The Republic of Uyghurstan (Uyghur: Уйғурстан Республикасы, Uyghurstan Respublikası), colloquially known as Uyghurstan (Уйғурстан), is a country located in Central Asia. It is bordered in the north by Russia, in the east by Mongolia, in the south by Tibet, and in the west by Afghanistan, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, and Tajikistan. Uyghurstan achieved independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Prior to the 20th Century, the areas was under the administration of the Qing Dynasty (which referred to the area as Xinjiang or "New Frontier"). By the early 1900s, the Russian Empire was beginning to gain a sphere of influence in parts of the territory.
With the collapse of the Qing in 1911, the short-lived republic and the newly established Xian Dynasty would continue to claim the territory. It wouldn't be until the 1930s (following the suppression of an Islamic rebellion) that the Xian were able to secure their claims. Xian forces would later use Xinjiang as a forward base during their invasions of the Soviet Union and British Raj.
During World War II, many Uyghurs and Kazakhs fled across the border into the Soviet Union, with many siding with them to recapture the territory from the Xian. The Red Army captures the Ili region in 1944 and establish a communist puppet state (the Uyghur SSR). The Chinese would be forced to hand over the entirety of Xinjiang to the USSR as part of the peace process (being annexed into the USSR in 1945).
Uyghurstan proclaimed their independence from the Soviet Union in late August 1991 (following the failed August Coup). The union dissolved on December 25, at which time Uyghurstan achieved full independence. Since independence, the nation has remained friendly with Russia.
Uyghurstan is ethnically dominated by the Uyghurs. Other prominent groups include the Dungans, Kazakhs, Mongols, Russians, and Tatars.
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