Alternative History
Advertisement


References

Principia Moderni III

Principia Moderni, or "The Beginning of the Modern" in late Latin, was a map game beginning in the final days of the Middle Ages in Europe, and the early days of the Ming Dynasty in China - in 1400 CE, a turbulent era; in other words, an era of change; an era in which power is cemented. The first game was perhaps the most successful map game on the wiki in terms of length, finishing without dying and plausible expansions. However, it did have its problems, and has now finished. The second game, instead of being a worthy successor to the first, was marred by over-expansionism, feuds between players, ambiguity in the rules, which often caused controversy on wars between player nations, over-competitiveness and overall inactivity of the moderators, but was nevertheless successful in reaching the Modern Age. And thus, this third installment has been created. Welcome to Principia Moderni III!

Lombardy

Kingdom of Lombardy (English)
Regno d'Lombardia(Italian)
Langobardiae Regnum (Latin)
Timeline: Principia Moderni III (Map Game)
OTL equivalent: Duchy of Milan
Flag of the Duchy of Milan (1450).svg 1503 - Present
Coat of arms
CapitalMilan
Official languages Italian
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Feudal monarchy
 -  King Leopold I
Establishment
 -  Reformed into Kingdom 1503 
 -  Spanish Annexation 1560 
 -  Treaty of Toledo (Independence) 1749 
Currency Scudo


The Kingdom of Lombardy is a constituent state of the Holy Roman Empire in northern Italy. It was created in 1503, following the merger of the Duchy of Milan, and its territories of Padua and Ravenna. The Kingdom of Lombardy arose from Milan, which had been created from a collection of twenty-six towns and a wide rural area of the middle Padan Plain, east of the hills of Montferrat. For much of its early existence, the duchy was separated from the sea and other nations by Savoy to the west, Venice to the east, the Swiss Confederacy to the north, and Genoa to the south. By the late fifteenth century, however, the duchy had grown to be one of the most powerful Italian states, outside of the Kingdom of Italy to the south.

Milan took part in a successful invasion of Italy, granting the duchy control over most of northern Italy, while the Kingdom of Spain secured Italy proper. During the reign of Stephano the Great the duchy would be reformed into the Kingdom of Lombardy, and the region would experience one of its first golden ages. Lombardy served on the forefront of cultural innovation, as one of the leading patrons of the arts in Europe, becoming home to some of the continent's most renown renaissance painters and sculptors.

In the late sixteenth century the Kingdom of Lombardy was invaded by its former ally Spain through Italy, being conquered by the House of Habsburg. Spanish rule would continue for the next century, under which the former Visconti family continued to grow influential in the area. In 1749 the last Spanish ruler of Lombardy would be defeated in the War of the Grand Coalition, in which Lombardy managed to secure its independence. Giovanni Visconti was appointed leader of all Italian forces against Spain, leading allied forces to victory in northern Europe, alongside other great generals such as Eugene of Savoy.

After the war's conclusion with the Treaty of Toledo, Leopold II von Habsburg of the Netherlands and Westphalia was appointed king in Lombardy, with Giovanni Visconti as regent. An agreement soon after the war would be signed, which placed Giovanni's son (Leopold's grandson), Stephano von Habsburg-Visconti, as heir apparent to the throne of Lombardy. This would mark the return of the Visconti to power in Lombardy.

War of the Grand Coalition

The War of the Grand Coalition (for other names, see below) was a major global conflict lasting from 1737 to 1749, and is to date one of the largest European conflicts in history, as well across the entire globe. The War of the Grand Coalition would break out at a time in European history in which major powers extended their influence across multiple continents, through colonies, protectorates, and trade partners, eventually escalating this conflict into an intercontinental war, pitting the majority of Europe's major nations in direct conflict.

The war would began in 1737 with the formation of the 'Grand Coalition', a temporary alliance of some of Europe's most powerful nations, including France, Britannia, the Netherlands, and several others, for the purpose of combating Spanish global dominance and hegemony. By this time the Empire of Hispania had managed to exert its influence over a proportionate amount of the world's population and territory, leading to breakdown of a balance of power, deemed critical to European stability by its states. Initially the Grand Coalition sought to reduce Spanish power, returning Europe to a state of balance between the major powers. As the war escalated, the war soon descended into the complete partitioning of Spanish possessions between the belligerents of the war, while Spain concurrently fell into a state of economic and political turmoil.

Faced with large-scale occupation of its colonial possessions and territory proper, in 1749 the Empire of Hispania was forced to surrender to the Grand Coalition and its allies. In the ensuing peace treaties, the largest of which being the Treaty of Toledo, Spain was forced to cede the majority of its colonial empire. This treaty and the ensuing peace also led to the development of a number of crucial concepts in European and international politics, including the Leopoldine Doctrine, and the Régime Équilibré, a pivotal doctrine coined in France which declared the nation's intentions to maintain a status quo.

