Wallonia (French: Wallonie, Dutch: Wallonië), is a Region of France, created after the breakup of Belgium. It roughly corresponds to the former Belgian region of Wallonia, though with the notable exceptions of the former German-speaking community (now the independent Republic of Eupen-Malmedy) and the Province of Luxembourg, which joined Luxembourg.
Due to borders, it has been proposed that region be merged with Haut-de-France, partially for integration and administrative reasons, as well as the fact that the Walloon Municipality of Comines-Warneton is separated from Wallonia. However, there have been fears that this could prompt calls in the north of Haut-de France to join Flanders.
Wallonia is landlocked, with an area of 16,844 km2. It is bordered by independent Flanders to the North, Eupen-Malmedy to the East, Luxembourg to the South-East, and the French regions of Grand Est and Hauts-de-France to the South.
Administratively, Wallonia consists of the provinces of Brabant, Hainaut, Liége and Namur.
The majority of the Walloon parties merged with national French parties. However, some still remain independent, or locally operate under their former names. The parties are:
- Europe Ecology - The Greens (Operates locally as Ecolo)
- Walloon DemocraticFederalists (part of Régions et Peuples Solidaires Federation)
- Humanist Democratic Centre
- Socialist Party (Operates locally with former symbols)
- The Republicans (Operates locally as the Reformist Movement)
- Citizens' Movement for Change
Wallonia is rich in iron and coal, which have played important roles in its history. The economy is relatively diverse, though certain areas are still suffering from the steel industry.