State of Western Sahara
دَوْلَة الصحراء الغربية
Estado del Sahara Occidental

Timeline: Russian America

OTL equivalent: The Canary Islands, the Plazas de soberanía, Western Sahara, and portions of Morocco.
Flag of the Canary Islands (simple) Escudo de España (1977-1981)
Flag Coat of Arms
Map of Spain and Western Sahara (Russian America)
Location of Western Sahara (red)

Una, Grande y Libre (Spanish)
("One, Great and Free")

Capital El Aaiún
Largest city Las Palmas
Other cities Santa Cruz, Villa Cisneros
Arabic and Spanish
  others English, German, Italian
  others Buddhists, Muslims, Protestants
Ethnic Groups
  others Arabs, Berbers, Germans, Italians
Demonym Western Saharan
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
  legislature Cortes Generales
Currency Peseta (EHP)
Time Zone GMT (UTC±0)
Drives on the Right
Internet TLD .eh

Western Sahara (Arabic: الصحراء الغربية, aṣ-Ṣaḥrā’ al-Gharbīyah; Spanish: Sahara Occidental), officially known as the State of Western Sahara, is a sovereign nation located in West Africa. The nation is bordered in the north by Morocco, in the east by Algeria, and in the southeast by Mauritania. The nation also includes several exclaves and islands in the Mediterranean Sea which border Morocco.

Prior to the Spanish Civil War, the territories of Western Sahara were overseas provinces of Spain. As the civil war turned in favor of the reds, Francisco Franco and the Nationalist Forces retreated to the African colonies (which had acted as the base of operations for Franco in the early years of the war). A government in exile was established in Las Palmas. Fighting with Communist Spain would continue until World War II, at which point the mainland was under attack by the Axis Powers.

Spanish Sahara (as the nation was known prior to the 1970s) gained international support during the Cold War, in particular from NATO, Japan, and Tahuantinsuyo. Saharan forces were able to repel attempts by neighboring Mauritania and Morocco to cease the disputed territories on the African continent. The capital was formally moved to El Aaiún in the late 1950s to encourage continental development. The population of Spanish Sahara was quickly rising, in part due to refugees arriving from Spain, Italy, and the former German states.

Following the death of Francisco Franco in 1975, the nation transitioned into a democracy. The name was formally changed to Western Sahara during this time.

Administrative Divisions

Map of Western Sahara (Russian America)

Provinces of Western Sahara.

The State of Western Sahara is a unitary state currently comprised of nine provinces (Arabic: ولايات, wilāyāt; Spanish: provincias). Western Sahara also lays claim to several uninhabited islands in the Mediterranean Sea which are in dispute with Morocco and (in the case of Alboran Island) Spain.


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