House of Visconti

 
 
 
Gian Galeazzo
(1351 – 1402)
 
 
 
Caterina
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Antonia Malatesta of Cesena
 
Giovanni Maria
(1388 – 1444)
 
Filippo Maria
(1392 – 1447)
 
Antonia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bianca
(1425 - 1468)
 
Francesco I Sforza
(1401 – 1466)
 
Marco
(1435 - 1501)
 
Maria da Carrara
 
Francesco
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Matteo
(1440)
 
Valentina
 
Lucrezia
 
Mircea II
(1455)
 
Stephano the Great
(1456-1536)
 
Anna von Nassau-Orleans
 
Bonacossa
(1460)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Teobaldo
(1465)
 
Anastasia
(1469)
 
Kyriacos of Alexandria
 
Stephan
 
Filippo
(1490)
 
 
 
Gianluigi
(1495)
 
 
  • Filippo II (1490-1567)
    • Giovani II (1539-1590)
      • Valentina (1560-1631)
    • Galeazzo III (1541-1618)
      • Bernabò II (1568-1663)
      • Viridis (1590-1665)
      • Taddea (1595-1673)
      • Gian Galeazzo II (1600-1670)
        • Caterina
        • Ludovico (1630-1660)
        • Antonia (1632-1700)
        • Carlo (1635-1711)
          • Antonia (1659-1730)
          • Marco (1663-1744)
            • Giovanni (1699) - Carolina von Habsburg-Nassau-Orleans (1705)
              • Stephano von Habsburg-Visconti (1728)
      • Rodolfo (1603-1690)
      • Maddalena (1606-1666)

Habsburg-Visconti

  • Stephano von Habsburg-Visconti (1728 - 1799
    • Giovanni IV (1748)- Elisabetta Farnese
      • Francesco (1770)
    • Maria Adelaide (1750)
    • Maria Christina (1752)
    • Tommaso, Prince of Modena (1755)

Current Order

Extra

House of Habsburg-Nassau-Orleans

  • Willem I (1488 - 1545) - Charlotte
    • Christoffel van Nassau-Orleans (Willem II) (1525 - 1591) - Sophia von Valois-Arc
      • Frederik (1565 - 1587) - Anna (1566 - 1612)
        • Karl (1583 - 1590)
      • Charlotte (1572) - Karl von Wittlesbach (1574)
      • Willem III (1570 - 1638) - Maria von Habsburg (1580)
        • Maurits I (1600)
        • Hendrik (1602)
        • Carolina (1604)
      • Anna (1574) - Claudius I Strategopoulos (1557)
        • Claudius Strategopoulos (1593)
        • Justinian Strategopoulos (1593)
      • Lodewijk (1577) - Maria Le Habsburg (1575)
        • Johan I (1593) - Elisabeth von Hohenzollern (1585)
          • Anna (1632) - Maximilian von Habsburg (1630)
            • Leopold I/II von Habsburg(-Nassau-Orleans) (1670)
        • Anna (1596)
  • Leopold I/II von Habsburg(-Nassau-Orleans) (1670 - 1760)
    • Joseph I (1703 - 1781) - Rozenn of Brittany (1720)
      • Wolfgang II of Westphalia (1740) - Leopoldine von Lippe
      • Rudolph I of the Netherlands (1745-1825)
        • Antonie I of the Netherlands (1767)
          • Willem (1788)
          • Adrianus (1791)
          • Tuur (1791)
          • Charlotte (1793)
          • Bartholomeus (1795)
          • Daphne (1797)
          • Christoffel (1799)
          • Wolfgang (1809)
        • Anna (1770)
        • Xander (1772)
        • Gert (1776)
        • Jakob (1782)
    • Carolina (1705) - Giovanni Visconti (1699)
      • Stephano von Habsburg-Visconti (1728 - 1799) (King of Lombardy)
        • Giovanni IV (1748)- Elisabetta Farnese
          • Francesco (1770)
        • Maria Adelaide (1750)
        • Maria Christina (1752)
        • Tommaso, Prince of Modena (1755)

Royal Family of Britannia

House Hamburg

  • Christian VI (1442-1514) of Oldenburg, married Lady Juliet Leinster of the House of York
    • Adelheid I of Oldenburg (1472-1542) married Duke Frederich of Hamburg
      • Frederich II (1499-1567) Duke of Hamburg
      • Richard IV, (1502-1567) Dietrich II of Oldenburg - Jacqueline I of Albion
        • William III, also Wilhelm I of Oldenburg
        • Johannes (1540)
  • Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg (1485-1533)
    • Lothar I, Margrave of Brandenburg (1518-1577)
      • Lothar II, Margrave of Brandenburg (1539-1606)
        • Magnus II, Margrave of Brandenburg (1564 - 1631) - Teresa Manrique de Figueroa
          • Otto I, Margrave of Brandenburg (1594-?)
          • Albert II (1596-1680)
      • Cymburgis - William III, also Wilhelm I of Oldenburg
        • Mary I (1582-1666)
        • Alfred I (1586-1660)
    • Johann (1520-?)
      • Frederick (1542-?)
        • Otto (1575-?)
          • Frederick (1596-1661)

House of Habsburg-Brandenburg

  • Albert II (1596-1680) - Elizabeth of Essex
    • George I (1630) - Caroline of Ansbach
      • Albert III (1670-1700)
    • William (1633-1689)
    • Anne (1635-1700)
  • Otto I, Margrave of Brandenburg (1594-1653)
    • Frederick II (1640)

House of Edinburgh

  • James I (1698-1760)
  • Charles I (1760-)

The Old Boar Suffered

Important Links

Template:OBSmain

  • Timeline
    • Thirteenth Century
  • Wars
    • War of the Axes
    • Twenty Years' War
    • Saintonge War
  • People
  • Nations
    • Kingdom of England
    • Kingdom of Denmark
    • Kingdom of Norway
    • Jórvík
    • Suðreyjar

