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Kingdom of Zimbabwe
Nhema HNhema UNhema MNhema ANhema MNhema BNhema O  Nhema HNhema WNhema ENhema ZNhema INhema MNhema BNhema ANhema BNhema WNhema E
Humambo hweZimbabwe
Timeline: Merveilles du Monde (Map Game)
OTL equivalent: Southern Africa
Zimbabwe Bird.svg
Map of Zimbabwe (MDM) (1340).png
Zimbabwe in Southern Africa (1340)
Capital
(and largest city)
Lusvingo
Official languages Shona
Ethnic groups  Shona
Religion Faraism
Demonym Shona
Government Absolute monarchy
 -  Mambo Akashinga waKutonga
 -  inDlalifa Chatunga waAkashinga
 -  Akapiwa Mudiwa waTinashe
Legislature None
Establishment
 -  Founded c. 1220 
Area
 -  Total 1,716,387 km2 
662,701 sq mi 
Population
 -  1340 census 1,177,118 
 -  Density 0.69/km2 
1.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 1340 estimate
 -  Total FD 100,290,458 ($275,848,905) 
 -  Per capita FD 85 ($234) 
Currency Sharafu Dhahabu (5 g gold coin)
Fedha (5 g silver coin)
Shaba (2·5 g silver coin)
Zimbabwe (Shona: Nhema ZNhema INhema MNhema BNhema ANhema BNhema WNhema E tr. Zimbabwe), officially known as the Kingdom of Zimbabwe (Shona: Nhema HNhema UNhema MNhema ANhema MNhema BNhema O  Nhema HNhema WNhema ENhema ZNhema INhema MNhema BNhema ANhema BNhema WNhema E tr. Humambo hweZimbabwe), is a large Sub-Saharan African state located in Southern Africa south of the Zambezi River. The kingdom itself is the largest power on the continent located beyond the southern reaches of the Congo Basin, extending from the banks of the Zambezi River to its north, down to the edges of the Orange River, with the Kalahari Desert serving as a limiting factor upon the kingdom's westward frontiers.

History

Government

Mambo

The Mambo is the absolute monarch of Zimbabwe and the final decision maker for all policies and edicts which effect the state as a whole. Invested with the power to lead via tradition, the Mambo has supreme authority within the confines of the kingdom, shaping the realm to his will and to whatever needs he deems vital to its survival. The will of the mambo is effected through a complex series of royal ministries, court officials, and administrative divisions governed by princes who enact the mambo's will throughout the length and breadth of Zimbabwe. Within the Mambo's power are those related to the declaration of peace and war, the adoption of treaties, and the power to levy a tax on the population of the kingdom. Traditionally, the kingdom's monarch has been a descendant of Chenziri, the first king of Zimbabwe, who was enthroned in the city of Lusvingo in 1220. At the present, the current mambo of Zimbabwe has been Akashinga waKutonga, ruler of the kingdom since 1333.

Administrative divisions

The kingdom of Zimbabwe is divided into large territorial units known as matunhu (singular dunhu). Each of these districts is governed by a prince or ishe who is directly appointed by the king to manage the affairs of the region. Each dunhu consists of several large stone urban centers known as maguta, and dozens of large rural enclosures known as boma, which manage large tracts of farmland or are associated with a local gold or copper mine in the region. All matunhu are responsible for meeting a production quota set by the king and his advisory council, which is to be stored locally within the various maguta sites, and collected by officials of the king every five years. The quota of a dunhu is designated to the district based on the census held within the kingdom every ten years. All districts are required to provide the manpower necessary for a count of the population during these occasions.

Structure

  • King – Paramount ruler within Zimbabwe
    • Royal Household – Consists of all members of the king's family, their servants, and the members of the royal bodyguard
      • Queen Mother – Office for the living spouse of the former king
      • Crown Prince – Office held by the eldest son of the king
      • Royal Bodyguard – Personal guards who live with the king at his personal enclosure
    • Chancellor – Head of the king's royal government and paramount state official in charge of the Great Officiate
    • Privy Council – Body of advisors and experts on matters of national importance who aid the king in governing Zimbabwe
      • War Council – Body of experienced warriors responsible for formulating military doctrine and solutions for the king
      • Civil Council – Body of scholars, bureaucrats, and religious leaders tasked with planning domestic policies for the king
      • Trade Council – Body of merchants and princes tasked with managing economic development policies for the king
    • Great Officiate – Royal cabinet consisting of all ministries and state officials tasked with managing the kingdom
      • Ministry of Land – Manages the land and resources of the kingdom; regulates land grants to subjects
      • Ministry of Knowledge – Educates all subjects within the realm in line with the edicts of the king and his advisors
      • Ministry of War – Manages the movement and payment of warriors and the housing for their families and livestock
    • Maziso Ake – Anti-corruption body responsible for combatting excesses of the bureaucracy; Shona for "his (the king's) eyes"
    • Vakadanwa – Combined military forces of the kingdom; Shona for "they were called"
      • Akapikira – Royal bodyguards of the king and his household
      • Muzinda – Royal field army personally led by the king or his sons
      • Misasa – Mobile field armies of the kingdom responsible for prosecuting campaigns
      • Macheto –  Frontier garrisons placed along the borders of the kingdom
      • Vavhimi – Mounted warriors responsible for patroling the border and roads of the kingdom
    • Princes – Responsible for the governance of the royal districts which make up the core territories of the kingdom
    • Districts – Stretch of land assigned to a prince; responsible for marshaling troops and stockpiling grain and livestock
      • Maguta – Stone enclosures home to the organs of government and housing for the warriors of the state and urban population
        • Bomas – Rural enclosures home to 90% of the kingdom's population and livestock; average population: ~500

Military

Economy

Society and culture

Literature and arts

Religion

Education

Zimbabwe differs greatly from most other contemporary states in the world with regards to education, in that the organs of power which govern the country have established a system of education open to the general population. Teachers are employed by the state through the Ministry of Knowledge, and literature for study commissioned by the state and produced in quantity by artisans located in the cities of Lusvingo, Mapungubwe, Khami, and Muromo Wenyika. The introduction of the movable type blocks from China through Arab and Swahili traders came at a time where the Shona had just adopted their own writing system which was tailored to the phonological needs of their language, more so than the more common Arabic script found in the cities of Sofala, Zanzibar, and Mombasa.

Currently, the education system in Zimbabwe is structured to have one teacher per thirty youths within a boma, with the result on paper being a decent level of coverage for both the urban and rural settlements of the kingdom. However, the Ministry of Knowledge is struggling to provide enough teachers for all of the youth within the kingdom, as there are, as of 1340, only 2,200 qualified educators within Zimbabwe as a whole. To meet the needs of educating all youth throughout Zimbabwe, the state would require at least 15,600 teachers, for which it has the funds to support, but not the pool of literate or qualified individuals.

Law and order

Demographics

See also

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