Republic of the Volta
République de la Volta (French)
MottoUnity and Justice
Unité et justice (French)
AnthemUne Seule Nuit / Ditanyè (French)
One Single Night / Hymn of Victory

(and largest city)
5°33′N 0°12′W
Official languages French
national languages
23 languages

Astante Twi
Akuapem Twi
Voltan Sign Language
Ethnic groups (2016) 36.9% Various
20.0% Akan
16.0% Mossi
13.8% Ewe
7.0% Mole-Dagbon
6.3% Fon
Demonym Voltan
Membership African Union
Government Unitary presidential republic
 -  President Thomas Sankara
 -  Vice President Nana Akufo-Addo
 -  Vice President Patrice Talon
Legislature National Assembly
 -  from the Franglican Empire (Both) 19 May, 1967 
 -  Unification of Burkina Faso and Ghana 1 February, 1990 
 -  Total 774,938 km2 
299,205 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 2.08%
 -  2018 estimate 76,978,479 
 -  2010 census 59,063,000 
 -  Density 107.95/km2 
279.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
 -  Total $287.433 billion 
 -  Per capita $3,885.36 
Currency Voltan Dollar ($)
Time zone GMT
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .vt
Calling code +227

Volta, officially the Republic of Volta (French: République de la Volta), is a country in Sub-Saharan West Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea. Volta is bordered by Azawad, Nigeria, Yorubaland, Ivory Coast, and Mali.

Volta was colonised by three separate European empires. Originally created as two independent states, Ghana and Burkina Faso united in 1990.

Volta is an extremely diverse nation with no one ethnic group holding a majority.


Volta was first settled by Europeans in 1482 by the Portuguese, then known as "Portuguese Gold Coast", which was taken by the Dutch in 1598.


Following the Dutch defeat in the Dutch-Portuguese War in 1661, the Netherlands struggled to become a colonial power like France and England. During the War of Devolution, Louis XIV invaded the Netherlands which was previously neutral. The Netherlands sold colonies to England for assistance in the war against France, including the Dutch Gold Coast. The British Gold Coast saw an accelerated territorial growth during the "Scramble for Africa" late 1800s. Following the unification of France and Britain in 1941, and World War II in 1943, the Franglican Gold Coast saw envelopment into Franglican West Africa.

West Africa in 1967 after decolonisation. (Upper Volta and Ghana highlighted)

In 1967, Franglican West Africa was divided up, giving the new nation of Ghana had nearly twice as much land as the British Gold Coast that came before. Upper Volta was also carved out from Franglican West Africa.

Following President Sankara's rise to power in 1983 and the renaming of Upper Volta to Burkina Faso, relations between Ghana and Burkina Faso grew. In 1990 the two nations united under one flag and one name. President Sankara modified the anthem he made for Burkina Faso as well as learning English so he could talk directly to his new citizens in the south of the country. Before uniting, Sankara also established good relations with Mali.

Ivorian President Houphouët-Boigny condemned the union, leading to the West African War in November that year. Mali, Guinea, and Yorubaland all joined Volta, while Azawad joined Ivory Coast. The war constantly spilled into Nigeria, eventually forcing them into the war in 1993 on Volta's side. The conflict ended in 1994 when the Maghreb Union met to discuss intervening in the war, which put Morocco, Mauritania, and Algerian forces on Volta's front lines. The Treaty of Cotonou was signed. Despite winning near the end of the war, President Sankara pushed for minimal reparations to be paid by the Ivory Coast.

Modern history

Volta's ideas of unity have spread into neighbouring Yorubaland, causing a growing desire for unification between the two nations. The majority of campaigns for Volta's Vice Presidents have been centred around Yorubian relations.

Volta was also involved in the Ivorian Civil War, on the side of the Ivorian New Forces. Volta supplied resources and volunteers that were considered "vital to the war". The conflict ended in 2005 with President Gbagbo captured.



Volta consists of seven regions. After the unification in 1990, Volta's internal borders were realigned away from colonial borders in an attempt to prevent borders from splitting the ethnic groups that inhabit the region.

States Capital
Central-West Tamale
Northwest Bobo-Dioulasso
Central-North Ouagadougou
Northeast Niamey
Central-East Djougou
Southeast Cotonou
Southwest Accra

Regions of Volta


Foreign relations

Africa and the Middle East

Country Relations Notes
Algeria Positive Algeria assisted Volta in the West African War.
Arabia Neutral
Azawad Hostile Azawad and Volta fought against each other in the West African War. Azawad also funds the separatist Tuareg groups in Northeast Region.
Biafra Negative Many English speaking Biafrans immigrate to Volta every year taking advantage of Volta's border control ability and comparatively higher wealth.
Cape Verde Neutral
Central African Republic Neutral
Chad Neutral
Comoros Neutral
Congo Neutral
Egypt Neutral
Equatorial Guinea Neutral
Eritrea Neutral
Ethiopia Neutral
Gabon Neutral
Guinea Positive Guinea and Volta fought together in the West African War.
Guinea-Bissau Positive Guinea-Bissau is an ally of Guinea.
Ivory Coast Positive The current regime in Ivory Coast was placed in power by Volta.
Katanga Neutral
Kenya Neutral
Kurdistan Neutral
Libya Negative Libya opposed Maghrebi intervention in the West African War and supplied no troops, as well as currently doing nothing to combat Tuareg expansion in the south of their country.
Madagascar Neutral
Mali Very Positive Mali and Volta fought together in the West African War. Mali is also hostile to Azawad.
Mauritania Positive Mauritania assisted Volta in the West African War.
Mauritius Neutral
Mesopotamia Neutral
Morocco Positive Morocco assisted Volta in the West African War.
Nigeria Positive Nigeria and Volta fought together in the West African War.
North Sudan Neutral
Oman Neutral
São Tomé and Príncipe Neutral
Seychelles Neutral
Somalia Neutral
South Africa Neutral
Sudan Neutral
Tanzania Neutral
Turkey Neutral
United Arab Emirates Neutral
West Sahara Positive West Sahara is a member of the Maghreb Union which assisted Volta in the West African War.
Yemen Neutral
Yorubaland Very Positive Yorubaland has been influenced by Volta's position on Unity, and the two nations have began cooperating on many areas.
Zambezia Neutral


  • Franglia:
    Volta and Franglia have positive relations as both are part of the Commonwealth of Nations.
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