Jarls of England

  • England
    • House of Knýtlinga
      • Cnut the Great (1012 - 1035)
      • Harold Harefoot (1036 - 1038)
      • Harthacnut (1038 - 1042)
      • Harold Sveinsson (1042 - 1083)
      • Sweyn II (1083 - )
  • Wessex
    • House of Hvitserk
      • Ormar I
      • Alfr I
      • Ormar II
      • ??
      • Borkvard I (-1043)
      • Alfr II (1043 - 1051)
    • Oxeborg Branch
      • Gudfred (1051 - 1055)
      • Kolbjörn (1055 - )
  • Cornwall
    • House of Oxeborg (Hvitserk)
      • Ragnarr I (882 - 934)
      • Halfdan I (934 - 953)
      • Ragnarr II (953 - 980)
      • Kolbjörn I (980 - 1001)
      • Ragnarr III (1001 - 1002)
      • Ivar (1002 - 1015)
      • Gudfred I (1015 - 1055)
      • Ragnarr IV (1055 - )
  • East Anglia
    • House of Guthrum
      • Guthrum (879 – 890)
      • Eohric (890 - 904)
    • House of Hvitserk
      • Rögnvaldr (904 - 963)
      • Alvör I (963 - 999)
      • Guðfrið I (999 - 1012)
    • Non Dynastic
      • Thorkell the Tall (1012 - 1021)
      • Osgod Clapa (1021 - 1030)
    • House of Hvitserk
      • Borkvard I (1030 - 1039)
      • Guðfrið II (1039 - 1043)
      • Alvör II (1043)
    • House of Knýtlinga
      • Harold II of England (1043 - 1060)
      • Ragvald I (1060 - )
  • Jorvik
    • House of Hvitserk
      • Halfdan I (866 - 898)
      • Sigfrið (898 - 920)
      • Rögnvaldr (920 - 963)
      • Styrbjörn (963 - 1008)
      • Anlaufr the Old (1008 - 1009)
    • House of Knýtlinga
      • Sweyn Forkbeard (1009 - 1011)
    • House of Wessex
      • Æthelred (1011 - 1012)
    • House of Hlaðir
      • Eric Haakonsson (1012 - 1029)
    • House of Hvitserk
      • Guðfrið (1029 - 1033)
      • Halfdan II (1033 - 1041)
    • House of Bamburgh
      • Uhtred (1041 - 1043)
    • House of Hvitserk
      • Halfdan III (1043 - 1044)
    • House of Knýtlinga
      • Haakon Sveinsson (1044 - 1070)
      • Olaf Haakonsson (1070 - 1124)
      • Svein Olafsson (1124 - 1180)
    • Haakon Sveinsson (1180 - 1214)
  • Five Boroughs
    • House of Hlaðir
      • Haakon Ericsson (1016 - 1029)
      • Einar Thambarskelfir (1034 - 1045)
    • House of Estridsen
      • Beorn I Estrithson (1045 - 1049)
      • Ulf I Beornsson (1049 - 1055)
      • Styrbjörn I Beornsson (1055 -1076)
    • House of Knýtlinga
      • Ragnvald Haroldsson (1076 - 1083)
      • Alfvin (1083 - 1099)
  • Mercia
    • House of Estridsen
      • Ulf Thorgilsson (1012 - 1026)
    • House of Hwicce
      • Leofric (1026 - 1040)
      • Ælfgar (1040 - 1044)
    • House of Estridsen
      • Sweyn I (1044 - 1076)
      • Thorgil I (1076 - 1080)
      • Ulf II (1080 - 1100)
      • Eilaf (1100 - 1127)
      • Sweyn II (1127 - 1130)
      • Eric I (1130 - 1136)
      • Valdemar I (1136 - 1179)
      • Eric I, Jarl of Mercia (1179 - 1211)
      • Edmund, Jarl of Mercia (1211 - 1226)
      • Sweyn III, Jarl of Mercia (1226 - 1236)
      • Thorgil II (1236 - 1270)
      • Abel I (1270)
      • Christopher I (1270 - 1286)
      • Eric II (1286 - 1291)
      • Valdemar II (1291 - )

House of Estridsen

  • Eilaf, Jarl of Mercia (1075 - 1127)
    • Sweyn II, Jarl of Mercia (1095 - 1130)
    • Eric I, Jarl of Mercia (1100 - 1136)
    • Valdemar I, Jarl of Mercia (1104 - 1179)
      • Eric I, Jarl of Mercia (1140 - 1211)
      • Canute (1179 - 1203)
      • Edmund, Jarl of Mercia (1184 - 1226)
        • Sweyn III, Jarl of Mercia (1209 - 1236)
          • Christopher, Greve of Vervik (1230 - 1234)
        • Thorgil II, Jarl of Mercia (1236 - 1270)
          • Christopher, Greve of Vervik (1149 - 1265)
        • Eric (1215 - 1268)
          • Christopher I, King of the Tamworth Union (1239 - 1286)
            • Eric II, Jarl of Mercia (1263 - 1291)
          • Charles, Jarl of Gloiuborg (1241 - 1285)
    • Canute (1112 - 1195)
      • Abel (1151 - 1229)
        • Eric (1194 - 1230)
          • Sweyn (1214 - 1263)
            • Abel I, Jarl of Mercia (1241 - 1270)

