|Imperial State of Persia|
پارس غربیTimeline: Differently
Humata, Hukhta, Huvarshta
"Good Thoughts, Good Words, Good Deeds"
Location of West Persia in the Middle East
(and largest city)
|Government||Federal democracy under parliamentary monarchy|
|-||Prime Minister||Hassan Rouhani|
|-||Independence from the Second Sassanid Empire||18 October 1712|
|-||Revolution; Empire of West Persia dissolved||19 May 1951|
|-||Total|| 2,048,742 km2
791,024 sq mi
|Currency||West Persian rial|
West Persia, officially the Imperial State of Persia, commonly referred as Imperial Persia, is a country in the Middle East. It borders Syria and Byzantium to the west, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan to the northwest, Turkmenistan to the northeast, East Persia to the east and Saudi Arabia to the southwest. It is bounded by the Caspian Sea on the north, the Gulf of Aden on the south, and the Black Sea on the northwest. The capital and largest city is Ctesiphon.
With a population of over 151 million inhabitants, West Persia is the sixth-most populous country in Asia and the ninth in the world. Its surface area of 2 million square kilometers makes it the sixth-largest country in Asia and the 19th-largest in the world.
Officially a Zoroastrian country, West Persia is known for its religious and civil traditions. It has a high weekly attendance to fire temples and is considered by many the modern successor of the Achaemenid and Sassanid empires.
The modern states of West and East Persia formed in 1712, with the split of the Second Sassanid Empire, a government under which they were united until then. Although that division was motivated mostly by administrative problems, the two new Persias ended up taking very different political, social, and cultural paths in the following centuries. While the east became increasingly secular and populist, eventually falling to a socialist regime in the 1920s, the west remained a very conservative and religious society, and continued the Sassanid legacy as the Empire of West Persia, also known as "Third Sassanid Empire".
West Persia's absolute monarchy was abolished in 1790 when the Shah's powers were reduced and a much more democratic and decentralized constitutional monarchy was established. This form of government stayed the same until 1951 when a Revolution forced the Shah to reduce his powers even more to the point he was a puppet of the Parliament. This new government was a proposed Republican Revolution stagnated by East Persia's intelligence to bring the Persias together for possible unification, but historians agree that it caused the opposite effect, since the new government turned out to be much more anti-communist and closer to the United States and Western Europe than the previous one, which was considered neutral. The new government, known to people, is called the Fourth Sassanid Empire, although it was the same regime as the previous one. The name of the Empire of West Persia remained, and the name of the new, more democratic nation is called the "Imperial State of West Persia".
About 87% of West Persians are adepts of the ancient religion of Zoroastrianism, which has official status as the state religion due to its very long history and profound impact on the life of most citizens. However, since the Constitution also guarantees absolute freedom of religion, minority faiths are also practiced in the country, notably Christian Orthodoxy (6%) and Sunni Islam (4%). The irreligious (such as atheists and agnostics) also constitute a significant minority, although their exact numbers are unknown.
West Persia is a federal democracy and constitutional monarchy in which the power of the monarch, called the Shah, is limited to a ceremonial role, with no real political roles whatsoever. He is defined in the Constitution as "the symbol of the State, the People and the Religion". Executive power is instead wielded by the Prime Minister of West Persia and his democratically-elected Cabinet, whose sovereignty is officially vested in the people. The parliament is bicameral, with the Upper House having 200 seats and the Lower House 300 seats.
The Capital of West Persia is the ancient city of Ctesiphon. Ctesiphon was founded in the late 120s BC. The city became the Empire's capital circa 58 BC during the reign of Orodes II. Gradually, the city merged with the old Hellenistic capital of Seleucia and other nearby settlements to form a cosmopolitan metropolis. The city was the glamorous center of the Second Sasanian Empire, which flourished in culture and arts. However, during the Perso-British War, the City was captured by British forces and sacked. The Imperial Palace, with one of the oldest intact arches in History was burned, and half of the city was reduced to ash. However, the city was rebuilt after the war, but it never recovered it's medieval glory.