legislative assembly
Emperor
  Royal house: Romanov
Established circa 1299
Currency Ruble
Time Zone UTC +2 to +4

The Russian Empire (Russian: Российская Империя, tr. Rossiyskaya Imperiya) [5] is an empire that exists across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War.

The third largest empire in world history, stretching over three continents. The rise of the Russian Empire happened in association with the decline of neighboring rival powers: the Swedish Empire, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Persia and the Ottoman Empire. It played a major role in European Revolutionary Wars in defeating French ambitions to control Europe and expanded to the west and south.


Emperor of All Russia
Portrait Name

(Birth–Death)

Reign Notes
Paul i russia Paul I

(October 1754- March 1801)

November 1796 - March 1801 Assasinated
Alexander I of Russia Alexander I

(December 1777 - December 1825)

24 March 1801 - December 1825 Son of Paul I
Grand Duke Constantine Pavlovich of Russia Constantine I (April 1796- March 1855) December 1825 - March 1855 Brother of Alexander I
Alexander II (1822-...) March 1855- Son of Constantine I


Other regions

Barbary Republic

Berber or Barbary Coast Republic
République du Côte des Barbaresques
Timeline: Cromwell the Great
Tunisian flag till 1831
Capital
(and largest city)
Algiers, later moved to Tunis and finally Tripoli
Language French and Arabic
Religion
  main
 
Secular State
  others Sunni Islam (Special status)
Government Directorial republic
First Director

Berber or Barbary Coast Republic (République du Côte des Barbaresques) was a short-lived client republic of France. Recovered by Ottomans and Spain.

Brunei

Sultanate of Brunei
Kesultanan Brunei
Timeline: Cromwell the Great

OTL equivalent: Brunei and Sarawak
Old Flag of Brunei
Capital Bandar Brunei
Largest city Kuching
Language
  official
 
Malay
  others Hakka Chinese, Old Malay, Old Tagalog, Arabic and Bornean languages
Religion Sunni Islam
Ethnic Groups
  main
 
Malays
  others Chinese and others
Demonym Bruneian
Government Absolute monarchy
Sultan
  Royal house: House of Bolkiah
Established 1368
Currency Barter, Cowrie, Piloncitos and later Brunei pitis
Time Zone UTC+8


南洋聯盟

Nanyang League
南洋聯盟
— Former tributary state of Quing China, later Dependant territory of Dutch Republic
Timeline: Cromwell the Great

OTL equivalent: Lanfang Republic
Flag of Caldas
Flag
Capital
(and largest city)
Dong Wan Li (Malay: Mandor)
Language
  official
 
Hakka Chinese and Malay (linguae francae)
  others Dutch, Spanish, Cantonese Chinese, several Austronesian and Malayo-Polynesian languages, and several Spanish and Portuguese based creoles.
Religion
  main
 
Heaven worship, Buddhism, Chinese folk religion, Confucianism and Taoism
  others Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Judaism, Buddhism, Animism and Cult of Reason.
Government Presidential republic and Kongsi federation (Former tributary state of Quing China, later Dependant territory of Dutch Republic)
Governor-General
President (elected by the Assembly Hall)
Currency VOC-gulden -> Netherlands Indies gulden
Time zone GMT+8

Nanyang League is a Chinese state and kongsi federation in Western Borneo. It was established by Hakka Chinese laborers that in the 18th century migrated to Borneo to work in the gold and tin mines. A number of the mining companies (kongsi) enjoyed some political autonomy given out by the local sultans. The control of the sultans was limited to the coast so the kongsi enjoyed a virtual independence in the interior from their rule. The local aborigines, Dayaks, were not under the control of any polity.

South East Asia

India continent

Sports

Other Sports

  • Lacrosse (North America)
  • Field hockey
  • Ice hockey
  • Basketball (North America)
  • baseball (North America)

References

  1. or Sun worship, Syncretism of Roman Catholicism and Inca region.
  2. German: Donau Bund Hungarian: Dunai Szövetsé: Czech: Konfederace Dunaje, Slovak:Konfederácia Dunaja: Croatian: Konfederacija Dunava Serbian: Конфедерација Дунава Rumanian: Confederația Dunării
  3. Балкания (Bulgarian), Балканија / Balkanija (Serbo-Croatian)
  4. OTL Shkodër
  5. or simply Russia (Russian: Россия, tr. Rossiya)
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