House of Hereford

  • Ulf I, King of England, Jarl of Gloiuborg - Eleanor of Aquitaine
    • Harold, Duke of Aquitaine
  • -Gunhilde of Gloiuborg
    • Sweyn III, King of England - Joana
      • Harold III, King of England
        • Harold the Black Prince, Jarl of Essex, Baron of Aalst - Gertrude of Flanders
          • Sweyn IV, King of England
        • Christopher I, King of England
          • Harthacnut III, King of England - Margaret of Anjou
            • Sweyn V, King of England - Gytha of Mercia
              • Harold Sweynsson
          • Sophie - Guthrum, Jarl of Sussex, Thegn of Fjallborg
            • Margaret - Ralph Blar, Jarl of Grantebru, Greve of Petersborg
              • Frey, Lendmenn of Kynlingr - Jorunn of Kynlingr
              • Eirik
              • Margaret
            • Eirik, Jarl of Sussex
            • Thorgil, Thegn of Fjallborg
              • Freyja
              • Guthrum, Thegn of Fjallborg
        • Otto, Jarl of Jorvik
          • Ulf, Jarl of Jorvik
            • Harold IV, King of England
              • Ulf II, King of England
              • Haakon, Jarl of Jorvik
      • Eric Sweynsson, Duke of Guyenne
        • Harold Ericsson, Duke of Guyenne
          • Eric II Haroldsson, Duke of Guyenne
            • Svein Ericsson
          • Christopher Haroldsson, Jarl of Kent
            • Eric Christophersson, Jarl of Kent
            • Henrik Christophersson, Duke of Guyenne
      • Olaf, Jarl of Gloiuborg
        • Sigurd, Jarl of Gloiuborg
          • Sigrid
        • Ormar, Jarl of Gloiuborg
    • Bjorn, Jarl of the Five Boroughs, Duke of Brittany
      • Alfvin II, Jarl of the Five Boroughs
        • Rolf, Jarl of the Five Boroughs, Greve of Rutland
          • Frey
        • Niels, Jarl of the Five Boroughs, Greve of Torksey
          • Bjorn, Jarl of the Five Boroughs
        • Erlend, Jarl of the Five Boroughs, Greve of Stamford
          • Randolf - Ragnfrid Blár
      • Ranulf, Duke of Brittany
        • Audo, Duke of Brittany

House of Anker

  • Olaf, Thegn of Hastings
    • Gudmund (1217 - 1271), Greve of Suðseax, Greve of Suthringa, Captain of Calais, Thegn of Hastings
      • Einar (1249 - 1321), Duke of Picardy - Isabelle of Luxembourg
        • Gudmund (1280), Duke of Picardy
          • Einar (1323), Duke of Picardy
            • Gudmund (1350), Duke of Picardy
            • Olaf (1352), Thegn of Hastings
            • Hilda (1353) - Sweyn, Jarl of Kent
          • Krystiana (1326)
          • Olaf (1327), Count of Naours
          • Svana (1329)
          • Erica (1332)
        • Charles (1282), Count of Eu
          • Olaf (1316 - 1374), Count of Eu
            • Charles (1342 - 1374)
            • Margaret (1344)
            • Hugh (1347)
        • Erica (1283) - Hugh of Calais (1277)
          • Olaf (1305), Captain of Calais
      • Matilda - Svein Ericsson, Duke of Guyenne
      • Erica - Harold Sweynsson - Ulf II, King of England
    • Brynjarr, Greve of Bedford
      • Harold, Greve of Bedford
        • Andor (1284), Greve of Bedford
        • Guthrum (1286), Thegn of Skarðaborg
          • Harold (1321), Thegn of Skarðaborg
          • Yngvar (1324), Count of Tournai
        • Hilda (1287)
        • Einar (1289), Thegn of Leaborg
          • Ingolf (1319), Thegn of Leaborg
          • Eirik (1325)
    • Eystein, Jarl of Jórvík
      • Olaf, Jarl of Jórvík

House of Kondór

  • Svein (1249), Jarl of Suðhand, Greve of Monmouth, Greve of Wenwyn, Thegn of Redvik, Lendmann of Kondór - Jorun Hereford of the Five Boroughs
    • Rolf (1270), Jarl of Suðhand, Greve of Monmouth
      • Svein (1291), Jarl of Suðhand
      • Edwyn (1293), Greve of Monmouth
      • Vidar (1294), Lendmann of Kondór
    • Amund (1271), Thegn of Redvik
      • Iestyn (1308)
    • Ivar (1274), Greve of Ragnarland - Margaret Oxeborg
      • Sten (1298), Greve of Ragnarland
      • Tormod (1299), Thegn of Painscastle

House of Clegyraidd (Clegane)

  • Iorwerth Clegyraidd (1085 - 1153)
    • Owain ap Iorwerth (1114 - 1181)
      • Ifan ap Owain (1145 - 1212)
        • Caswallon ap Ifan (1174 - 1249)
        • Caradog ap Ifan (1176 - 1255) - Freyja of Mercia (1180 - 1251)
          • Owain (1207 - 1274)
          • Sweyn (1210 - 1282)
            • Craddock (1244 - 1306)
              • Amund (1265 - 1336), Greve of Forwyn, Thegn of Ruthyn
                • Gregor (1301 - 1377), Greve of Forwyn, Thegn of Ruthyn
                • Andor (1304 - 1370), Thegn of Wrexheim
          • Gwenllian (1212 - 1281) - Gruffudd of Ruthyn (1220 - 1308)
            • Dafydd ap Gruffudd (1254 - 1314)
      • Gwladus (1147 - 1202) - Rhodri ab Owain Gwynedd (1146 – 1195)
        • Tomas ap Rhodri ab Owain Gwynedd (1173 - 1229)

House of Skomakar

  • Gunnar (1243 - 1300), Lendmann Skomakar
    • Siri (1267 - 1311)
    • Thom (1270 - 1339), Lendmann of Skomakar
      • Alfhind (1304 - 1386) - Eirik Kynligr
        • Harthacnut (1338 - 1404), Lendmann Kynligr
        • Gunnar (1341 - 1416), Lendmann Skomakar

House of Oxeborg (Post-Ascension)

  • Sweyn VI (1262 - 1326), King of England
    • Ormar I (1295 - 1330), King of England, Jarl of Wales
    • Anlaufr I (1297 - 1365), King of England, Duke of Aquitaine
      • Sigurd II (1334 - 1396), King of England, Count of Audenge, Count of Sarlat
      • Ormar II (1339 - 1408), King of England, Count of Bazas
      • Svana (1340 - ) - Peter I (1334), King of Castile
      • Thorfinn of Skogland (1342 - 1429), Greve of Sussex, Count of Marmande
      • Cnut (1345 - 1393), Greve of Tvǫgr, Count of Castillon
      • Charles (1348 - 1413), Thegn of Blómund
      • William (1350 - 1431), Count of Bordeaux
    • Edmund the Black (1301 - 1373), Duke of Aquitaine
      • Harold V (1354 - 1420), King of England, Count of Audenge
        • Alfr I (1388 - 1429), King of England, Count of Sarlat
        • Ormar II (1390 - 1442), King of England
      • Cnut (1361 - 1443), Thegn of Falmund
    • Sigurd (1302 - 1383), Jarl of Wessex
      • Edmund I (1339 - 1412), King of England, Count of Corbie
        • Sigurd (1368 - 1436), Count of Corbie
          • Ivar (1390 - 1441), Count of Corbie
            • Sweyn VII (1423 - 1496), King of England, Count of Corbie
              • Anlaufr (1454 - 1490), Count of Corbie
              • Ormar (1458 - 1489)
              • Ivar (1460 - 1481)
            • Ragnar (1426 - 1510)
        • Svana (1371 - 1435)
        • Margaret (1374 - 1443) - Dietrich (1398 - 1440), Count of Oldenburg
          • Christian (1426 - 1481)
      • Gudfred (1341 - 1411), Greve of Wight
        • Alfr II (1378 - 1429), King of England, Greve of Wight, Thegn of Totland
          • Edmund II (1419 - 1505), King of England, King of England, Greve of Wight, Thegn of Totland
      • Ivar (1344 - 1419), Greve of Nyrskog
    • Bjorn (1304 - 1385), Jarl of Wessex
    • Amund of Caerdydd (1306 - 1369), Lendmann of Usk
      • Styrbjörn (1340 - 1422), Lendmann of Usk
      • Jón Rögnvald (1341 - 1418), Archbishop of Canterbury
      • Sweyn (1344 - 1392)
    • Halfdan (1307), Thegn of Pilvík

Oddaverjar

  • Sæmundur Sigfússon (1056–1133)
    • Loftur Sæmundsson ( -1163)
      • Jón Loftsson ( -1197)
        • Sæmundur (1154-1222)
          • Andrés Sæmundsson
            • Þórður Andrésson ( -1264)
              • Sæmundur (1237)
                • Þórður (1266)
              • Jón Útlendingurinn (1240 - 1308) - Sigrid Ottosdóttir (1261)
                • Ulf of Inverayr (1283 - 1331)
                • Sæmundur (1285 - 1359)
              • Loftur
              • Páll
            • Magnús Agnar
            • Eyjólfur
            • Brandur
          • Hálfdan á Keldum
          • Steinvarar Sighvatsdóttur
          • Helga
          • Solveig
          • Margrét
          • Brandur
          • Harald
          • Vilhjálm
            • Theobaldo
            • Kristófórus Vilhjálmsson
          • Filippus
            • Randalin
        • Páll Jónsson (1155-1211), Bishop of Skálholt
          • Sólveig
        • Orm?
          • Hallveig Ormsdottir - Snorri Sturluson (1179 – 1241)

Sturlungar

  • Sturla Þórðarson of Hvammur (1116 - 1183) - Guðný Böðvarsdóttir
    • Vigdís
    • Helga
    • Þórðr Sturluson (1165 - 1237) - Gudrun Bjarnadóttir
      • Böðvar - Sigríðar Arnórsdóttir Tumasonar
        • Þorgils cleft Böðvarsson (1226 - 1258)
          • Steinunni
    • -Thora Jóndóttir
      • Þorleifur Þórðarson
      • Olafur Thordarson hvítaskáld (c. 1210 - 1259)
      • Sturla Þórðarson (1214 – 1284) - Helga Þórðardóttir
        • Ingibjörg Sturludóttir (1240) - Hall Gissursson
    • Sighvatr Sturluson (c. 1170 – 1238) - Halldóra Tumadóttir
      • Tumi Sighvatsson (1198 - 1222)
      • Sturla Sighvatsson (1199 – 1238) - Sólveig Sæmundursdóttir
      • Kolbeinn ( -1238)
      • Markús ( -1238)
      • Steinvor Sighvatsdóttir ( -1271)
      • Þórður kakali Sighvatsson (1210 - 1256)
      • Þórður hook Sighvatsson ( -1238)
      • Tumi Sighvatsson yngri (1222 - 1244) - Þuríði
        • Sigvat
    • Snorri Sturluson (1179 – 1241) - Herdís Bersisdóttir
      • Hallbera - Arni Magnusson - Kolbeinn the Younger
      • Jón Murti (1203 -1231)
    • -Hallveig Ormsdottir (c. 1199-1241)
      • Ingibjörg (1208 - 1233) - Gissur Þorvaldsson
    • -Oddný
      • Þórdís Snorradóttir
    • -Þuríðar Hallsdóttur
      • Órækja
  • -Olof Vilhjálmsdóttir
    • Sveinn
    • Helga
    • Þuríður
      • Dufgus Þorleifsson
      • Dufgussynir
    • Valgerður
    • Sigríður
  • -Ingibjörg Þorgeirsdóttir
    • Steinunn
    • Þórdís
  • -Other
    • Halldór
    • Björn
    • Sveinn

Karlsefni

  • Thord of Hofdi - Thorgerd
    • Snorri Þórðarson - Thorhild the Ptarmigan
      • Thord Horsehead - Thorunn
        • Thorfinn Karlsefni - Gudrid Thorbjarnardóttir
          • Snorri Thorfinnsson, Chief of Leifsbudir
            • Hallfrid Snorradottir
              • Thorlak Runolfsson, Bishop of Risiholt
            • Steinunn - Einar of Espihóll
              • Thorstein the Unjust, King of Thorseyland, Chief of Bjǫrnheim
            • Thorgeir Snorrason, Lawspeaker of Vinland, Chief of Leifsbudir
              • Snorri, Chief of Leifsbudir
              • Thorfinn, Chief of Nyrhǫfn
              • Gudrid
              • Leif, Lord of Seyðirey, Chief of Salrvik
              • Yngvild Thorgeirsdottir - Sæmundur Grímsson
                • Brand Sæmundarsson, Bishop of Hólar
          • Thorbjorn Thorfinnsson
            • Thorunn Thorbjarnardottir - Gils Einarsson
              • Björn Gilsson ( -1181)
              • Björn Gilsson (c. 1100 - 1162)
              • Þórný - Jón Sigmundsson, King of Hvítramannaland, Chief of Hvítrvik
                • Einar, King of Hvítramannaland
                • Thorbjorn, Chief of Hafnarborg

Possible Plan

England


Sudreyjar

  • High Kings Era ( - 1230)
    • Sigtrygg III (1039 - 1112)
    • Glúniairn II (1060 - 1137)
      • War with the Crovan (1112 - 1113)
      • War in Munster against Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair (1114)
      • Oxeborg Conquest of Cork (1117)
      • Gwynedd War (1120 - 1122)
      • Conquest of Ǫngullsey (1123)
    • Harald Ragnallsson (1095 - 1157)
      • War with Connacht (1143 - 1160)
      • War with Waterford (1137)
    • Gofraid V (1130 - 1185)
    • Ivar III (1165 - 1223)
    • Ivar IV (1202 - 1228)
  • Orkney Era (1228 - 1231)
    • Harald II Erlendsson (1194 - 1231)
      • War with Orkney (1228 - 1231)
  • Crovan Era (1231 - 1473)
    • Olaf the Black (1170 - 1237)
      • Crowan Ascension (1231)
    • Harald III (1202 - 1248)
    • Ragnvald II (1210 - 1249)
    • Magnus II (1214 - 1265)
    • Sigtrygg IV (1236 - 1310)
      • Union with Dublin (1269)
      • Invasion of Wales (1307)
    • Ragnall III (1275 - 1352)
      • War in Deheubarth (1311)
      • Establishment of the Oireachtas (1336)
  • Irish Dualism (1473 - 1610)

Second Crusade

Under contruction icon-red.svg The following page is under construction.

Please do not edit or alter this article in any way while this template is active. All unauthorized edits may be reverted on the admin's discretion. Propose any changes to the talk page.

Second Crusade
The Old Boar Suffered
Part of the Crusades
Near East 1135.svg
Map of the Near East in 1135, showing the crusader states established in the Levant following the First Crusade.
Date 1145–1149
Location Iberia, Near East (Anatolia, Levant, Palestine), Egypt
Result
  • Decisive Christian victory in the Holy Land
  • Decisive Crusader victories in Iberia
  • Restoration of the County of Edessa
  • Peace treaty between the Byzantine Empire and Seljuq Turks
  • Establishment of Christian Damascus and Aleppo
  • Beginning of crusader advances into Egypt
Belligerents
Kingdom of Jerusalem
  • Knights Templar
  • Knights Hospitaller
  • 15px Knights of Holy Sepulchre
  • Knights of Saint Lazarus

15px County of Tripoli
15px Principality of Antioch
20px Francia

  • 15px Normandy
  • Anjou
  • Flanders
  • 15px Montferrat
  • Savoy
  • Bar
  • Lorraine
  • 15px Burgundy
  • Provence

Holy Roman Empire

  • Saxony
  • Northern March
  • Bavaria
  • Swabia
  • Styria
  • Bohemia

15px Kingdom of Portugal
15px County of Barcelona
15px León and Castile
Republic of Genoa
Republic of Pisa
15px Kingdom of Denmark
Byzantine Empire

15px Kingdom of England

  • Brittany
  • 15px Aquitaine

15px Kingdom of Poland
15px Kingdom of Sicily


Eastern front:

Seljuq Sultanate
Emirate of Zengids
15px Abbasid Caliphate
Fatimid Caliphate
Assassins:

  • 15px Nizari Ismailis of Syria


Western front:
Almoravids

  • Taifa of Valencia
  • Taifa of Murcia
Commanders and leaders
Melisende of Jerusalem

Baldwin III of Jerusalem
15px Raymond II of Tripoli
15px Raymond of Poitiers
File:Arms of the Kingdom of France (Ancien).svg Louis VII of France
15px Thoros II of Armenia
Raynald of Châtillon
15px Afonso I of Portugal
15px Alfonso VII of León and Castile
15px Ramon Berenguer IV
Conrad III of Germany
Ottokar III of Styria
Manuel I Komnenos
Thierry of Alsace
15px Geoffrey V of Anjou
Vladislaus II of Bohemia
15px Robert de Craon]
15px Everard des Barres
15px Vladislaus II the Exile
Henry the Lion
Albert the Bear
15px Canute V of Denmark
15px Sweyn III of Denmark
Frederick I Barbarossa
Anselm of Havelberg
Conrad the Great
Otto of Freising
15px Roger II of Sicily

Eastern front:
Mesud I
Imad ad-Din Zengi
Saif ad-Din Ghazi I
15px Al-Muqtafi
Al-Hafiz

Western front: Tashfin ibn Ali Ibrahim ibn Tashfin
Ishaq ibn Ali
Abd al-Mu'min


Wends:
Niklot
Pribislav
Ratibor I of Pomerania

Strength
Germans: 20,000 menTemplate:Sfn
French: 15,000 menTemplate:Sfn


Bretland

Kingdom of Bretland
Timeline: The Old Boar Suffered
OTL equivalent: United Kingdom
. 1920 - Present
Map of England
CapitalLondon
Official languages English
Demonym English
Religion Roman Catholicism
Government Monarchy
 -  King Sweyn IX
 -  Royal House Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

Thing from Scraw

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Duke of Aquitaine
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Duke of Aquitaine
 
Saintogne Woman
 
Saintogne Man
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Duke of Aquitaine
 
Halfdan
 
Saintogne Man
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Duke of Aquitaine
 
Sweyn VI
 
Saintogne Woman
 
Charles VII of France
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anlaufr of England
 
Philip of France
 
John of France

OTL Dynasties

House of Windsor

House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Miscellaneous

Pierce Family

  • Benjamin Pierce
    • Benjamin Pierce (1757 - 1839), Governor of New Hampshire (1827 - 1828, 1829 - 1830), US Representative from New Hampshire (1789 - 1802) - Elizabeth Andrews
      • Elizabeth Andrews Pierce (1788 - 1855) - John McNeil Jr. (1784 - 1850),Army Brigadier general
        • John Winfield Scott McNeil (1817-1837), Army First Lieutenant
        • Frances Maria McNeil (c.1818-1892) - Chandler Eastman Potter, New Hampshire judge
        • Benjamin Pierce McNeil (1825-1853), First Lieutenant
        • Elizabeth A. McNeil (1820-1915) - Henry Washington Benham, Brigadier General
    • -Anna Kendrick
      • Benjamin Kendrick Pierce (August 29, 1790 – 1850), lieutenant colonel - Josette Laframboise
        • Harriet Josephine Pierce (1818–1854) - James B. Ricketts, Major General
          • Mary Brewerton Ricketts - William Montrose Graham, General
        • Benjamin Langdon Pierce (1820–1820)
      • -Amanda Boykin
        • Elizabeth Boykin Pierce (1827–1847)
        • Charlotte Boykin Pierce (1828–1852)
        • Henry Jackson Pierce (1829–1830)
        • Amanda Boykin Pierce (1830–1857)
        • Benjamin Kendrick Pierce, Jr. (1831 - 1914), US Representative from New Hampshire (1869 - 1890), First Lieutenant
          • Benjamin Kendrick Pierce, III (1866 - 1936), US Senator from New Hampshire (1908 - 1918), US Representative from New Hampshire (1900 - 1908)
            • Benjamin Kendrick Pierce, IV (1909 - Present), US Representative from New Hampshire (1972 - 1980), Mayor of Concord (1964 – 1972)
              • Franklin Pierce (1940 - Present)
              • Elizabeth Pierce (1943 - Present)
            • John Scott Pierce (1911 - Present), Brigadier General
              • John Scott Pierce, Jr. (1935 - Present), City Manager of Concord (1976 - Present), Councilman of Concord (1967 - 1976)
              • Seth Francis Pierce (1938 - Present), Alderman of Manchester (1970 - Present)
          • Henry Franklin Pierce (1868 - 1939), Army Colonel
          • Harriet Pierce (1870 - 1948)
      • Nancy M. Pierce (November 2, 1792 – 1837)
      • John Sullivan Pierce (November 5, 1796 – September 28, 1824), First Lieutenant
      • Harriet B. Pierce (1800–1837)
      • Charles Grandison Pierce (1803–1828)
      • Franklin Pierce (November 23, 1804 – 1869), 14th President of the United States - Jane Means Appleton
        • Franklin, Jr. (February 2–5, 1836)
        • Frank Robert (August 27, 1839 – November 14, 1843)
        • Benjamin (April 13, 1841 – January 6, 1853)
      • Charlotte Pierce, d. in infancy.
      • Henry Dearborn Pierce (September 19, 1812 – 1880)


Tr0llis/Sandbox

Member of the U.S. House of
Representatives
from
New Hampshire's First District
Assumed office
1972
Mayor of Concord
In office
1972 - 1980 – 1964
Personal details
Born Benjamin Kendrick Pierce, IV
30 May 1909
Nashua, New Hampshire
Nationality American
Political party Democrat
Spouse(s) Mary Jefferds (m. 1939)
Children With Mary Jefferds
  • Franklin Pierce (1940 - Present)
  • Elizabeth Pierce (1943 - Present)
Residence Concord, New Hampshire
Alma mater Boston College

Harvard Law School

Occupation Politician
Religion Episcopal
Military service
Service/branch United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1941-1945
Rank Master Sergent
Battles/wars World War II

(Pacific Theater)

Awards Silver Star ribbon.svg Silver Star

Purple Heart Bar.svg Purple Heart (x2)

Principia Moderni IV

House of Plantagenet

  • Henry III of England, 1207–1272
    • Edward I of England, 1239–1307
      • John of England, 1266–1271
      • Henry of England, 1267–1274
      • Alphonso, Earl of Chester, 1273–1284
      • Edward II of England, 1284–1327
        • Edward III of England, 1312–1377
          • Edward, the Black Prince, 1330–1376
            • Edward, 1365–1372
            • Richard II of England, 1367–1400
          • William of Hatfield, 1337–1337
          • Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, 1338–1368
            • Philippa, 5th Countess of Ulster, 1355–1381, married Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March
              • Elizabeth Mortimer, 1371–1417 married Henry Percy (Hotspur)
                • To the Earls of Northumberland
                • Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, 1373–1398, married Eleanor daughter of Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent and Alice Holland, Countess of Kent granddaughter of Eleanor of Lancaster
                • Anne de Mortimer, 1373–1399, married Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge (see below) and it is through her descent from Lionel that the House of York claimed precedence over the House of Lancaster.
                  • To the House of York
                  • Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, 1391–1425, heir presumptive to Richard II
              • Thomas of England, 1347–1348
              • John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster
                • John of Lancaster, 1362–1365
                • Edward Plantagenet, 1365–1368
                • John Plantagenet, 1366–1367
                • Henry IV of England, 1366–1413
                  • Edward Plantagenet, 1382–1382
                  • Henry V of England, 1387–1422 - Catherine of Valois
                    • Henry, 1421
                    • John, 1422
                    • Mary, 1424
                    • Edward, 1427
                • Thomas, Duke of Clarence, 1387–1421 - Margaret Percy (1372), daughter of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland
                  • John, Duke of Clarence (1406)
                  • William of Clarence (1408)
                • John, Duke of Bedford, 1389–1435
                • Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, 1390–1447
              • John, 1374–1375
              • John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, 1373–1410
                • Henry Beaufort, 2nd Earl of Somerset, 1401–1418
                • John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, 1403–1444
                  • Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby 1430–1509, married Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond
                    • Henry VII of England
                • Thomas Beaufort, Count of Perche, 1405–1431
                • Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset, 1406–1455
                  • Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset, 1436–1464
                  • Edmund Beaufort, 4th Duke of Somerset, 1439–1471, died without issue
              • Cardinal Henry Beaufort Bishop of Winchester, 1375–1447
              • Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter, 1377–1427
                • Henry Beaufort, died young
              • Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, 1341–1402
                • Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York, 1373–1415
                • Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge, 1375–141
                  • Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, 1411–1460
              • William of Windsor, 1348–1348
              • Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, 1355–1397
                • Humphrey Plantagenet, 2nd Earl of Buckingham, 1381–1399
            • John of Eltham, Earl of Cornwall, 1316–1336
          • Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, 1300–1338
            • Edward of Norfolk, 1320–1334
            • John Plantagenet, 1328–1362
        • Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, 1301–1330
          • Edmund Plantagenet, 2nd Earl of Kent, 1326–1331
          • John Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Kent, 1330–1352
        • Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster, 1245–1296
          • Thomas Plantagenet, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, 1278–1322
          • Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, 1281–1345
            • Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster, 1310–1361
              • Maud, Countess of Leicester, 1339–1362
              • Blanche of Lancaster, married John of Gaunt
                • To House of Lancaster
          • John of Beaufort, Lord of Beaufort, 1286–1327
        • Richard of England, 1247–1256
        • John of England, 1250–1256
        • William of England, 1251–1256
        • Henry of England, 1256–1257
      • Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, 1209–1272, had 5 sons;
        • John of Cornwall, 1232–1233
        • Henry of Almain, 1235–1271
        • Nicholas of Cornwall, 1240–1240
        • Richard of Cornwall, 1246–1246
        • Edmund, 2nd Earl of Cornwall, 1249–1300